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- Female gonads or sex glands.
- Responsible for secreting the hormones estrogen and progesterone and for development and release of the mature egg necessary for reproduction
Uterine tubes; thin flexible structures that extend from the uterus to the ovaries
- Pear-shaped organ that contains the developing fetus
- Top portion is the fundus, middle portion is the body, narrow tapered neck is the cervix
- Connects with the vagina.
- Contains a plug of mucus that seals the uterine opening during pregnancy, the plug is discharged when the cervix starts to dilate and appears as pink vaginal discharge
The expulsion of the plug in cervix signals the first stage of labor
- Organ of pregnancy; is a disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus that begins to develop after the ovum is fertilized and attaches itself to the uterine wall.
- The sole organ through which the fetus receives oxygen and nourishment from the mother and discharges carbon dioxide and waste products
After the infant is born the placenta separates from the uterine wall and delivered as the afterbirth
The unborn infant's lifeline, attaching the fetus to the placenta
Filled with amniotic fluid in which the infant floats, insulating and protecting it throughout the pregnancy
The lower part of the birth canal.
Those that occur in the pregnant patient prior to the onset of labor
Spontaneous Abortion or Miscarriage
Delivery of the fetus and placenta before the fetus is viable
- Associated with abnormal implantation of the placenta over or near the opening of the cervix
- Third trimester vaginal bleeding that is painless
The abnormal separation of the placenta from the uterine wall prior to birth of the baby
Uterus ruptures and releases the fetus into the abdominal cavity
The ovum is implanted outside the uterus in one of the following locations: in a fallopian tube, on the abdominal peritoneal covering, on the outside wall of the uterus, on an ovary, or on the cerix
- When edema and protein in the urine are found with elevated blood pressure
- Characterized by high blood pressure and swelling in the extremities
- Eclampsia is a more severe form of preeclampsia and includes coma or seizure
Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH)
A blood pressure in a pregnant women that is greater than 140/90 on two or more occasions at 6 hours apart
Supine Hypotension Syndrome
Occurs when the weight of the fetus compresses the inferior vena cava when the patient is in the supine postion
The umbilical cord rather than the head is the first part presenting at the vaginal opening
The fetal buttocks or lower extremities are low in the uterus and are the first to be delivered
Passing of bowel movement in amniotic fluid causing the normally clear fluid to turn greenish or brownish yellow. this coloring is call meconium staining
An infant weighing less than 5 pounds or an infant born before its 38th week of development
Beyond 42 weeks
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