FREAKING ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

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SkinCareSpecialist
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271938
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FREAKING ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Updated:
2014-04-25 21:17:28
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CHAPTER SIX
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ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER SIX FUNDAMENTALS
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  1. controls the body
    brain
  2. controls the body's vision
    eyes
  3. circulates the blood
    heart
  4. excrete water and waste products
    kidneys
  5. supply oxygen to the blood
    lungs
  6. removes waste created by digestion
    liver
  7. external protective coating that covers the body
    skin
  8. digests food, along with the intestines
    stomach
  9. digests food, along with the stomach
    intestines
  10. bones of the skull
    ethmoid   sphenoid   frontal   parietal   occipital   temporal
  11. bones of the face
    nasal conchae   lacrimal   nasal   zygomatic   vomer   maxillary   mandible
  12. what are the three parts of a muscle
    origin   belly   insertion
  13. what is the broad muscle that covers the top of the skull?
    epicranius    aka:  occipitofrontalis
  14. what muscle is at the back of the epicranius and draws the scalp backward?
    occipitalis
  15. what muscle is the anterior (front) portion of the epicranius that raises the eyebrows
    frontalis
  16. what are the four muscles of mastication (chewing muscles)
    masseter   temporalis   medial pterygoid   lateral pterygoid
  17. what muscle extends from the chest and shoulder to the side of the chin... it's responsible for lowering the lower jaw and lip?
    platysma
  18. what muscle extends along the side of the neck from the ear to the collarbone... acts to rotate the head from side to side and up and down?
    sternocleidomastoid
  19. what muscle is located beneath the frontalis and orbicularis oculi... it draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the forehead vertically?
    corrugator
  20. what muscle is the ring of the eye socket, it closes the eye?
    orbicularis oculi
  21. what muscle lowers the eyebrow and causes wrinkles across the bridge of the nose?
    procerus
  22. what muscles turn the hand inward so that the palm faces downward?
    pronators
  23. what muscle rotates the radius outward and the palm upward?
    supinator
  24. there are ______ nerve cells, known as neurons in the body.
    over a 100 billion
  25. _______ consists of the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves.  It controls consciousness and many mental activities, voluntary funtions of the five senses and voluntary muscle action including all body movements and facial expressions.
    central nervous system
  26. what is the primary structural unit of the nervous system... it is composed of a cell body and nucleus; dendrites and an axon?
    neuron
  27. what is the chief sensory nerve of the face, and it serves as the motor nerve of the muscles that control chewing?
    fifth cranial nerve
  28. what are the three branches of the fifth cranial nerve?
    opthalmic   mandibular   maxillary
  29. what controls the steady curculation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels?
    cirulatory system
  30. what carries waste and impurities away from cells and protects the body from disease?
    lymphatic/immune system
  31. what is a group of specialized glands that affect the growth, development, sexual activities, and health of the entire body?
    endocrine system
  32. what is responsible for changing food into nutrients and waste?
    digestive system
  33. what is responsible for purifying the body by eliminating waste matter?
    excretory system
  34. what includes the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina in females... the testes, prostate gland, penis, and the urethra in males... it produces estrogen for women and testosterone for men.
    reproductive system
  35. muscles of the face
    mentalis   depressor anguli oris   depressor labii inferioris   masseter   buccinator   levator labii superioris   orbicularis oculi   temporalis   corrugator   frontalis   procerus   temporalis   nasalis   levator anguli   zygomaticus (minor and major)   levator anguli oris   risorius   orbicularis oris   platysma

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