Human Growth

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Author:
JulieB
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271466
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Human Growth
Updated:
2014-04-23 15:31:05
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Late Adulthood
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Final
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  1. A prejudice whereby people are categorized and
    judged solely on the basis of their chronological age.
    Ageism
  2. A condescending way of speaking to older adults
    that resembles baby talk, with simple and short sentences, exaggerated
    emphasis, repetition, and a slower rate and a higher pitch than used in normal
    speech.
    Elderspeak
  3. The multidisciplinary study of old age.
    Gerontology
  4. The medical specialty devoted to aging.
    Geriatrics
  5. A shift in the proportions of the populations of
    various ages.
    Demographic Shift
  6. A person who has lived 100 years or more.
    Centenarian
  7. Healthy, vigorous, financially secure older
    adults (generally, those aged 60-75) who are well integrated into the lives of
    their families and communities.
    Young-Old
  8. Older adults (generally, those over age 75) who
    suffer from physical, mental, or social deficits.
    Old-Old
  9. Elderly adults (generally, those over age 85)
    who are dependent on others for almost everything, requiring supportive
    services such as nursing homes and hospital stays.
    Oldest-Old
  10. The universal and irreversible physical changes
    that occur to all living creatures as they grow older.
    Primary Aging
  11. The specific physical illnesses or conditions
    that become more common with aging but are caused by health habits, genes, and
    other influences that vary from person to person.
    Secondary Aging
  12. Disease that involves the heart and the
    circulatory system
    Cardiovascular Disease
  13. A shortening of the time a person spends ill or
    infirm, accomplished by postponing illness.
    Compression of Morbidity
  14. The oldest possible age that members of a
    species can live under ideal circumstances. For humans, that age is
    approximately 122 years.
    Maximum Life Span
  15. The number of years the average newborn in a
    particular population group is likely to live.
    Average Life Expectancy
  16. Words or ideas presented in advance that make it
    easier to remember something. It is also possible for priming to impair
    cognition, as with stereotype threat.
    Priming
  17. An overall slowdown of cognitive abilities in
    the weeks and months before death.
    Terminal Decline
  18. Irreversible loss of intellectual functioning
    caused by organic brain damage or disease. It becomes more common with age, but
    it is abnormal and pathological even in the very old. Late Adulthood.
    Dementia
  19. A temporary loss of memory, often accompanied by
    hallucinations, terror, grandiosity, and irrational behavior.
    Delirium
  20. The most common cause of dementia, characterized
    by gradual deterioration of memory and personality and marked by the formation
    of plaques of beta-amyloid protein and tangles of tau in the brain.
    Alzheimer Disease
  21. A protein that makes up the plaques that are
    found in the tissues surrounding neurons.
    Beta-Amyloid
  22. A protein that makes up the tangles found within
    neurons.
    Tau
  23. Forgetfulness and loss of verbal fluency that
    often comes before the first stage of Alzheimer disease.
    Mild Cognitive Impairment
  24. Refers to a situation in which elderly people
    are prescribed several medications. The various side effects and interactions
    of those medications can result in dementia symptoms.
    Polypharmacy
  25. An examination of one’s own role in the history
    of human life, engaged in by many elderly people.
    Life Review
  26. Theories of late adulthood that emphasize the core self, or the search to maintain one’s
    integrity and identity.
    Self Theories
  27. The final stage of Erik Erikson’s developmental sequence, in which older adults
    seek to integrate their unique experiences with their vision of community.
    Integrity Versus Despair
  28. The urge to accumulate and hold on to familiar objects and possessions, sometimes
    to the point of their becoming health and/or safety hazards. This impulse tens
    to increase with age.
    Compulsive Hoarding
  29. The tendency for elderly people to perceive, prefer, and remember positive images
    and experiences more than negative ones.
    Positivity Effect
  30. Remaining in the same home and community in later life, adjusting but not leaving when
    health fades.
    Aging In Place
  31. A neighborhood or apartment complex whose population is mostly retired people who
    moved to the location as younger adults and never left.
