Medterm Final

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hughes7
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272105
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Medterm Final
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2014-04-27 15:23:24
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med term final
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  1. what organ forms urine?? and what structure carries it out of the body?
    the kidneys...and urethra carries it out
  2. micturiton and erythropoieten
    • 1- another word for urination
    • 2-the hormone thats responisble for the production of urination.
  3. a substance that promotes urinary output
    diuretics
  4. reno and nephro refer to the?
    2- what is nephrosis?
    • 1-Kideny
    • 2-inflammation of the kidney
  5. what is juxtaglomerular?
    near the glomerulus.
  6. what is pyel-
    and what is pylectasis??
    it means that its in the renal pelvis. pylectasis is the dialation of the renal pelvis.
  7. calio- and what is caliceal?
    calio is refering to the calyx and the caliceal is pretaining to the renal calyx
  8. uro- what is it and what is urosepsis?
    uro refers to the urinary tract. and urosepsis is an infection that originates in the urinary tract.
  9. urin/o- and what is noturia
    urino refers to urine and noturia is peeing on urself at night
  10. uretero- and what is uretrostenosis
    it refers to the uterer and ureterstenosis is the narrowing of the ureter.
  11. cysto, vesic/o refer to the... and what is cystocele? and intravesical.
    cysto and vesico refers to the urinary bladder. cystocele is a hernia of the bladder and intravesical is in the urinary bladder.
  12. urethro refers to the ...and what is urethotome???
    refers to the urethra and urethrome is a tool used to incise the urethra.

    it expels urine when bladder muscle contracts.
  13. decribe the formation of urination
    blood pressure forces material through the glomerular wall and into the nephron. the filtrate colonists of WESTN. waste and toxins are eliminated while water, electrolytes and nutrients are returned to the blood. the waste is controlled by adh, as far as concentration goes.
  14. what is ANTi diuretic hormone
    hormone from the pituitary gland that is in charge of water re-absorption in the kidneys and concentrating the urine
  15. what is angiotensin
    activated by renin produced in the kidneys and increases the blood pressure.
  16. calyx
    a cup like cavity in the pelvis.
  17. what is diuresis
    is the increase in execretion of urine.
  18. what is glomerular filtrate.
    fluid filtered out of the blood and enter the nephron through glomerular capsule.
  19. what is the nephron
    funtional unit of the kindey and filters the blood and balances the composition of urine.
  20. what is trigone?
    is a triangle at the base of the bladder formed by the openings of the ureters and the urethra.

    tubular reabsorbtion- stuff leaves the filtrate and back through the peritubular cavities
  21. what is the renal pyramid
    a triangular structure in the renal medulla made of nephrons and collecting ducts.

    urea main nitrogenous material in urine.
  22. what is polynephritis?
    infection of renal pelvis and kidney the symptoms include polyuria and dysuria and bateruria.
  23. what is urethritis
    inflammation of urethra usually because of STD's.
  24. whats is glomerulonephritis?
    • inflammation of glomerulus and kidney.
    • the symptoms are hypertention, edema and oliguria(passage of small amounts of urine). the problem is that the blood and proteins escape into the nephrons. can lead to chronic renal failure and and end stage renal disease.
  25. what is nephrotic syndrome?
    • the glomeruli become overly permeble and allow the loss of proteins.
    • this affects the capillary exchange, and results in edema.
  26. what is acute renal failure.
    caused by injury shock and exposure to toxins or infections. it is the rapid loss of renal function and can lead to dialysis or transplantation.
  27. what are urinary stones
    called urinary lithiasis and usually formed of calcium salts and has so many reasons why it can cause extreme pain.

    can pass on its own and can pass by electrocorporeal and can be removed by endoscope.
  28. cancer
    linked to chemicals and parasitic infections. the key symptoms is hematuria and can be veiwed by scope. cystectomy may be required if the tumor removal is not effective.
  29. urinalysis
    tested for color and tubertidy, specific gravity and cells, crytals or casts.

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