GCSE PE 1.1.5 Personal Health and Well Being

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Author:
HLHSPE
ID:
272093
Filename:
GCSE PE 1.1.5 Personal Health and Well Being
Updated:
2014-04-29 07:19:32
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GCSE PE health exercise diet
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Questions for unit 1.1.5 on exercise and diet.
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  1. What is the definition of basal metabolic rate?
    The energy needed to stay alive, awake and warm at rest.
  2. What three factor affect the total energy requirements of an individual?
    • Age and Gender
    • Body composition
    • Activity Level
  3. What are the 7 components of a balanced diet?
    • Carbohydrates
    • Protein
    • Fat
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Fibre
    • Water
  4. What are the three macronutrients?
    • Protein
    • Fat
    • Carbohydrates
  5. What percentage of a diet should be carbohydrates?
    50-60%
  6. What is the role of vitamin D in our diet?
    Helps the bones absorb calcium.
  7. What energy source is used first during exercise?
    Carbohydrates
  8. Why do we need protein in out diet?
    Helps to grow and repair muscle tissue.
  9. What are the three functions of fat?
    • It provides a slow release of energy
    • It keeps us warm
    • It allows us to absorb vitamins and minerals
  10. What are the two types of cholesterol?
    • High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
    • Low density Lipoprotein (LDL)
  11. What is the role of vitamin C in the diet?
    Keeps skin and gums healthy
  12. What is the role of iron?
    Helps produce red blood cells
  13. How much water should we drink each day?
    At least 2 litres
  14. What is the role of fibre?
    To aid digestion
  15. What is the danger of LDL?
    • High blood pressure
    • Narrows arteries
    • Increased risk of heart disease
  16. What is carbo-loading?
    Increasing the amount of carbohydrates eaten in the build up to an endurance event.
  17. Give three points to explain blood shunting.
    • When you exercise blood is prioritised to the places that need it most.
    • Blood is shunted to the working muscles.
    • When you eat a meal, blood is shunted to the digestive system.
  18. How long should you wait after eating before you exercise?
    2 hours
  19. What should you eat/drink 15 minutes after exercise
    A carbohydrate rich drink.
  20. What is the average calorie intake for a man?
    2500

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