Without the aid of the reference, state the responsibilities involved withestablishing rear area security, per FMFM 2-6. (CCRS.08.12a)
Rear Area Security responsibilities.
(1)Defense of LCE and ACE Facilities. The local commander is
responsible for the defense of his unit or facility. Initial Level I
response is from the unit’s individual Marines. As the threat
becomes more severe, requiring a Level II response, military police
and provisional security forces are called upon to frustrate the
enemy’s attempt to disrupt LCE/ACE operations.
(2)Security of MSRs/LOCs. The military police (MP) are
responsible for the primary RAS mission of providing security for the
MSRs/LOCs. MPs continuously move throughout the MAGTF rear area
conducting foot and motor patrols to ensure the safe passage of
personnel and supplies. MPs can conduct hasty reconnaissance, seek
new or alternate routes, and serve as an important
intelligence-gathering source. The military police will coordinate
all RAS missions through the RAOC. The provisional security forces
provide additional sources for MSR/LOC security. They can be attached
to the military police or remain under the operational control of the
(3)Security of Areas Outside LCE/ACE Facilities and Areas Away
from MSRs/LOCs. The RASC is responsible for deciding the security
of additional areas that are vital to the defense of the MAGTF rear
area. These areas can include key terrain, avenues of approach, choke
points, possible enemy assembly areas, drop/landing zones, or a
combination of any of these. The RASC may decide to patrol these
areas or set up listening post/observation LPs/OPs. Elements of the
provisional security forces can best accomplish this type of mission.
The provisional helicopter-borne security company is specifically
suited for this assignment because of its inherent speed and
mobility. Coordination between LCE and ACE RAOCs is imperative to
avoid duplication of effort and potential fire support coordination
(4)Air Defense. Air defense is defined as all defensive
measures designed to destroy attacking enemy aircraft or missiles in
the earth’s envelope of atmosphere, or to nullify or reduce the
effectiveness of such attacks. In the MAGTF rear area, the ACE
commander is responsible for designating air defense sectors.
Elements. Rear area units may have ground
combat elements available to augment security forces. These units
should be assigned an RAS mission only when the MAGTF mission becomes
jeopardized, and are responsible for countering a
Level III threat. They might include units held
in reserve and reaction forces.
Without the aid of the reference, identify examples of the two types of security measures used in rear area security, per FMFM 2-6.(CCRS.08.12b)
Security measures can be identified as either passive or active.
a.Passive Security measures.
(1)Use camouflage, dispersion, and natural cover.
(3)Establish deception measures as dummy installations.
(4)Position rear area units to be mutually supportive.
(5)Establish redundant facilities to preclude MAGTF support
capabilities from being rendered ineffective should the primary facility be destroyed.
b.Active Security Measures.
(1)Train Marines in basic infantry skills to include air-defense techniques.
(2)Organize units for defensive operations.
(3)Equip support elements with weapons and munitions required for local defense.
(4)Use patrolling, OPs/LPs, and other local security techniques.
(5)Provide security for convoys.
(6) Position air defense units in depth.
(7)Establish liaison with fire support, coordinate agencies, and train personnel in procedures.
(8)Establish and coordinate security and security reaction forces.
(9)Establish close air support and close-in fire support.
(10)Establish defensive plans and positions to include local
barriers and obstacles.
Without the aid of reference, state the measures taken to enhance the area
damage control effort, per FMFM 2-6. (CCRS.08.12c)
The following ADC measures can be taken to enhance the ADC effort:
a.Before The Incident.
(1)Designate ADC responsibilities.
(2)Disperse and harden facilities.
(3)Establish ADC priorities and assess unit vulnerabilities.
(4)Prepare,coordinate, and rehearse ADC plans.
(5)Establish communications and warning procedures.
(6)Designate alternate operational sites.
(7)Maintain personnel rosters.
(8)Identify emergency supplies.
(9)Coordinate ADC assistance from other units.
(10)Coordinate ADC assistance from host nation.
b.During And After Incident.
(1)Assess damage, isolate danger areas, and provide updates to the ROAC.
(2)Prevent and fight fires.
(3)Administer medical aid and evacuate casualties.
(4)Restore mission essential operations.
(6)Remove and dispose of unexploded ordnance.
(7)Conduct NBC survey/decontamination as required.
(8)Clear rubble and debris.
(9)Distribute emergency supplies.
Without the aid of reference, identify the functional benefits of planning per MCWP
5-1, Marine Corps Planning Process. (CCRS 14.60b)
The five key functional benefits that result from planning are:
Shared situational awareness (SA)
Expectations of how actions might evolve and their effects are common throughout
Stimulation of initiative and creativity
Thought processes of the planners are shaped
What is single battle concept?
In order to assist the commander in planning and decentralized execution, it is,conceptually, divided into deep, close, and rear.
The Commander’s intent ensures unity of effort by fighting the single battle.
The single battle concept allows the commander to focus the efforts of all elements of the force to accomplish the mission.
When do you stand-up to Red Cell?
It's the 2nd stage of Mission Analysis: (The process stage)
Stand up the RedCell (The red cell plays the enemy during the war-gaming step.
The red cell is a task- organized element under the staff cognizance of the G/S-2.
It presents a “thinking” enemy that uses threat doctrine and operational experience to react
to friendly threats and dispositions in order to test friendly COA’s during war-gaming.
What is the definition of Transition?
is the final step of the process and its purpose is to shift from planning to execution.
It allows the MSC’s and current operations to build situational awareness based on what the higher
headquarters and future operations have planned.
