Gross Anatomy- Major Features

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Author:
glparker86
ID:
272024
Filename:
Gross Anatomy- Major Features
Updated:
2014-04-26 19:04:13
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Gross
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Description:
General Features of the Skeletal System
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  1. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Main portion
    Body
  2. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Enlarged (often rounded ) end
    Head
  3. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Constricted area (between head and body)
    Neck
  4. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Edge
    Margin or Border
  5. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Bend
    Angle
  6. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Branch off the body ( Beyond the angle)
    Ramus
  7. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Smooth , rounded articular surface
    Condyle
  8. Classification : Major Feature 
    -Small , flattened articular surface
    Facet
  9. Classification : Ridges
    -Low ridge
    Line or Linea
  10. Classification : Ridges
    -Prominent Ridge
    Crest or Crista
  11. Classification : Ridges
    -Very high Ridge
    Spine
  12. Classification : Projections
    -Prominent Projection
    Process
  13. Classification : Projections
    -Small , rounded process
    Tubercle
  14. Classification : Projections
    -Knoblike process ;usually larger than a tubercle
    Tuberosity or Tuber
  15. Classification : Projections
    -Larger tuberosity found only on the proximal femur
    Trochanter
  16. Classification : Projections
    -Near or above a condyle
    Epicondyle
  17. Classification : Projections
    -Flat , tongue shaped process
    Lingula
  18. Classification : Projections
    -Hook-shaped process
    Hamulus
  19. Classification : Projections
    -Horn-shaped process
    Cornu
  20. Classification : Openings
    -Hole
    Foramen
  21. Classification : Openings
    -Conveys blood vessels supplying the bone itself
    Nutrient foramen
  22. Classification : Openings
    -Tunnel
    Canal or meatus
  23. Classification : Openings
    -Cleft
    Fissure
  24. Classification : Openings
    -Cavity
    Sinus or Labryinth
  25. Classification : Depressions
    -General term for a depression
    Fossa
  26. Classification : Depressions
    -Identification made by a specific structure
    Impression
  27. Classification : Depressions
    -Depression in the margin of a bone
    Notch
  28. Classification : Depressions
    -Little Pit
    Fovea
  29. Classification : Depressions
    -Deeper , narrow depression
    Groove or Sulcus
  30. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Roof
    Frontal
  31. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Roof and lateral wall
    Sphenoid
  32. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Lateral Wall
    Zygomatic
  33. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Floor
    Maxilla
  34. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Floor
    Lacrimal
  35. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Medial wall
    Ethmoid
  36. Classification : Bones forming orbit
    -Medial Wall
    Palatine
  37. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Disk shaped , usually largest portion with flat surfaces directed superiorly and inferiorly ; forms the anterior wall of the vertebral foramen; intervertebral disks are located between bodies
    Body
  38. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Portion surrounding the lateral and posterior portions of the vertebral foramen
    Arch
  39. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Foot of the arch with one on each side ; forms the lateral walls of the vertebral foramen
    Pedicle
  40. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Dorsal or posterior portion of the arch ; forms the posterior wall of the vertebral foramen
    Lamina
  41. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Process projecting laterally from the junction of the lamina and pedicle ; a site of muscle attachment.
    Transverse Process
  42. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Process projecting posteriorly at the point where the two laminae join ; a sit of muscle attachment
    Spinous Process
  43. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Superior and inferior projections containing facets where vertebrae articulate with each other ; strengthens the vertebral column and allows movement
    Articular Process
  44. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Hole in each vertebra through which the spinal cored passes ; adjacent vertebral foramina form the vertebral canal
    Vertebral foramen
  45. Classification : General Structure of a Vertebra
    -Opening between vertebrae through which spinal nerves exit the vertebral canal
    Intervertebral foramen
  46. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone : Maxilla
    -Ridge on maxilla containing teeth
    Alveolar process
  47. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Palatine
    Posterior one third of the hard plate
    Horizontal plate
  48. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone : Temporal
    -Depression where the mandible articulates the skull
    Mandibular fossa
  49. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone:Temporal
    -Enlargement posterior to the ear ; attachment site for several muscles that move the head
    Mastoid Process
  50. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Occipital
    Attachment points for several posterior neck muscles
    Nuchal Lines
  51. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Occipital
    Point of articulation between the skull and the vertebral column
    Occipital condyle
  52. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone : Maxilla
    Anterior two thirds of the hard plate
    Palatine process
  53. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bones: Sphenoid
    Hooked process on the inferior end of the medial pterygoid plate , around which the tendon of one palatine muscle passes ; an important dental landmark.
    Pterygoid hamulus
  54. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Sphenoid 
    Bony plates on the inferior aspect of the sphenoid bone ; sites of attachment for two muscles of mastication (chewing)
    Pterygoid Plates (medial and lateral)
  55. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Temporal
    Attachment site for three muscles ( to the tongue ,pharynx , and hyoid bone ) and several ligaments
    Styloid process
  56. Classification : External features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Parietal 
    Where the temporalis muscle , which closes the jaw , attaches
    Temporal lines
  57. Classification : Internal features of Unit Skull
    Bone : Ethmoid
    -Process in the anterior part of the cranial vault to which one of the connective tissue coverings of the brain ( dura mater ) connects
    Crista galli
  58. Classification : Internal features of Unit Skull
    Bone: Temporal
    Thick , inferior portion of temporal bone; contains middle and inner ears and auditory ossicles
    Petrous portion
  59. Classification : Internal features of Unit Skull
    Bone : Sphenoid
    Bony structure resembling a saddle in which the pituitary gland is located
    Sella Turcica
  60. Classification : Mandible
    -Ridge on the mandible containing the teeth
    Alveolar process
  61. Classification : Mandible
    -Posterior , inferior corner of mandible
    Angle
  62. Classification : Mandible
    Attachment point for the temporalis muscle
    Coronoid process
  63. Classification : Mandible
    -Chin (resembles a bent knee)
    Genu
  64. Classification : Mandible
    -Region where the mandible articulates with the skull
    Mandibular Condyle
  65. Classification : Mandible
    -Portion of the mandible superior to the angle
    Ramus

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