Psychology Midterm - First set
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Modern technology has provided us with many
time-saving devices, but …
We still complain about not having enough time
____________refers to the idea that
technological advances have NOT led to perceptible improvement in our
collective health and happiness.
The paradox of progress
Many theorists believe that the basic challenge
of modern life has become the search for
Meaning or a sense of direction
What is the best definition of psychology?
The study of behavior and the profession that applies knowledge from the studies to solving practical problems.
What is the best example of "overt" activity?
The term _______________ refers to the
psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands
and challenges of everyday life.
An experiment is a research method in which the
investigator manipulates the ____________ variable and observes whether any
changes occur in a(n) ________ variable as a result.
A control group consists of subjects who
Do not receive the special treatment given to the experimental group
A measurement of some aspect of the subject’s
behavior after the experimental manipulation is called a(n) ___________
A researcher wants to determine whether diet causes children to learn better in
school. In this study, the independent variable is
The type of diet
The logic of the experimental method rests
heavily on the assumption that
Experimental and control groups are alike in all important matter except for the independent variable
A correlation exists when
Two variables are related to each other
In a case study
An individual participant is studied in depth
Suppose a researcher gave you a form to fill out about your attitudes on abortion, school prayer, and drug legalization. This researcher is using which of the following research methods
Which of the following ideas is not central to
the concept of personality?
a. Consistency across situations
b. Traits that are shared with others
c. Distinctiveness of an individual
d. A unique collection of traits possessed by an individual
Traits that are shared with other
Unconscious mental processes
In psychoanalytic theory, the personality
component that operates according to the pleasure principle is the
Central to the Freudian conceptualization of personality is
How people cope with their own sexual and aggressive urges
A witness to a brutal murder has trouble
remembering any details of the crime. According to Freud, which defense
mechanism is at work in this example?
What is the correct order of Freud's pyschosexual stages?
Which of the following theoretical orientations asserts that scientific psychology should focus on the study of observable behavior?
Who discovered classical conditioning
In classical conditioning, the unconditioned response is a(n) _______ reaction to an unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioning of complex behaviors can be accomplished through
Which of the following is NOT an assumption
underlying the humanistic approach to personality?
a. Human nature includes an innate drive toward
b. Humans are largely conscious and rational beings
c. Individuals have the freedom to chart their
courses of action
d. People tend to engage in behaviors that have been rewarded in the past.
People tend to engage in behaviors that have been rewarded in the past.
Which of the following individuals based his theory on the importance of the self concept?
a. Abraham Maslow
b. Carl Rogers
c. Sigmund Freud
d. Hans Eysenck
The humanistic theorist who emphasized the need for self-actualization and the hierarchical organization of needs was
____________ test requires people to respond to ambiguous stimuli. Inferences about needs, emotions, and personal traits are drawn from the responses.
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