Vocabulary: 12-15

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texasgrl1978
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271472
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Vocabulary: 12-15
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2014-04-22 15:41:54
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Circulatory System
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  1. Introductionof blood or blood components directly into the bloodstream.
    Transfusion
  2. Liquid portion of the blood without clotting factors; thin, water fluid; adj., serous
    Serum
  3. Cell fragment that forms a plug to stop bleeding and acts in blood clotting; thrombocyte
    Platelet (thrombocyte)
  4. Liquidportion of the blood
    Plasma
  5. Very large cell that gives rise to blood platelets
    megakaryocyte
  6. Whiteblood cell
    leukocyte
  7. Stoppage of bleeding
    hemostasis
  8. Anescape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, especially when profuse
    Hemorrhage
  9. Rupture of red blood cells; v., hemolyze
    Hemolysis
  10. Iron-containing protein in red blood cells that binds oxygen.
    Hemoglobin
  11. Volumepercentage of red blood cells in whole blood; packed cell volume.
    Hematocrit
  12. Bloodprotein that forms a clot.
    Fibrin
  13. Red blood cell
    Erethrocyte
  14. Precipitateformed when plasma is frozen and then thawed.
    cryoprecipitate
  15. Clotting,as of blood.
    Coagulation
  16. An instrument that separates materials in a mixture based on density.
    Centrifuge
  17. Serum containing antibodies that may be given to provide passive immunity; immune serum.
    antiserum
  18. Foreign substance that produces an immune response.
    Antigen (Ag)
  19. Abnormallylow level of hemoglobin or red cells in the blood, resulting in inadequatedelivery of oxygen to the tissues
    Anemia
  20. clumping of cells due to an antigen-antibody reaction
    agglutination
  21. one of the heart’s two upper chambers; adj., atrial
    atrium
  22. Referring to the heart or to the arteries supplying blood to the heart.
    coronary
  23. Relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle; adj., diastolic
    diastole
  24. Instrument to study the heart by means of ultrasound; the record produced is an echocardiogram.
    echocardiograph
  25. Instrument to study the heart’s electrical activity; record made is an electrocardiogram.
    electrocardiograph (ECG, EKG)
  26. Membranethat lines the heart chambers and covers the valves.
    endocardium
  27. Membrane that forms the hearts wall’s outermost layer and is continuous with the liningof the fibrous pericardium; visceral pericardium.
    epicardium
  28. Abnormal heart sound
    murmur
  29. Middle layer of the heart wall; heart muscle
    myocardium
  30. Sinoatrial (SA) node of the heart; group of cells or artificial devise that sets the rateof heart contractions.
    pacemaker
  31. Fibrous sac lined with serous membrane that encloses the heart.
    pericardium
  32. Dividing wall, as between the chambers of the heart or the nasal cavities.
    septum
  33. Contractionphase of the cardiac cycle
    systole
  34. Structure that prevents fluid from flowing backward, as in the heart, veins, andlymphatic vessels.
    valve
  35. Cavity or chamber; one of the heart’s two lower chambers
    ventricle
  36. vessel between a capillary and a vein.
    venule
  37. Large channel that drains deoxygenated blood.
    venous sinus
  38. Large vein that carries blood into the hearts right atrium
    vena cava (superior or inferior vena cava)
  39. Vessel that carries blood toward the heart
    vein
  40. Increase in a blood vessel's diameter
    vasodilation
  41. Decrease in a blood vessel's diameter
    vasoconstriction
  42. Device used to measure blood pressure; blood pressure apparatus or cuff.
    sphygmomanometer
  43. Enlargedcapillary that serves as a blood channel.
    sinusoid
  44. Wave of increased pressure in the vessels produced by heart contraction.
    pulse
  45. Epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels.
    endothelium
  46. Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between the blood and the tissues.
    capillary
  47. Receptor that responds to pressure, such as those in vessel walls that respond to stretchingand help regulate blood pressure.
    baroreceptor
  48. Vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
    artery
  49. Vessel between a small artery and a capillary.
    arteriole
  50. The largest artery; carries blood out of the hearts left ventricle.
    aorta
  51. Communicationbetween two structures, such as blood vessels.
    anastomosis
  52. Popular name for pharyngeal tonsil located in the nasopharynx.
    adenoids
  53. Substance produced in response to a specific antigen; immunoglobulin.
    antibody
  54. Agranular white blood cell that gives rise to antibody-producing plasma cells in responseto an antigen; B lymphocyte.
    B Cell
  55. Milky-appearing fluid absorbed into the lymphatic system from the small intestine. Itconsists of lymph and droplets of digested fat.
    chyle
  56. Group of blood proteins that helps antibodies to destroy foreign cells.
    complement
  57. Protein fraction in the blood plasma that contains antibodies.
    gamma globin
  58. Power of an individual to resist or overcome the effects of a particular disease orother harmful agent.
    immunity
  59. Use of a vaccine to produce immunity
    immunization
  60. Response of tissues to injury; characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain.
    inflammation
  61. Group of substances released from virus-infected cells that prevent spread ofinfection to other cells; also nonspecifically boost the immune system.
    interferon (IFN)
  62. Fluid in the lymphatic system
    lymph
  63. Vessel of the lymphatic system.
    lymphatic duct
  64. Agranular white blood cell that functions in immunity.
    lymphocyte
  65. Mass of lymphoid tissue along the path of a lymphatic vessel that filters lymph andharbors white blood cells active in immunity.
    lymph node
  66. Large phagocytic cell that develops from a monocyte; presents antigen to lymphoctytesin immune response.
    macrophage
  67. Cell derived from a B cell that produces antibodies.
    plasma cell
  68. Lymphoid organ in teh upper left region of the abdomen
    spleen
  69. Lymphocyte active in immunity that matures in the thymus gland; destroys foreign cellsdirectly
    T Cell
  70. Endocrine gland in the upper portion of the chest; stimulates development of T Cells.
    thymus
  71. Mass of lymphoid tissue in the region of the pharynx.
    tonsil
  72. Substance used to produce active immunity; usually, a suspension of attenuated or killedpathogens or some component of a pathogen given by inoculation to prevent aspecific disease.
    vaccine

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