Anatomy and Physiology

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Author:
SkinCareSpecialist
ID:
271546
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Anatomy and Physiology
Updated:
2014-04-22 19:49:38
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ANATOMY
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ANATOMY
Description:
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6-Fundamentals and Chapters 5 and 6-Advanced
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  1. A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
    Tissues
  2. What supports, protects, and binds together other tissues of the body?  Ex: bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, fascia (which separates muscles), and fat or adipose tissue?
    Connective tissue
  3. What is a protective covering on body surfaces?  Ex: skin, mucous membranes, the lining of the heart, digestive and respiratory organs, and the glands.
    Epithelial tissue
  4. What contracts and moves the various parts of the body?
    Muscular tissue
  5. What carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions?  It's composed of special cells known as neurons, which make up the nerves, brain and spinal cord.
    Nerve tissue
  6. What are structures composed of specialized tissues designed to perform a specific function in plants and animals?
    Organs
  7. What organ controls the body?
    Brain
  8. What organ controls the body's vision?
    Eyes
  9. What organ circulates the blood?
    Heart
  10. What organ excretes water and waste products?
    Kidneys
  11. What organ supplies oxygen to the blood?
    Lungs
  12. What organ removes waste created by digestion?
    Liver
  13. What organ is the external protective coating that covers the body?
    Skin
  14. What organ degests food, along with the intestines?
    Stomach
  15. What organ digest food, along with the stomach?
    Intestines
  16. What is the physical foundation of the body to which the softer tissue and organs of the body are attached?
    Skeletal system
  17. What is the study of the anatomy, structure, and function of the bones?
    Osteology
  18. What does Os mean?
    Bone
  19. What is composed of several types of bone cells embedded in a web of inorganic salts (mostly calcium and phosphorus) and collagenous and ground fibers?
    Bone tissue
  20. Primary functions of the skeletal system?
    shape and support to the body, protects internal structures and organs, serve as attachments for muscles, acts as levers to produce body movement, helps to produce white and red blood cells, and stores minerals
  21. What is the connection between two or more bones of the skeleton?
    Joints
  22. What are the two type of joints?
    Moveable (elbows, knees, and hips) and immovable (pelvis or skull)
  23. The human head contains how many bones?
    22
  24. What is an oval, bony case that protects the brain, formed by 8 bones?
    Cranium
  25. What are the 8 bones of the cranium?
  26. What are the 14 bones of the face?

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