Anthropology Vocabulary 3

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Author:
AsherWolfe
ID:
272180
Filename:
Anthropology Vocabulary 3
Updated:
2014-10-10 14:51:02
Tags:
anthropology NMC
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Description:
anthropology college class Northwestern Michigan College
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  1. Which term best describes a division of a single traditional role into two more roles, each with a single function:
    structural differentiation.
  2. Which term best describes a revitalization movement from within, directed primarily at the ideological system and social structure?
    revolutionary
  3. Which term best describes the spread of customs or practices from one culture to another?
    diffusion
  4. What term best describes the blending of indigenous and foreign traits to form a new system?
    syncretism
  5. Which term best describes a chance discovery of a new principle?
    primary innovation
  6. Which term best describes major culture changes that people are forced to make and that result from intensive contract between societies?
    acculturation
  7. Which term best describes cultural elements that oppose forces for differentiation?
    integrative mechanism
  8. Which term best describes a deliberate attempt to construct a more satisfactory culture by rapid acceptance of multiple innovations?
    revitalization movement
  9. Which term best describes a change in which a practice, skill, or belief ceases, with or without replacement?
    cultural loss
  10. Which term best describes something new that comes from the deliberate application of known principles?
    secondary innovation
  11. Which term best describes extermination of one people by another?
    genocide
  12. Which term best describes the use of anthropology to solve practical problems, often for a specific client?
    applied anthropology
  13. Which term best describes the process by which traditional or developing societies acquire characteristics of Western industrialization societies?
    modernization
  14. Which term best describes a group not based on age, kinship, marriage, territory, or rank?
    : common-interest association
  15. Which term best describes a society in which the number of valued positions is equal to the number of people capable of filling them?
    egalitarian society
  16. Which term best describes a set of families and individuals who enjoy nearly equal prestige?
    social class.
  17. Which term best describes a kind of social class in which membership is determined at birth and remains fixed for life?
    caste
  18. Which term best describes a category of people based on age?
    age grade
  19. Which term best describes a group of people initiated into an age grade at the same time?
    age set.
  20. Which term permits a great deal of social mobility?
    open-class society.
  21. Which term best describes the ability to change one's class position?
    mobility.
  22. Which term best describes division of society into groups with unequal sharing of resources, prestige and influence?
    stratified society.
  23. Which term best describes what people say about others in their own society?
    verbal evaluation.
  24. Which term best describes an activity or possession indicative of a given social class?Select one:
    symbolic indicator.

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