What did each Country Want in the Balkans?
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Which empire was declining which meant that lots of land and independence was up for grabs?
The Ottoman Empire
What did many nationalists in the Balkans want?
Independance from the Austro-Hungarian rule
Lots of nationalist independence movements, including several million Serbs who wanted to join Serbia.
They were worried about the Ottoman decline, as well as the expansion of Russian influence.
Austria-Hungary's control over Bosnia-Herzegovina was against Russian wishes but supported by Germany
She wanted sea access to the Mediterranean through the Dardanelles and therefore needed friendly countries in control there
Saw opportunities to do well out of the Ottoman decline
Keen to promote Slav nationalism - (Russia had lots of Slavs)
Objected to Austria-Hungary's control over Bosnia-Herzegovina
Serbia looked to Russia for support.
It was the Turkish empire with a lot of land
Controlled the Dardanelles which was a crucial shipping centre
Britain backed the Ottoman empire to stop Russia getting an access route into the Mediterranean
European territories wanted to break free from Ottoman control
Very weak, poor and corrupt
Quick summary into the background of the Balklans
Slav territories wanted independence
Russia encouraged Slav independence to gain sea access and to increase their own influence
Austria-Hungary tried to stop Slav independance
Ottomans tried to keep hold of their European territories
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