The Vietnam War Study Guide

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  1. Setting of We Were Soldiers
    Ia Drang Valley, Nov. 14-16
  2. Site of French defeat in 1954
    Dien Bien Phu
  3. U.S.-backed leader of South Vietnam until 1963
    Ngo Dinh Diem
  4. International agreement that split North Vietnam and South Vietnam in 1954
    The Geneva Accords
  5. Dividing line between North Vietnam and South Vietnam lay along the
    17th parallel
  6. Religious group that Diem severely cracked down on
  7. Body of water where two U.S. destroyers were allegedly attacked by North Vietnamese forces in August 1964
    The Gulf of Tonkin
  8. Nixon’s secret bombing of Cambodia prompted Congress to pass the
    War Powers Resolution
  9. The Viet Cong raid at Pleiku gave Johnson justification to begin
    Operation Rolling Thunder
  10. Jan 31, 1968
    Tet Offensive
  11. My Lai Massacre
    • Occured: 1968
    • Revealed: 1969
  12. NVA vs. Viet Cong
    The NVA were professional soldiers, whereas the Viet Cong were civilian guerrillas
  13. Saigon finally fell to North Vietnamese forces in
  14. Ho Chi Minh
    • Head of the Vietnamese Communist Party
    • Associated with both communism and nationalism
  15. Buddhist monk set himself on fire in protest of Diem's regime
  16. Nixon initiates warmer relations with China in order to gain leverage in Vietnam
  17. Lt. Col. Hal Moore
    • 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment
    • Catholic
    • Felt guilty his men had died and he had not
  18. Sgt. Maj. Basil Plumley
    • E-9
    • Highest enlisted rank
    • Answers to Moore
    • Served in WWII & Korea
    • 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment
  19. 2nd Lt. Jack Geoghegan
    • Leader
    • Took care of other soldiers
    • Married to Barbara
    • Father of newborn Camile
    • Catholic
    • Shot carrying a wounded soldier
  20. 2nd Lt. Henry Herrick
    • Shot
    • "Glad he could die for his country"
    • The cut-off platoon?
  21. Sgt. Ernie Savage
    • Became platoon sergeant when previous two were killed
    • The cut-off platoon
    • Weeps when he comes back from being separated & Plumly say that was normal
    • Asked to rejoin the lines
  22. Joe Galloway
    • Voluntarily got on the helicopter
    • Reporter
    • Wanted to try to understand the war & help others understand it
    • Ancestors were in every way
    • Didn't know how to report it
  23. Maj. Bruce "Snake" Crandall
    • Pilot
    • Threw up when they washed the blood off his helicopter
    • MOH recipient
    • Pulled out a gun at a guy who criticized his decision
  24. Capt. Ed "Too Tall" Freeman
    • Pilot
    • Wingman to Crandall
    • MOH recipient
    • Fought in WWI & Korea
    • Flew supplies to trapped American battalion & flew out the wounded
  25. Badass
    Distinctively tough or powerful; so exceptional as to be intimidating
  26. Tom Cruise
    • Ron Kovic
    • Enlisted in the Marines
  27. Truman grants aid to France to fight communist rebels in Indochina
  28. Siege at Dienbienphu - Eisenhower refuses direct military aid for France
    French are overran and surrender
  29. Geneva conference-Vietnam partitioned at 17th par.
  30. Free elections promised at 154 Geneva convention are not held
  31. ARVN defeated by smaller force at Battle of Ap Bac
    Jan 1963
  32. Buddhist monks lead anti-government demonstrations
    May-Aug 1963
  33. Gen. Duong Van Minh leads coup with U.S. knowledge and CIA assistance, Diem and his brother are murdered
    Nov. 1963
  34. Gulf of Tonkin
    Aug 2-7 1964
  35. Vietcong attack U.S. base at Pleiku
    Feb. 7 1965
  36. Operation Rolling Thunder
    Feb 24 1965
  37. First American Combat troops: marines land at Danang airbase
    Mar. 8 1965
  38. SDS organize protest march in front of White House 15,000
    April 15 1965
  39. Buddhist monks demonstrate against Saigon regime
    Mar 10 1966
  40. Ia Drang Valley
    Nov 14-16 1965
  41. Use of chemical defoliants to destroy cover - Agent Orange
    Sept. 23 1966
  42. SEATO peace plan calls for an end to N.V. aggression
    Oct. 25 1966
  43. More anti-war protests, New York 585 arrested, including Dr. Benjamin Spock and poet Allen Ginsburg
    Dec 8 1967
  44. Troop strength nearly 500 thousand
    Dec 8 1967
  45. Battle of Khe Sanh. Johnson and Westmoreland committed to avoiding another Dienbienphu (conquered then abandoned)
    Jan 21 1968
  46. Tet Offensive. Truce for Vietnamese New Year Holiday - Vietcong launch a major offensive striking 41 cities including Saigon.