Without the aid of references, select the references that apply to the law of Land Warfare, per MCRP 5-12.1A?
The following are some but not all references which apply to land warfare:
1.FM 27-10 is the most utilized manual for researching Law of Land Warfare.
2.The Handbook on the Law of War for Armed Forces .
3.Department of the Army Pamphlet 27-200
4.MCRP 4-11.8B, War Crimes Investigations. Helps Marines determine when specific actions violate the laws of war.
5.The Rules of War was written in1914, MCRP 5-12.1A is a dual publication of FM 27-10.
Without the aid of references, state the two principles that apply to the Law of Land Warfare, perMCRP 5-12.1. (CCRS 02.01c)
The two basic principles of Law of Land Warfare are listed below:
The law of war places limits on the exercise of a belligerent’s power in the interests mentioned in the purposes for the Law of Land Warfare.
It requires that belligerents refrain from employing any kind or degree of violence which is not actually necessary for military purposes and they conduct hostilities with regard for the principles of humanity and chivalry.
b.Binding on States and Individuals.
The law of war is binding not only upon States as such but also upon individuals and, in particular, the members of their armed forces.
Without the aid of references, state the two sources from which the Law of Land Warfare is derivedfrom, per MCRP 5-12.1A. (CCRS 02.01d)
The Law of Land Warfare is derived from two principal sources:
a.Lawmaking Treaties (or Conventions), such as the Hague and Geneva Conventions.
b.Custom. Although some of the laws of war has not been incorporated in any treaty or convention to which the United States is a party, this body of unwritten or customary law is firmly established by the custom of nations and well defined by recognized authorities on international law.
What is the purpose of Law of Landwarfare?
- Protect combatants and non combatants from unnecessary suffering
-Safeguard of certain fundamental rights of persons who fall into the head of the enemy
-Facilitate the restoration of peace
Purpose of the law of land warfare?
is to regulate war by written and unwritten laws to diminish the evils of war:
This is accomplished by three means:
1.Protecting both combatants and noncombatants from unnecessary suffering.
2.The safeguarding of certain fundamental human rights of persons who fall into the hands of the
enemy, particularly prisoners of war, the wounded, sick, and civilians.
3.Facilitating the restoration of peace.
WHAT ARE A LEADERS RESPONSIBILITY IN LAW OF LAND WARFARE?
- Subordinates are aware of their obligations
-Act in case of a breach
-Necessary measures are taken to prevent violations of the law of war
-Failure to act when under a duty to do so (i.e. comanders held responsible for war crimes of subordinates)
The commander himself must ensure that:
His subordinates are aware of their obligations under the law of war.
The necessary measures are taken to prevent violations of the law of war.
The commander himself must ensure that his subordinates respect the law of war.
The commander must ensure that in case of breach of the law of war,The breach ceases.
Disciplinary or penal action is taken.
The commander’s responsibility extends to breaches of the law of war resulting from a failure to
act when under a duty to do so.
In some cases, military commanders may be held responsible for war crimes committed by subordinate members of the armed forces, or other persons subject to their control if they had actual knowledge, or should have knowledge that troops or other persons subject to their control are about to commit or have committed a war crime.
Who establishes the Rule Of Engagement?
In accordance with the Law of Land Warfare appropriate military commanders issue rules of engagement which tell subordinate officers and troops where, when, and what they
What are the 4 different levels of mount?
urban battlespace is divided into four basic levels: building,
street, subterranean, and air.
A. Building Level.
Buildings provide cover and concealment; limit or increase fields of observation and fire; and canalize, restrict, or block movement of forces, especially mechanized forces.
b. Street Level.
While streets provide the means for rapid advance or withdrawal, forces moving along streets are often canalized by buildings and have little space for off-road maneuver.
Because they are more difficult to
bypass, obstacles on streets in urbanized areas are usually more
effective than those on roads in open terrain.
Subterranean systems are easily overlooked but can be important to the outcome of operations. These areas may be substantial and include subways, sewers, cellars, and utility systems
The air provides another avenue of approach in urbanized areas. Aviation
assets can be used for high speed insertion or extraction of troops,
supplies, and equipment.
What are barrier plans?
Barrier plans: Obstacles are positioned adjacent to buildings to stop tanks and delay infantry
Buildings in proximity to the defensive position that provide cover for enemy infantry movements or are suitable for weapons positions are destroyed, mined, booby trapped, filled with barbed
wire, blocked at doors and windows, or a combination of all these measures.
What are the two main consideration of leading anti-amor in ambush?
1) Terrain limitations: Tracked vehicles, tanks and armored personnel carriers are limited in their ability to move effectively when confined to small spaces.
2) Weapons limitations: in a MOUT environment you must understand the capabilities and limitations.
What are the priority of targets in a anti-amor ambush?
The priority of targets should be as follows:
1) Command and control vehicles
2) Ammunition vehicles
3) Fuel vehicles
4) Supply vehicles
5) Vehicles laden with troops
What is the Mission of Naval construction Force?(NCF)
provide a responsive, mobile, modern, versatile engineer force to accomplish diverse task.
What are some of the examples of supporting arms and which one is the mast rapidly responsive?
motars (mast rapidly responsive)
fixed wing attack aircraft
What are the two basic types of defense?
The two basic types of defenses are the position (also referred to
as an area defense(position) and the mobile defense.
What are the three types perimeter defense?
Extended, linear, and perimeter.
Situations where a perimeter defense should be utilized: