Gross Anatomy - Skull Foramina , Fissures, and Canals

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Gross Anatomy - Skull Foramina , Fissures, and Canals
2014-04-26 19:37:45

Skull Foramina , Fissures, and Canals
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  1. Bone: Temporal
    -Carotid artery and carotid sympathetic nerve plexus
    Carotid Canal
  2. Bone : Between frontal and ethmoid 
    -Anterior and posterior ethmoid nerves
    Ethmoid foramina , anterior and posterior
  3. Bone: Temporal 
    -Sound waves enroute to eardrum
    External auditory meatus
  4. Bone : Between temporal , occipital , and sphenoid 
    -None because the foramen is filled with cartilage during life ; casrotid canal and pterygoid canal cross its superior part but do not actually pass through it
    Foramen lacerum
  5. Bone: Occipital 
    Spinal cord , accessory nerves , and vertebral arteries
    Foramen Magnum
  6. Bone: Sphenoid
    -Mandibular division of trigeminal nerve
    Foramen ovale
  7. Bone: Sphenoid 
    -Maxillary division of trigeminal nerve
    Foramen rotundum
  8. Bone : Sphenoid 
    -Middle meningeal artery
    Foramen spinosum
  9. Bone: Occipital 
    -Hypoglossal nerve
    Hypoglossal canal
  10. Bone: Between maxillae 
    -Incisive nerve
    Incisive foramen (canal)
  11. Bone: Between sphenoid and maxilla 
    -Infraorbital nerve and vessels and zygomatic nerve
    Inferior orbital fissure
  12. Bone: Maxilla 
    Infraorbital nerve
    Infraorbital foramen
  13. Bone: Temporal
    -Facial nerve and vestibulocochlear nerve
    Internal auditory meatus
  14. Bone: Between temporal and occipital 
    -Internal jugular vein , glossopharyngeal nerve , vagus nerve , and accessory nerve
    Jugular foramen
  15. Bone: Mandible
    -Inferior alveolar nerve to mandibular teeth
    Mandibular foramen
  16. Bone: Mandible
    -Mental nerve
    Mental foramen
  17. Bone: Between lacrimal and maxilla 
    -Nasolacrimal (tear) duct
    Nasolacrimal canal
  18. Bone: Ethmoid
    -Olfactory Nerves
    Olfactory formaina
  19. Bone : Sphenoid 
    -Optic nerve and ophthalmic artery
    Optic foramen
  20. Bone: Palatine
    -Palatine nerves
    Palatine foramina , anterior , and posterior
  21. Bone: Sphenoid
    Sympathetic and parsympathetic nerves to the face
    Pterygoid Canal
  22. Bone: Between palatine and sphenoid
    -Nasopalatine nerve and sphenopalatine vessels
    Sphenopalatine foramen
  23. Bone: Temporal
    -Facial nerve
    Stylomastoid foramen
  24. Bone : Sphenoid
    -Oculomotor nerve , trochlear nerve , opthalmic division of trigeminal nerve , abducens nerve , and opthalmic veins
    Superior orbital fissure
  25. Bone : Frontal
    -Supraorbital nerve and vessels
    Supraorbital foramen or notch
  26. Bone : Zygomatic 
    -Zygomaticofacial nerve
    Zygomaticofacial foramen
  27. Bone :Zygomatic
    Zygomaticotemporal nerve
    Zygomaticotemporal Foramen