Endocrine Vocab 2

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  1. Study of the endocrine glands and system
  2. Excess sugar in the urine
  3. A small gland in the brain. It's function in humans is not  clear, but it seems to regulate behavior and sexual development in response to light
    Pineal gland
  4. Primary organ involved with DM, produce two hormones- insulin and glucagons- to regulate glucose levels in body
  5. Alpha cells in the islets of Langerhans produce glucagon's, prevents blood glucose from decreasing below certain levels
  6. Abrupt increases in fasting levels of blood glucose levels between 5am and 8-9am happens in diabetics taking Insulin therapy. Cause unknown may be because of night time release of growth hormone.
    Dawn Phenonemon
  7. A hormone made from lipids and including the sex hormones and the hormones of the adrenal cortex
    Steroid hormone
  8. Hormone that cause development of corpus luteum at site of ruptured ovarian follicles, stimulates growth of testes, promotes development of sperm cells.
    luteinizing hormone (LH)
  9. The specific tissue of which a hormone acts; may also be referred to as the target organ
    Target tissue
  10. Irritability and spasms of muscles; may be caused by low blood calcium and other factors
  11. Acidosis (increased acidity of body fluids) caused by an excess of Ketone bodies as in DM
  12. A condition resulting from an overdose of insulin causing hypoglycemia
    Insulin shock
  13. An autoimmune disease resulting in hyperthyroidism. A prominent symptom is exophthalmos
    Graves disease
  14. Insufficient insulin production usually older people but can be any age, usually control glucose with diet and or oral antidiabetic medications
    Type II Diabetes
  15. Enlargement of the thyroid gland. May be toxic or nontoxic
  16. Protrusion of the eyeballs as seen in Grave's disease
  17. A disorder of glucose metabolism caused by deficiency of insulin production or failure of the tissues to respond to insulin, Type I is juvenile onset or adult insulin dependence Type II is non insulin dependence
    diabetes mellitus
  18. Not DM a disorder caused by insufficient release of ADH from the posterior pituitary. It results in excessive thirst and production of large amounts of very dilute urine
    diabetes insipidus
  19. A disease resulting from deficiency of adrenocortical hormones. It is marked by darkening of the skin, weakness and alterations in salt and water balances
    Addison disease
  20. A site on the cell membrane to which a substance such as a hormone attaches
  21. A group of hormones produced throughout the body that have a variety of effects including stimulation of uterine contractions and regulation of BP blood clotting and inflammation
  22. A life threatening illness occurring in type I diabetics, hyperglycemia and coma happen, treat with fluids for dehydration insulin to decrease glucose and ketone levels
    Diabetic Ketoacidosis
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Endocrine Vocab 2
2014-04-26 13:20:36

PNE 162 endocrine vocab list 2
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