Evaluation of Anti Psychotic Drugs

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  1. How have drugs revolutionised schizophrenia management?
    • Before anti-psychotics, 50% of schizophrenic patients admitted into hospitals stayed for life 
    • Treatment of patients was brutal and ineffective (ECT, Psychosurgery)
    • Proper care was not given with patients controlled rather than treated (straight jackets)
    • Only 3% of Schizophrenics are in hospital today and only for a few weeks
  2. How is the minimal time spent in hospitals a good thing for Schizophrenics?
    • Reduces the social stigma of them being crazy and locked away
    • Allows them to live a more normal life, potentially socialising and getting a job 
    • Reduces the perceived effect of labelling theory 
    • Allows patients to spend more time with family and friends who can give them specific care and support 
    • Less taxing on NHS funding
  3. Why is the benefit of drugs only temporary?
    • Drug treatment does not cure schizophrenia, it merely delays relapse 
    • If the drugs are not taken, relapse occurs
  4. Why is it inadvisable to take very strong drugs for long periods of time?
    • Side effects such as Agranulocytosis are more likely to occur 
    • Cognitive function could be irreversibly damaged
    • Drugs are costly and financially ruining if taken for very long periods of time
  5. How is compliance an issue for drug treatment?
    • The treatment relies on patients sticking to a strict regime and taking pills regularly 
    • Patents can refuse to take drugs as they might be put off by the negative side effects
    • Some side effects include poor memory so the patient might simply forget to take their pills
  6. What is revolving door syndrome?
    • The patient gets stuck in a negative cycle due to drug therapy 
    • The patient is admitted to hospital, given drugs and discharged into the community upon symptomatic improvement 
    • If the patient stops taking the drugs whilst discharged, the symptoms recur quickly learning to readmission into hospital
  7. How might revolving door syndrome negatively affect a patient?
    • They might feel demoralised as nothing they can do will cure them 
    • They might hate taking drugs but feel dependant on them
    • These factors could increase suicide risk
  8. What is depot medication?
    • The medication is released slowly over weeks 
    • Can be administered via injection into a large muscle by a medical professional in hospital or at an outpatient clinic 
    • Reduces the risk of the patient refusing treatment as medication need not be taken daily 
    • There are other risks such as phobia of needles, however
  9. What ethical issues are raised by drug therapy?
    • Some consider it to be nothing more than a chemical straight jacket, dehumanising the individual by taking away personal responsibility and control
    • There is debate to whether the patient has the right to refuse treatment as they are often in a psychotic state and unable to make informed decisions
  10. What ethical issues surround the risk of drugs and the psychotic nature of schizophrenia?
    If the patient is often in a psychotic state and unable to make informed decisions, they might not be aware of the potential side effects of the drugs they are taking

Card Set Information

Evaluation of Anti Psychotic Drugs
2014-04-28 11:02:23
Psychology Schizophrenia camturnbull

AQA PSYB3 Schizophrenia
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