    Jan 31 1968
  47. Sec. Of Defense Robert McNamara resigns - U.S. can't win the war
    Feb 29 1968
  48. Nixon orders secret bombing of Cambodia
    Mar 18 1969
  49. Nixon begins Vietnamization
    June 8 1969
  50. Ho Chi Minh dies
    Sept 3 1969
  51. "The Moratorium" (& second) nationwide protest against war - Coretta Scott King leads 250,000 in Washington D.C.
    Oct 25 (Nov 15) 1969
  52. My Lai massacre is revealed
    Lt. William Calley is tried and convicted
    Nov 16 1969
  53. Henry Kissinger begins secret Paris negotiations with Le Duc Tho
    Feb 20 1970
  54. National Guard troops kill 4 and wounded 10 demonstators at Kent State University (college protests)
    May 4 1970
  55. New York Times begins publications of the "Pentagon Papers", history of American involvement in Vietnam
    June 13 1971
  56. Kissinger announced breakthrough at Paris peace talks and says, "peace is within reach"
    (Peace talks break down)
    • Oct 8 1972
    • (Nov 7 1972)
  57. Cease-fire agreement is signed and announced
    Jan 27 1973
  58. Draft ends
    Jan 1973
  59. Last American ground troops leave Vietnam
    March 29 1973
  60. Congress passes the War Power Act, which restricts the President's power to commit troops to foreign countries without congressional approval.
    Nov 7 1973
  61. Nixon resigns and is replaced by Gerald Ford
    Aug 9 1974
  62. Six month offensive, Vietcong and North Vietnamese overran South Vietnam and Cambodia
  63. President Ford calls the war "finished"
    April 23 1975
  64. Last Americans evacuated from Saigon, last two American soldiers killed in Vietnam
    April 29 1975
  65. UN Trusteeship Council
    Helping countries become independent "self-determination"
  66. U.S. supported France because...
    Europe was more important
  67. Viet Ming
    • Leader: Ho Chi Minh
    • General: Gioup
  68. Boh Dai
    Leader of French Indochina, but didn't have any power
  69. Viet Cong
    Guerilla communists in South Vietnam who fought against the democratic government
  70. Geneva Conference
    In Switzerland
  71. Kennedy said that Vietnam...
    was created by the U.S. and therefore it was our responsibility
  72. Viet Cong/Viet Minh
    • Viet Cong: South Vietnamese Communists
    • Viet Ming: North Vietnamese Communists
  73. Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    The U.S. was spying on the North Vietnamese when the North Vietnamese torpedo fired at a U.S. destroyer. A second destroyer was called in. Radar sounded and people though the North Vietnamese torpedoed again, but it is unclear.
  74. Flaming Dart/Rolling Thunder
    Retaliation against North Vietnamese attack/Continuous air attack on North Vietnamese
  75. Audie Murphey
    The most decorated soldier
  76. We Were Soldiers Ending
    Vietnamese general said that the outcome would be the same as the French massacre at Dien Bien Phu, but the number of deaths along the way would be greater.
  77. Ballad of the Green Beret
    • Song of 1966
    • Patriotism
    • 1965: Battle of Ia Drang Valley
  78. Pentagon papers
    Revealed lies of the Truman-Nixon administrations
  79. Fragging
    Soldiers who had been in Vietnam longer than their officers killed them off because they refused to obey orders because they were dangerous
  80. 1966 Perspective
    • Both America and North Vietnam saw a war that they could win
    • More men, more money, more bombs
    • As long as they didn't meet American head on, ambush and retreat, traps, guerilla warfare
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The Vietnam War Study Guide
2014-04-23 04:31:41

The Vietnam War Study Guide
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