Slowing of heart rate caused by submersion in cold water
Loss of body heat by direct contact
a Serum that counteracts the effects of the venom of an animal or insect
Temperature of surrounding enviornment
The conversion of water or another liquid into gas
A common name for decompression sickness
A form of heat injury in which the body loses a significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating; also called heat prostration or heat collapse
Any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body
the loss of body heat caused by air movement
The condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95oF as the result of prolonged exposure to cold
A triage process in which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratory arrest, and different from conventional triage where such patients would be classified as deceased. Used in triaging multiple victims of a lighting strike
Loss of consciousness caused by decreased breathing stimulus
Damage of tissue as a result of exposure to cold; frozen, or partially frozen body parts
The process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide
The presence of air in the veins that can lead to cardiac arrest if it enters the heart
The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid
The condition in which the core temperature rises to 101oF or higher
A system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at various atmospheric pressures, increasing with the depth of the dive
A painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly, in which gas especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels and other tissues; also called the bends
A life threatening condition of severe hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive heat marked by warm, dry skin, altered mental status; and often irreversible coma
the transfer of heat to colder objects in the environment by radiant energy, for example, heat gained from a fire
Painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot enviornment
a family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets
Temperature of the central part of the body
The ability of skin to resist deformation
An irregular respiratory pattern in which the patient breathes with an increasing rate and depth of respirations that is followed by a period of apnea that repeats.
An oxygen tank with 500-1000 psi is considered
too low to keep in service
an oxygen tank at 2000 psi is considered
Class of shock that is caused by widespread vasodialation. Common types are neurogenic, anaphylactic, and psychogenic
Type of shock caused when vascular beds are cut off from the sympathetic nervous system
shock caused by a sedden reaction of the nervous system that produces temporary generalized vascular dialation.
What are the compression rates for infants and children?
30/2 single rescuer
15/2 two rescuer
The organization responsible for establishing a National Standard Curiculum for each EMT level is:
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
The Emergency Medical Dispatch System was developed to:
allow dispatchers to provide instructions to the caller until EMS arrives.
The party responsible for ensuring that an EMT maintains his or her ability to provide high-quality EMS care and updates his or her knowledge of EMS care is the:
The ________ is commonly defined by state law and outlines the care that an EMT may provide.
scope of practice
In determining legal negligence, the following four elements must be present: duty, breach of duty, damages, and:
Compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) generally has what effect?
Protected health information may be shared with those directly providing patient care.
If a pacemaker does not function properly, as when the battery wears out, the patient may experience syncope, presenting with a pulse less than:
If you are en route with a conscious adult patient who is having chest pain and becomes unconscious, the first step is to:
When administering or assisting in the administration of medication, it is important that you follow six steps. Before beginning, you must:
Obtain an order from medical direction
When administering nitroglycerin, each spray is equivalent to:
Petit mal seizures are also called:
In some situations, the postical state may be characterized by hemiparesis or:
weakness on one side of the body, resembling a stroke.
In geriatric patients, you should consider a headache as:
Treat stroke and altered mental status (AMS) in children: