Chapter 37

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  1. Ovaries
    • Female gonads or sex glands.
    • Responsible for secreting the hormones estrogen and progesterone and for development and release of the mature egg necessary for reproduction
  2. Fallopian Tubes
    Uterine tubes; thin flexible structures that extend from the uterus to the ovaries
  3. Uterus
    • Pear-shaped organ that contains the developing fetus
    • Top portion is the fundus, middle portion is the body, narrow tapered neck is the cervix
  4. Fetus
    The unborn infant
  5. Cervix
    • Connects with the vagina.
    • Contains a plug of mucus that seals the uterine opening during pregnancy, the plug is discharged when the cervix starts to dilate and appears as pink vaginal discharge
  6. Bloody Show
    The expulsion of the plug in cervix signals the first stage of labor
  7. Placenta
    • Organ of pregnancy; is a disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus that begins to develop after the ovum is fertilized and attaches itself to the uterine wall.
    • The sole organ through which the fetus receives oxygen and nourishment from the mother and discharges carbon dioxide and waste products
  8. Afterbirth
    After the infant is born the placenta separates from the uterine wall and delivered as the afterbirth
  9. Umbilical Cord
    The unborn infant's lifeline, attaching the fetus to the placenta
  10. Amniotic Sac
    Filled with amniotic fluid in which the infant floats, insulating and protecting it throughout the pregnancy
  11. Vagina
    The lower part of the birth canal.
  12. Antepartum Emergency
    Those that occur in the pregnant patient prior to the onset of labor
  13. Spontaneous Abortion or Miscarriage
    Delivery of the fetus and placenta before the fetus is viable
  14. Placenta Previa
    • Associated with abnormal implantation of the placenta over or near the opening of the cervix
    • Third trimester vaginal bleeding that is painless
  15. Abruption Placentae
    The abnormal separation of the placenta from the uterine wall prior to birth of the baby
  16. Ruptured Uterus
    Uterus ruptures and releases the fetus into the abdominal cavity
  17. Ectopic Pregnancy
    The ovum is implanted outside the uterus in one of the following locations: in a fallopian tube, on the abdominal peritoneal covering, on the outside wall of the uterus, on an ovary, or on the cerix
  18. Preeclampsia/Eclampsia
    • When edema and protein in the urine are found with elevated blood pressure
    • Characterized by high blood pressure and swelling in the extremities
    • Eclampsia is a more severe form of preeclampsia and includes coma or seizure
  19. Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH)
    A blood pressure in a pregnant women that is greater than 140/90 on two or more occasions at 6 hours apart
  20. Supine Hypotension Syndrome
    Occurs when the weight of the fetus compresses the inferior vena cava when the patient is in the supine postion
  21. Prolapsed Cord
    The umbilical cord rather than the head is the first part presenting at the vaginal opening
  22. Breech Birth
    The fetal buttocks or lower extremities are low in the uterus and are the first to be delivered
  23. Meconium
    Passing of bowel movement in amniotic fluid causing the normally clear fluid to turn greenish or brownish yellow. this coloring is call meconium staining
  24. Premature Infant
    An infant weighing less than 5 pounds or an infant born before its 38th week of development
  25. Postterm Pregnancy
    Beyond 42 weeks
Card Set
Chapter 37
Obstetrics and Care of the Newborn
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