Syntheses and their Solvents

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Author:
betweenloveandhate
ID:
272161
Filename:
Syntheses and their Solvents
Updated:
2014-04-27 20:31:44
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orgo1
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  1. Adding things to triple bonds
    • 1)NaNH2
    • 2) thing you want to add attached to Br
  2. bromonation/chloronation of alkene
    Br2/Cl2 + CCl4
  3. If you want an OH and a Br/Cl on either side of the double bond
    Br2/Cl2 and H2O
  4. If you want to attach an OH to the more substituted carbon
    Hg(OAc)2/THF/H2O, NaBH4
  5. Epoxidation
    CF3CO3H
  6. Ring opening: to get OH on anti positions on either side of the double bond
    • H2O and acid or base
  7. Ring opening: to get OCH3 on the more substituted carbon
    CH3OH and acid (OH will be on the other side)
  8. Ring opening: to get OCH3 on the less substituted carbon
    CH3OH and base (OH will be on the other side)
  9. To "remove" a double bond and get syn-cis molecule
    H2 and Pd/C or Pt/C
  10. To get an alkane from an alkyne
    H2 and Pd/C or Pt/C
  11. Cis alkene from alkyne
    H2 and Lindlar's catalyst
  12. Trans alkene from alkyne
    Na/NH3 or Li/NH3
  13. To make a carbon epoxide coming out of the page
    CH2N2
  14. To make a planar C epoxide attached to two Cls
    CHCl3 and KOH
  15. To get a planar C epoxide
    CH2I2 and Zu(Cu)
  16. Markovnikov
    H3O+/H2O
  17. Anti-Markovnikov
    • 1)BH3
    • 2)H2O2, NaOH/H2O
  18. To get syn addition of OH on double bond
    • 1)OsO4
    • 2)NaSO3/H2O

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