    Naturally Occurring Retirement Community (NORC)
  32. The obligation of adult children to care for their aging parents.
    Filial Responsibility
  33. Emotionally distant from their grandchildren. They are esteemed elders who are honored,
    respected, and obeyed, expecting to get help whenever they need it. (AKA:
    distant grandparents)
    Remote Grandparents
  34. Entertain and “spoil” their grandchildren – especially in ways, or for reasons, that the
    parents would not. (AKA: “fun-loving” grandparents)
    Companionate Grandparents
  35. Active in the day-to-day lives of their grandchildren. They live near them and see
    them daily.
    Involved Grandparents
  36. Raise their grandchildren, usually because the parents are unable or unwilling to do
    so.
    Surrogate Grandparents
  37. People over age 65, and often over age 85, who are physically infirm, very ill, or
    cognitively disabled.
    Frail Elderly
  38. Typically identified as five tasks of self-care that are important to independent living. The inability to perform any of these tasks is a sign of frailty.
    • Activities Of Daily Life (ADLs)
    • (Eating, bathing, toileting, dressing, and transferring from a bed to a chair)
  39. Actions that are important to independent
    living and that require some intellectual competence and forethought. The
    ability to perform these tasks may be even more critical to self-sufficiency
    than ADL ability.
    • Instrumental Activities Of Daily Life (IADLs)
    • (for example, paying bills and driving a car)
  40. A living arrangement for elderly people that combines privacy and independence
    with medical supervision.
    Assisted Living
  41. The study of death and dying, especially of the
    social and emotional aspects.
    Thanatology
  42. The idea that people adopt cultural values and moral principles in order to cope with their fear of death. This system of beliefs protects individuals from anxiety about their mortality and bolsters their self-esteem, so they react harshly when other people go against any of the moral principles involved.
    Terror Management Theory (TMT)
  43. An institution or program in which terminally ill patients receive palliative care to reduce suffering; family and friends of the dying are helped as well.
    Hospice
  44. Care designed not to treat an illness but to provide physical and emotional comfort to the patient and support and guidance to his or family.
    Palliative Care
  45. A situation in which an action has both a positive effect and a negative effect
    • Double Effect
    • Action (such as administering opiates)
    • Positive Effect (relieving a terminally ill person’s pain)
    • Negative Effect (hastening death by suppressing respiration)
  46. A situation in which a seriously ill person is allowed to die naturally, through the cessation of medical intervention.
    Passive Euthanasia
  47. A written order from a physician that no attempt should be made to revive a patient if he or she suffers cardiac or respiratory arrest.
    • Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
    • (sometimes initiated by a patient’s advance directive or by a health care proxy’s request)
  48. A situation in which someone takes action to bring about another person’s death, with the intention of ending that person’s suffering.
    Active Euthanasia
  49. A form of active euthanasia in which a doctor provides the means for someone to end his or her own life.
    Physician-Assisted Suicide
  50. The argument that a given action will start a chain of events that will culminate in an undesirable outcome.
    Slippery Slope
  51. A document that indicates what medical intervention an individual prefers if he or she is not conscious when a decision is to be expressed.
    • Living Will
    • (For example, some do not want mechanical breathing.)
  52. A person chosen by another person to make medical decisions if the second person becomes unable to do so.
    • Health Care Proxy
    • Durable Power of Attorney (DPOA)
  53. The complicated and multifaceted feelings of loss following a death.
    Bereavement
  54. The deep sorrow that people feel at the death of another. It is personal and unpredictable.
    Grief
  55. The ceremonies and behaviors that a religion or culture prescribes for people to employ in expressing their bereavement after a death.
    Mourning
  56. A type of mourning that impedes a person’s future life, usually because the person clings to sorrow or is buffeted by contradictory emotions.
    Complicated Grief
  57. A situation in which mourners do not grieve, either because other people do not allow grief to be expressed or because the mourners do not allow themselves to feel sadness.
    Absent Grief
  58. A situation in which certain people, although they are bereaved, are prevented from mourning publicly by cultural customs or social restrictions.
    Disenfranchised Grief
  59. A situation in which circumstances, such as a police investigation or an autopsy, interfere with the process of mourning.
    Incomplete Grief

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