Chapter 28 Abdominal and Genitourinary Injuries

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hiker0001
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271945
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Chapter 28 Abdominal and Genitourinary Injuries
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2014-04-26 01:22:54
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Chapter 28 Abdominal Genitourinary Injuries
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Chapter 28 Abdominal and Genitourinary Injuries
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  1. The abdomen is the major body cavity, extending from the ____ to the ____.
    • diaphragm
    • pelvis
  2. Four organs commonly found in the RUQ:
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Duodenum of the intestines
    • Small portion of the pancreas
  3. Two organs found in the LUQ:
    • Stomach
    • Spleen
  4. Two organs found in the LLQ:
    • The descending colon
    • The left half of the transverse colon
  5. Two organs found in the RLQ:
    • Large and small intestines - the ascending colon and the right half of the transverse colon
    • The appendix
  6. When ruptured or lacerated, the contents of the hollow organs spill into the ____ cavity causing and inflammation called ____.
    • peritoneal
    • peritonitis
  7. The small intestine is composed of the (three things):
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • ileum
  8. Large intestine consists of the (three things):
    • cecum
    • colon
    • rectum
  9. Intestinal blood supply comes from the ____.
    mesentery
  10. Connects the small intestine to the posterior of the abdominal wall
    mesentery
  11. Cullen sign
    periumbilical bruising
  12. Liver and spleen injuries refer pain to the ____; called ____ sign.
    • shoulder
    • Kehr
  13. Tearing pain from the abdomen posteriorly may be:
    dissected aneurysm.
  14. Pain following the angle from the lateral hip to the midline of the groin can be the result of damage to the (two things):
    • kidneys
    • ureters
  15. Often a jarring motion (rebound tenderness or ____ sign) will alert the patient to the peritonitis.
    Blumberg
  16. Conscious or unintentional stiffening of the muscles of the surface of the abdomen to avoid further pain.
    Guarding
  17. Injuries caused by handheld or hand-powered objects, such as knives and other edged weapons
    Low-velocity
  18. Injuries caused by smaller caliber handguns and shotguns
    Medium-velocity
  19. Injuries caused by larger weapons, such as high-powered rifles and higher-powered handguns
    High-velocity
  20. Bruises around the umbilicus, called the ____ sign, are predictive of significant internal abdominal bleeding.
    Cullen
  21. A common finding during assessment of patients with an injured liver is the ____ sign (left shoulder pain caused by blood in the peritoneal cavity).
    Kehr
  22. black tarry stools
    melena
  23. Use the term ____ if you cannot hear the bowel sounds.
    hypoactive
  24. Use the term ____ if you hear a lot of gurgling and the sounds of gas moving about frequently.
    hyperactive
  25. The most common sign of significant abdominal injury is:
    tachycardia
  26. When used alone, diagonal shoulder safety belts can cause all of the following EXCEPT:
    A. a bruised chest.
    B. decapitation.
    C. a ruptured appendix.
    D. a lacerated liver.
    C. a ruptured appendix.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Because of supine hypotensive syndrome, a pregnant patient should be placed in what position when a backboard is not necessary?
    A. on her right side
    B. on her left side
    C. on her back with her head up
    D. on her back with her feet up
    B. on her left side
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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