EMS Reveiw

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EMS Reveiw
2014-04-27 20:00:54
Medical Science
EMS flash cards
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  1. Slowing of heart rate caused by submersion in cold water
    Diving Reflex
  2. Loss of body heat by direct contact
  3. a Serum that counteracts the effects of the venom of an animal or insect
  4. Temperature of surrounding enviornment
    Ambient Temperature
  5. The conversion of water or another liquid into gas
  6. A common name for decompression sickness
  7. A form of heat injury in which the body loses a significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating; also called heat prostration or heat collapse
    heat exhuastion
  8. Any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body
    dysbarism injuries
  9. the loss of body heat caused by air movement
  10. The condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95oF as  the result of prolonged exposure to cold
  11. A triage process in which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratory arrest, and different from conventional triage where such patients would be classified as deceased. Used in triaging multiple victims of a lighting strike
    Reverse triage
  12. Loss of consciousness caused by decreased breathing stimulus
    breathe-holding syncope
  13. Damage of tissue as a result of exposure to cold; frozen, or partially frozen body parts
  14. The process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide
  15. The presence of air in the veins that can lead to cardiac arrest if it enters the heart
    air embolism
  16. The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid
  17. The condition in which the core temperature rises to 101oF or higher
  18. A system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at various atmospheric pressures, increasing with the depth of the dive
  19. A painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly, in which gas especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels and other tissues; also called the bends
    decompression sickness
  20. A life threatening condition of severe hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive heat marked by warm, dry skin, altered mental status; and often irreversible coma
    heat stroke
  21. the transfer of heat to colder objects in the environment by radiant energy, for example, heat gained from a fire
  22. Painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot enviornment
    heat cramps
  23. a family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets
  24. Temperature of the central part of the body
    core temperature
  25. The ability of skin to resist deformation
  26. An irregular respiratory pattern in which the patient breathes with an increasing rate and depth of respirations  that is followed by a period of apnea that repeats.
    Cheyne-Stokes Respirations
  27. An oxygen tank with 500-1000 psi is considered
    too low to keep in service
  28. an oxygen tank at 2000 psi is considered
  29. Class of shock that is caused by widespread vasodialation. Common types are neurogenic, anaphylactic, and psychogenic
    Distributive shock
  30. Type of shock caused when vascular beds are cut off from the sympathetic nervous system
    neurogenic shock
  31. shock caused by a sedden reaction of the nervous system that produces temporary generalized vascular dialation.
    psychogenic shock
  32. What are the compression rates for infants and children?
    • 30/2 single rescuer
    • 15/2 two rescuer
  33. The organization responsible for establishing a National Standard Curiculum for each EMT level is:
    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
  34. The Emergency Medical Dispatch System was developed to:
    allow dispatchers to provide instructions to the caller until EMS arrives.
  35. The party responsible for ensuring that an EMT maintains his or her ability to provide high-quality EMS care and updates his or her knowledge of EMS care is the:
  36. The ________ is commonly defined by state law and outlines the care that an EMT may provide.
    scope of practice
  37. In determining legal negligence, the following four elements must be present: duty, breach of duty, damages, and:
  38. Compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) generally has what effect?
    Protected health information may be shared with those directly providing patient care.
  39. If a pacemaker does not function properly, as when the battery wears out, the patient may experience syncope, presenting with a pulse less than:
    60 beats/min.
  40. If you are en route with a conscious adult patient who is having chest pain and becomes unconscious, the first step is to:
    Check Pulse
  41. When administering or assisting in the administration of medication, it is important that you follow six steps. Before beginning, you must:
    Obtain an order from medical direction
  42. When administering nitroglycerin, each spray is equivalent to:
    One tablet
  43. Petit mal seizures are also called:
    Absence Seizures
  44. In some situations, the postical state may be characterized by hemiparesis or:
    weakness on one side of the body, resembling a stroke.
  45. In geriatric patients, you should consider a headache as:
    potentially serious.
  46. Treat stroke and altered mental status (AMS) in children:
    the same way you do for adults.