Psychology of Emotion CH 5-6

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cfish4448
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271678
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Psychology of Emotion CH 5-6
Updated:
2014-04-23 20:18:21
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Emotion
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Emotion Terms
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  1. an area within the brain's temporal lobe, necessary for fear conditioning and thought to facilitate the consolidation of emotional episodic memories
    Amygdala
  2. a neurotransmitter that serves as the body's natural painkiller, and may be involved in feelings of emotional pain
    Beta Endorphin
  3. the main neurotransmitter in the brain's reward circuit, as well as in cognitive and motor areas
    Dopamine
  4. a technique that measures electrical potentials (or "charges") generated by neurons when they depolarize
    Electroencephalography (EEG)
  5. rapid changes in the EEG signal in response to particular stimuli
    Event-Related Potentials
  6. a procedure in which one learns that a new stimulus, such as a tone or color, predicts an electrical shock or other aversive event
    Fear Conditioning
  7. a technique that measures changes in blood flow as a way of assessing where neurons have recently been active
    Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
  8. a structure attached to the amygdala, believed to mediate the formation of episodic memories for particular events
    Hippocampus
  9. the body's ability to maintain acceptable levels of temperature, blood chemistry, hydration, and other factors
    Homeostasis
  10. a structure located just above the brain stem and below the thalamus; directs the activities of the autonomic nervous system and pituitary gland
    Hypothalamus
  11. a region of the cortex tucked between the temporal and parietal lobes; thought to mediate the experience of visceral sensations
    Insular Cortex, or "insula"
  12. a pattern of emotional changes accompanying removal of both anterior temporal lobes, including the amygdala
    Kluver-Bucy Syndrome (KBS)
  13. a technique that studies the behaviors of individuals with damage to specific parts of the brain, whether experimentally induced or due to trauma or degenerative disease
    Lesion Method
  14. the chemicals used by neurons to communicate with each other
    Neurotransmitters
  15. a structure in the reward circuit of the brain; especially responsive to the magnitude of a possible reward
    Nucleus Accumbens
  16. the region forward of the motor and premotor areas of the frontal cortex, associated with advanced cognitive functions as well as some emotion-related processes
    Prefrontal Cortex
  17. a class of anti-depressant medications; interfere with the reuptake of serotonin from the synapses
    Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
  18. a neurotransmitter involved in many sensory, cognitive, and emotional processes; low levels may be linked to depression and aggression
    Serotonin
  19. a model that divides the brain into three regions: one for sensory, survival and reflex actions; one for "mammalian" emotion; and a neocortex responsible for complex cognition and reasoning
    Triune Brain Model
  20. a part of the brain's reward circuit; one place where dopamine is manufactured
    Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA)
  21. the region of the prefrontal cortex just above the bone encasing the eyes; thought to mediate the use of emotion in decision making
    Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex (VMPFC)
  22. directing one's attention away from stimuli and thoughts likely to elicit unwanted emotions
    Attentional Control
  23. the "release" of strong emotions by experiencing and expressing them fully
    Catharsis
  24. changing the way we attend to or think about a situation, in order to encourage some emotions and/or deter others
    Cognition-Focused Strategies
  25. changing the way we think about a particular situation in order to control emotional experience
    Cognitive Reappraisal
  26. changing the way one thinks about a major emotional issue or frequently occurring situation - a frequent goal in therapies for mood disorders like depression and anxiety
    Cognitive Restructuring
  27. the ways that people reduce negative emotion after a stressful event
    Coping
  28. the appraised meaning of some event in terms of one's relationship with the environment, thought to lead to experience of a "basic" emotion
    Core Relational Theme
  29. a task in which participants indicate the location of dots replacing emotional or neutral stimuli; used to measure attentional control
    Dot-Probe Task
  30. psychological regulation strategies that, according to Sigmund Freud, serve to resolve the tension between the id and the superego, and keep disturbing wishes and desires hidden from consciousness
    Ego Defense Mechanisms
  31. the strategies we use to control which emotions we have, when we have them, and how strongly we experience and express them
    Emotion Regulation
  32. effortful control over cognitive processes such as attention, working memory, and planning
    Executive Control
  33. focusing on positive aspects of negative or challenging situations
    Positive Reappraisal
  34. a model that organizes emotion regulation strategies according to their place in the emotion process itself
    Process Model of Emotion Regulation
  35. dealing with a stressor by exposing yourself to milder versions of the stressful events
    Psychological Inoculation
  36. recovering relatively well or easily from negative events
    Resilience
  37. trying to change aspects of emotional responding, once the emotion has already occurred
    Response-Focused Strategies
  38. thinking continuously about a problem for a long period of time, focusing on negative aspects of the situation instead of possible solutions
    Rumination
  39. controlling the situation we are in, either by choosing to be in one situation rather than another, or by changing the situation
    Situation-Focused Strategies
  40. taking steps to change a situation, typically to improve it
    Situation Modification
  41. deciding whether or not to enter a situation that is likely to elicit a particular emotion
    Situation Selection
  42. attempting to block the behavioral expression of an emotion, such as a facial expression
    Suppressing Emotional Expressions

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