Card Set Information
the study of knowledge
the study of reality
The study of what is reasonably deemed right and wrong
Actions are deemed right or wrong depending on whether they follow certain rules.
Individuals become good or bad based on the type of actions that they take.
a set of claims put forward to show that a further set of claims are rationally acceptable.
the set of claims put forward to prove an argument.
a claim that is being shown as rationally acceptable in an argument.
evidence that is not explicit.
The form of the argument means that true premises will lead to a true conclusion.
a valid argument with true premises.
a form of argument where the premises do not ensure the truth of the conclusion.
Claim ignorance, find an expert, ask questions, and look for universal truths.
The Euthyphro Dilemma
Is it good because the gods love it, or do the gods love it because it is good?
Happiness (for Aristotle)
the only end in itself.
Vulgar Happiness (for Aristotle)
Fulfillment of bodily desires.
Social Happiness (for Aristotle)
Fulfillment through interactions with others.
Contemplative Happiness (for Aristotle)
Fulfillment through thought and reason.
virtue that can be taught (mathematics, science, reading)
a good habit gained through practice.
The Golden Mean
the perfect balance in a given situation dictated by reason.
Consequences are morally relevant.
Everyone should act in their own self interest.
Everyone acts in their own self interest.
Maximize individual happiness.
Maximize individual happiness by evaluating every case in context.
Maximize individual happiness by following rules.
Actual Rule Utilitarianism
Maximize individual happiness by following existing rules that aim to create happiness.
Ideal Rule Utilitarianism
Maximize individual happiness by creating perfect rules.
Tyranny of the majority
When the majority exercises influence over individuals through disapproval or enforcement of limitations.
The Harm Principle
Everyone should be allowed to pursue their own happiness however they see fit as long as they do not harm others.
Knowledge comes from reason.
Knowledge comes from experience.
Good Will (for Kant)
The only thing good in itself
The Categorical Imperative
Act in such a way that the maxim of your action could be a universal law.
The Naturalistic Fallacy
Defining good in terms of other natural objects.
the application of general ethical principles to particular cases of conscience or conduct.
a unit of language that cannot be broken down that is either true or false.
a combination of simple phrases that, when combined, are either true or false.
The thing that acts, creates, plans, or produces.
The thing which is acted upon and manipulated by outside forces.
The equality of women can be obtained by giving women equal legal rights and protections.
The equality of women can be obtained by recognizing womens epistemological advantage.
The equality of women can only be obtained by tearing down old patriarchal institutions and replacing them with new ones.