EMS Exam 5 vocab

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  1. An emergency move that consists of the rescuer grasping the patient's arms from behind; used to remove a patient from a hazardous place.
    arm-to-arm drag
  2. An emergency move in which a rescuer encloses a patient in a blanket and drags the patient to safety.
    blanket drag
  3. A neck brace that partially stabilizes the neck following injury.
    cervical collar
  4. An emergency move used to remove a patient from a hazardous environment; performed by grasping the patient's clothes and moving the patient head first from the unsafe area.
    clothes drag
  5. A one-rescuer patient movement technique used primarily for children; the patient is cradled in the hollow formed by the rescuer's arms and chest.
    cradle-in-arms carry
  6. The arms and legs.
  7. A method of moving a patient without lifting or carrying him or her; used when the patient is heavier than the rescuer.
    fire fighter drag
  8. A technique used to move a patient onto a long backboard.
    log rolling
  9. A method used if the patient is able to bear his or her own weight.
    one-person walking assist
  10. A one-person carry that allows the rescuer to carry a patient while keeping one hand free.
    pack-strap carry
  11. A lightweight nonwheeled device for transporting a patient; used in small spaces where the wheeled ambulance stretcher cannot be used.
    portable stretcher
  12. A sidelying position that helps an unconscious patient maintain an open airway.
    recovery position
  13. A firm device used to carry a patient; can be split into halves and applied to the patient from both sides.
    scoop stretcher
  14. A small portable device used for transporting a patient in a sitting position.
    stair chair
  15. A method used to place a patient on a backboard if there is not enough space to perform a log roll.
    straddle lift
  16. A method of placing a patient on a long backboard by straddling both the board and patient and sliding the patient onto the board.
    straddle slide
  17. A method of carrying a patient in which two rescuers use a chair to support the weight of the patient.
    two-person chair carry
  18. A method of carrying a patient out of tight quarters using two rescuers and no equipment.
    two-person extremity carry
  19. A method of carrying a patient in which two rescuers link arms behind the patient's back and under the patient's knees; requires no equipment.
    two-person seat carry
  20. A method used when a patient cannot bear his or her own weight; two rescuers completely support the patient.
    two-person walking assist
  21. Warning devices or flares that burn with a red color; usually used in scene protection atmotor vehicle crash sites.
  22. A bubble of air obstructing a blood vessel.
    air embolism
  23. A piece of wood or metal placed in front of or behind a wheel to prevent vehicle movement.
  24. A condition seen in divers in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels, obstructing them.
    decompression sickness (the bends)
  25. Removal from a difficult situation or position; removal of a patient from a wrecked vehicle or other place of entrapment.
  26. A life ring, life buoy, or other floating device used in water rescue.
    flotation device
  27. A concept of emergency patient care that attempts to place a trauma patient into definitive medical care in the shortest period of time to achieve the best possible outcome.
    Golden Period
  28. Substances that are toxic, poisonous, radioactive, flammable, or explosive and can cause injury or death with exposure.
    hazardous materials (HazMat)
  29. A four-step reminder of the sequence of actions that should be taken in water rescue situations.
  30. A water rescue device consisting of a small cloth bag and a waterproof rope used for rescuing people from the water.
    rescue throw bag
  31. Unusually strong surface currents flowing outward from a seashore that can carry swimmers "out to sea."
  32. Safety glass that breaks into small pieces when hit with a sharp, pointed object.
    tempered glass
  33. Wooden 2" × 4" or 4" × 4" boards used for stabilization or bracing.
    wooden cribbing
  34. Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that might be used by terrorists to intentionally cause epidemics of disease.
    biologic agents
  35. Chemicals that cause the skin to blister.
    blister agents
  36. The sorting of patients for treatment and transportation.
    casualty sorting
  37. Compounds that can be used by terrorists to inflict harm.
    chemical agents
  38. The control area that contains the command post and other support functions needed in the incident.
    cold zone
  39. The process of reducing or preventing the spread of contaminants at a hazardous materials event.
  40. An explosive device using conventional explosives that is designed to disperse radioactive material over a wide area.
    dirty bomb
  41. Substances that release energy in a sudden and uncontrolled manner when detonated.
  42. Substances that are toxic, poisonous, radioactive, flammable, or explosive and can cause injury or death with exposure.
    hazardous materials (HazMat)
  43. A contaminated area.
    hot zone
  44. An appliance designed to start fires.
    incendiary device
  45. A set of people, procedures, and equipment designed to improve emergency response operations at situations of all types and complexities.
    incident command system (ICS)
  46. The time from exposure to a disease organism to the time the person begins to show symptoms of the disease.
    incubation period
  47. Chemicals that are formulated to kill insects, but can intentionally or accidentally cause injury or death to humans.
  48. Substances that are intended to produce injury or death by disrupting chemical reactions at the cellular level.
    metabolic agents
  49. Accidents or situations involving more patients than you can handle with the initial resources available.
    multiple-casualty incidents (mass-casualty incidents)
  50. The structure for managing an emergency incident, which may require a response of many different agencies; designed to provide efficient and effective management from initial response through recovery.
    National Incident Management System (NIMS)
  51. Toxic substances that attack the central nervous system.
    nerve agents
  52. Substances that produce respiratory distress or illness.
    pulmonary agents
  53. The electromagnetic energy that is released from a radioactive material or a dirty bomb
  54. A system of casualty sorting using Simple Triage And Rapid Treatment.
    START triage
  55. A systematic use of violence to intimidate or to achieve a goal.
  56. The sorting of patients into groups according to the severity of their injuries; used to determine priorities for treatment and transport.
  57. The control area where personnel and equipment decontamination and hot zone support take place.
    warm zone
  58. Any agent designed to bring about mass death, casualties, and/or massive damage to property and infrastructure (bridges, tunnels, airports, electrical power plants, and seaports).
    weapon of mass destruction (WMD)
Card Set
EMS Exam 5 vocab
ch 18-21
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