Psychology Midterm - First set

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cwolf82
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271661
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Psychology Midterm - First set
Updated:
2014-04-23 18:36:09
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MIdterm Psychology
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Psychology
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Study first.
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  1. Modern technology has provided us with many
    time-saving devices, but …
    We still complain about not having enough time
  2. ____________refers to the idea that
    technological advances have NOT led to perceptible improvement in our
    collective health and happiness.
    The paradox of progress
  3. Many theorists believe that the basic challenge
    of modern life has become the search for
    Meaning or a sense of direction
  4. What is the best definition of psychology?
    The study of behavior and the profession that applies knowledge from the studies to solving practical problems.
  5. What is the best example of "overt" activity?
    Reasoning
  6. The term _______________ refers to the
    psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands
    and challenges of everyday life.
    Adjustment
  7. An experiment is a research method in which the
    investigator manipulates the ____________ variable and observes whether any
    changes occur in a(n) ________ variable as a result.
    Independent; dependent
  8. A control group consists of subjects who
    Do not receive the special treatment given to the experimental group
  9. A measurement of some aspect of the subject’s
    behavior after the experimental manipulation is called a(n) ___________
    variable.
    Dependent
  10. A researcher wants to determine whether diet causes children to learn better in
    school. In this study, the independent variable is
    The type of diet
  11. The logic of the experimental method rests
    heavily on the assumption that
    Experimental and control groups are alike in all important matter except for the independent variable
  12. A correlation exists when
    Two variables are related to each other
  13. In a case study
    An individual participant is studied in depth
  14. Suppose a researcher gave you a form to fill out about your attitudes on abortion, school prayer, and drug legalization. This researcher is using which of the following research methods
    Survey
  15. Which of the following ideas is not central to
    the concept of personality?

    a.  Consistency across situations
    b.  Traits that are shared with others
    c.  Distinctiveness of an individual
    d.  A unique collection of traits possessed by an individual
    Traits that are shared with other
  16. Psychodynamic theories
    Unconscious mental processes
  17. In psychoanalytic theory, the personality
    component that operates according to the pleasure principle is the
    id
  18. Central to the Freudian conceptualization of personality is
    How people cope with their own sexual and aggressive urges
  19. A witness to a brutal murder has trouble
    remembering any details of the crime. According to Freud, which defense
    mechanism is at work in this example?
    Repression
  20. What is the correct order of Freud's pyschosexual stages?
    • Oral 
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency
    • Genital
  21. Which of the following theoretical orientations asserts that scientific psychology should focus on the study of observable behavior?

    a.  Humanism
    b.  Behaviorism
    c.  Psychoanalysis
    d. Structuralism
    Behaviorism
  22. Who discovered classical conditioning
    Ivan Pavlov
  23. In classical conditioning, the unconditioned response is a(n) _______ reaction to an unconditioned stimulus.
    Unlearned
  24. Conditioning of complex behaviors can be accomplished through
    Shaping
  25. Which of the following is NOT an assumption
    underlying the humanistic approach to personality?

    a.  Human nature includes an innate drive toward
    personal growth
    b.  Humans are largely conscious and rational beings
    c.  Individuals have the freedom to chart their
    courses of action
    d.  People tend to engage in behaviors that have been rewarded in the past.
    People tend to engage in behaviors that have been rewarded in the past.
  26. Which of the following individuals based his theory on the importance of the self concept?

    a.  Abraham Maslow
    b.  Carl Rogers
    c.  Sigmund Freud
    d.  Hans Eysenck
    Carl Rogers
  27. The humanistic theorist who emphasized the need for self-actualization and the hierarchical organization of needs was
    Abraham Maslow
  28. ____________ test requires people to respond to ambiguous stimuli. Inferences about needs, emotions, and personal traits are drawn from the responses.
    A projective

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