The most widely researched and clinically used self-report personality test (sort of created by Starke Hathaway)
Psychological tests using ambiguous stimuli, such as inkblots of drawings, which allow the test taker to project his or her in unconscious onto the test material.
Rorchach Inkblot Test
A projective test that presents a set of ten cards with symmetrical abstract patterns, known as inkblots, and ask respondents to describe what they see in the image; their response is thought to be a projection of unconscious processes.
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
A projective test that shows a series of ambiguous black-and-white pictures and asks the test-taker to create a story related to each; the responses presumably reflect a projection of unconscious processes.
The needs and goals of the individual are emphasized over the needs and goals of the group.
The needs and goals of the group are emphasized over the needs and goals of the individual.
Theories of personality that attempt to explain individual differences by examining how unconscious mental forces interplay with thoughts, feelings and actions.
Is believed to function on three different levels of awareness or consciousness.
A type of therapy designed for indentifying and resolving problems stored in the unconscious.
According to Freud is the source of instinctual energy, which works on the pleasure principle and is concerned with immediate gratification
A type of defense mechanism, which includes superegos and id’s by distorting reality.
Freud’s belief that children experience sexual feelings from birth.
Power Envy (Penis Envy)
Karen Horney’s belief that personality is driven by social forces
Criticisms of the Psychoanalytic Theories
1. Difficulty to test
2. Overemphasis on biology and unconscious forces
3. Inadequate empirical support
5. Lack of cross-cultural support
Humanistic Theories Criticism
Naive assumption, Poor testability and narrowness.
We have them prior to learning experiences, according to Bandura, that guide behavior and influence the environment.
Internal Locus of Control
Believe that they can control events in their lives through their own efforts.
External Locus of Control
People with this believe that environment and external forces have primary control over their lives.
A person who will assess your personality.
Adler’s idea that feelings of inferiority develop from early childhood experiences of helplessness and incompetence.
Roger's theory of changing once you've finally accepted yourself
Theory based on conditioning and cognitive distortions
All about finding ways to change cognitions, perceptions, and behaviors into positive ones to make both individuals and communities thrive
Most people accept more responsibility for good deeds than bad, and for successes than failures because they see themselves as better than the average everyday person