Sociology Final Part Part 2

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Sociology Final Part Part 2
2014-05-04 21:18:05
Part 2
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  1. Institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to the fact that....
    bias is built into the operation of society's institutions, including schools, hospitals, the police, and the workplace
  2. Karl Marx believe that religion....
    justifies the status quo.  Religion supports inequality and encourages change toward a more just and equal society.
  3. Karl Marx, speaking for the social-conflict approach, argued that the point of studying society was....
    interpretation; to share in their world of meaning
  4. Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings is called....
  5. Learning more sociology can help you to do all the following except....
    • assess the truth of "common sense"
    • see the opportunities and constraints in our lives
    • empowers us to be active participants in our society
    • live in a diverse world
  6. Looking at childhood in global perspective, we find that....
    childhood is grounded in culture, not biology. High income cultures extend childhood.
  7. Looking at humor from a functional viewpoint, jokes...
    • relieve tension in uncomfortable situations
    • often sign of conflict
    • incongruous realities
    • double meanings/controversy
  8. Marx thought of inequality in terms of two main classes.  In contrast, Weber envisioned inequality in terms of....
    • economic class
    • social status or prestige 
    • power
  9. Max Weber noted many traits of bureaucracy.  Which of the following is not one of them? 
    • bureaucratic alienation
    • bureaucratic ritualism 
    • bureaucratic inertia
  10. Most cases of female genital mutilation occur in....
    eastern Africa
  11. Nonverbal communication refers to....
  12. People who are called "WASP" have ancestor from which country?
    white anglo-saxon protestant
  13. Poor health in low-income nations reflects which of the following factors?
    • low social standing
    • low income
    • infectious disease
    • housing/shelter 
    • pre industrial societies
  14. Prostitution is widely regarded as which of the following types of crime?
    victim less crime
  15. Read the following four statements about the social foundations of deviance.  Select the one statement that is false.
  16. Relative poverty....
  17. Religion is a social institution that is BEST defined as involving....
    • based on setting the sacred apart from the profane 
    • grounded in faith rather than scientific evidence, people express their religious beliefs through various rituals
  18. Samuel Stouffer's study of soldier morale during World War II led to what conclusion?
    a greater way to get ahead, morale
  19. Sexual harassment is an importation social issue because....
    creates a hostile work environment for women
  20. Society shapes human health because....
  21. The "beauty myth" refers to the idea that....
    women should measure their worth in terms of physical appearance, or more specially how physically attractive they are to men
  22. The MOST difficult transition in married life is typically.....
  23. The claim that defining member of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application of....
  24. The concept "socialized medicine" refers to which of the following?
    a medical care system in which the government owns and operates most medical facilities and employs most physcians
  25. The concept of "white ethnics" refers to....
    whites not a part of European Protestant group;
  26. The concept "endogamy" refers to marriage between....
    people of the same social category
  27. The concept of "colonialism" refers to the process by which....
    the process by which some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nations
  28. The concept of "glass ceiling" refers to....
    sociological barrier of people's views that prevent a woman from being promoted in a career field
  29. The concept of "euthanasia" refers to....
    assisting in the death of a person suffering from an incurable disease
  30. The concept of gender refers to....
    the meaning a culture attaches to being female or male
  31. The concept of sacred refers to what is....
    set apart as extraordinary, inspiring awe and reverence
  32. The family is a social institution that is found in....
    all societies
  33. The overall social standing of Native American is...
    • low social standing; result of cultural factors including:
    • noncompetitive view of life
    • reluctance to pursue higher education
    • targets for discrimination
  34. The practice of understanding another culture on its own terms and using its own standards is called.....
  35. The term "cultural lag" refers to the fact that....
  36. Typically, people who live in _____ perceive fewer racial categories than people who live in ______.
    • cities
    • rural
  37. What concept did Erving Goffman use to refer to a powerful and negative label that greatly changes a person's self concept and social identity?
  38. What concept refers to a global economy in which multinational corporations exploit people in low-income nations?
  39. What concept refers to a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling?
    role performance
  40. What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life?
    ascribed status
  41. What is a reason to see women as a minority in the United States?
    • earn less money
    • disadvantaged
    • less prestige
  42. What is the concept that refers to the conflict among roles corresponding to two or more statues?
    role conflict
  43. Whether people respond to deviance as a moral issue or a medical matter affects which of the following?
  44. Which concept refers to the tension among roles connected to a single status?
    role conflict
  45. Which of the following are functions of deviance noted by Emile Durkheim?
  46. Which of the following are traits of marriage?
  47. Which of the following concepts refers to a category of people distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged?