Chapter 25 Face and Neck Injuries

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Chapter 25 Face and Neck Injuries
2014-04-24 23:24:44
Chapter 25 Face Neck Injuries

Chapter 25 Face and Neck Injuries
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  1. The head is divided into what two things?
    • face
    • cranium
  2. The most posterior portion of the cranium is called the:
  3. Between the temporal regions and the occiput lie the ____ regions.
  4. Anterior to the ear, in the temporal region, you can feel the pulse of the:
    superficial temporal artery.
  5. The six major bones of the face include:
    • Nasal bone
    • Two zygomas
    • Two maxillae
    • Mandible
  6. The orbit of the eye is composed of (four things):
    • Lower edge of the frontal bone of the skull
    • Zygoma
    • Maxilla
    • Nasal bone
  7. Only the proximal ____ of the nose is formed by bone.
  8. The external, visible part of the ear is called the:
  9. The ____ is a small, rounded, fleshy bulge immediately anterior to the ear canal.
  10. The superficial temporal artery can be palpated just anterior to the:
  11. About 1″ posterior to the external opening of the ear is the:
    mastoid process.
  12. Motion of the mandible occurs at the ____ joint, which lies just in front of the ear on either side of the face.
  13. The Adam’s apple is the upper part of the ____ that is formed by the ____ cartilage.
    • larynx
    • thyroid
  14. Below the thyroid cartilage is a a firm ridge of cartilage called the ____ cartilage.
  15. ____ membrane
    -Lies between the thyroid cartilage and the cricoid cartilage
    -Soft depression in the midline of the neck
    -A thin sheet of connective tissue that joins the two cartilages
  16. Below the larynx in the anterior midline of the neck, the ____ connects the oropharynx and the larynx with the main passages of the lungs (the bronchi).
  17. On either side of the lower larynx and the upper trachea lies the:
    thyroid gland.
  18. ____ muscles
    -Originate from the mastoid process of the cranium and insert into the medial border of each collarbone and the sternum at the base of the neck
    -Allow movement of the head
  19. Clear, jellylike fluid near the back of the eye is called the:
    vitreous humor.
  20. In front of the lens is a clear fluid called the:
    aqueous humor.
  21. Membrane that covers the eye.
  22. The ____ is the white, fibrous tissue that helps maintain the globular shape and protects the more delicate inner structures.
  23. On the front of the eye, the sclera is replaced by a clear, transparent membrane called the:
  24. Allows light to enter the eye
  25. The ____ is a circular muscle behind the cornea that acts like a camera to adjust the size of the opening to regulate the amount of light that enters the eye.
  26. The opening in the center of the iris.
  27. A condition in which a person is born with different-sized pupils.
  28. The ____ lies behind the iris which focuses images on the retina at the back of the globe.
  29. The ____ contains nerve endings, which respond to light by transmitting nerve impulses through the optic nerve to the brain.
  30. The retina is nourished by a layer of blood vessels between it and the back of the globe called the:
  31. Surgery and/or restoration of circulation to the eye will need to be accomplished within __ minutes or permanent blindness may result.
  32. Always flush eyes from the nose side of the eye toward the ____ to avoid flushing material into the other eye.
  33. If you see a foreign object on the surface of the eyelid, you may be able to remove it with a:
    moist, sterile, cotton-tipped applicator.
  34. In the event of a chemical burn, irrigate the eye for at least _ minutes.
  35. If a burn to the eye was caused by an alkali or a strong acid, you should irrigate the eye for at least __ minutes.
  36. bleeding into the anterior chamber of the eye
  37. In general, do not attempt to remove contact lenses.  The only exception is for ____ burns.
  38. To remove a hard contact lens, use a small ____ ____, moistening the end with saline.
    suction cup
  39. epistaxis
  40. If CSF is present, the blood will be surrounded by a lighter ring of fluid (____ test).
  41. Another name for the pinna
  42. tympanic membrane
  43. Three small bones of the middle ear
    • hammer
    • anvil
    • stirrup
  44. The middle ear is connected to the nasal cavity by the ____ ____, which is the internal auditory canal.
    eustachian tube
  45. Plastic surgeons can repair the damage to the face and mouth if the injuries are treated within:
    7 to 10 days
  46. Reimplantation of teeth is recommended within:
    20 minutes to 1 hour after the trauma.
  47. Injuries to the carotid and jugular veins in the neck can cause the body to bleed out, also known as:
  48. The MOST significant complication associated with facial injuries is:
    A. mandibular immobility.
    B. airway compromise.
    C. cervical spine injury.
    D. damage to the eyes.
    B. airway compromise.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)