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What year was it introduced?
Why was this needed?
In 1949 the population stood at 500m, the birth rate was needed to decrease due to China's scarily fast growing population
How do they implement this?
- In factories you must be given permission to try for a child
- Women must receive planning training
- Women must have passed written tests
- Women must be over 24 to marry
- Men must be over 28 to marry
- Neighbours have been told to inform on suspected second children
- Only 1 certificate is given out, if you lose it then tough
They're more lenient in more rural areas where strong men are needed, also if your first child is disabled ect
- Free health care and nursery place
- You will receive a 'One Child Glory' certificate
- Free contraception ect available
- Cast fines of £800, ie a year's wages
- Compulsory sterilisation for couples with 2
- Rice rations not avaliable for 2nd child
- Won't recieve free nursery or school place or health care
- Socially ostracised by the local commumity
Future problems of the One Child Policy
- Lots of children will have to look after an ageing population
- Babies are abandoned on the street, especially female babies
- Loads more females to males
- Ratio is 116 females :100 males
- 'Little Emperor' Syndrome is also a problem
BUT, is it working?
- YES, fertility rate has fallen from 6 in the 1970's to 1.6 today
- Prevented an additional 300m people!
- SO THE POPULATION TODAY IS 1.3B RATHER THAN 1.55B, SUCSESS!?
Don't forget to use GREAT stats and figures, give both sides of the argument + SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMIC