Criminal Law LAST Exam

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  1. "Born Alive" Requirement
    To be able to charge homicide of a newborn baby, the prosecution must be able to prove that the child was living at the same time i was killed.
  2. Assisting Suicide
    The act of furnishing the means of suicide, pursuant to a statue that permits such assistance.
  3. Euthanasia
    Most states that the federal government have felony murder statutes that punish as murder the causing of death of another while defendant is committing a felony of violence. A felony murder conviction does not require showing of malice or deliberate intent to kill
  4. Feticide
    Murder of an unborn child
  5. Homicide
    The killing of one human being by another. There are three types of homicide: justifiable, excusable, and felonious.
  6. Felony murder
    Most states and the federal government have felony murder statutes that punish as murder of the causing of death of another while the defendant is committing a felony of violence. A felony murder conviction does not require showing of malice or deliberate intent to kill.
  7. Imperfect self-defense
    A homicide in which the killer subjectively, but unreasonably, believes that his or her conduct was necessary force. An unnecessary killing was done with excessive force. An unnecessary killing in self defense, in defense of another, or to terminate a felony of violence could be imperfect self-defense.
  8. Manslaughter
    Criminal homicides other than murder. Most states provide for two degrees of manslaughter, voluntary and involuntary.
  9. Muder
    Unlawful homicide with malice and forethought.
  10. Perfect self defense.
    A  homicide in which the killer not only subjectively believes that his or her conduct was necessary and reasonable and that, by objective standards, it was lawful and complied with the requirements of the law. The homicide is either justifiable or excusable, and it carries no criminal liability.
  11. Premeditation
    Mental determination to unlawfully kill another person after planning or reflection on actions causing death.
  12. Transferred Intent
    A doctrine used when the intention to harm one individual inadvertently causes a second person to be hurt instead. The individual causing the harm will be seen as having "intended" the act by means of the "transferred intent" doctrine.
  13. Aggravated Assault
    Assault made more serious by presence of a firearm or a part of intent to commit a felony.
  14. Aggravated Battery
    A battery that causes serious bodily injury or is committed with a deadly weapon.
  15. Assault
    In many instances, an assault is an attempt to commit a battery, but many states also make other conduct assault. It could be combined with a charge of battery to constitute the crimes of "assault and battery".
  16. Battery
    A successful assault, in which the victim is actually and intentionally (or knowingly) struck by the defendant.
  17. False imprisonment
    Unlawful restraint of detention of a person.
  18. Hostage taking
    The use of threat of use of force to restrain or confine a person as a hostage to compel another person to perform some act.
  19. Kidnappping
    False imprisonment coupled with movement of the victim.
  20. Mayhem and malicious disfigurement
    Willingly inflicting an injury on another so as to cripple or mutilate the person.
  21. Menacing
    Intentionally placing or attempting to place another in fear of immediate serious physical injury.
  22. Offensive touching
    Unpermitted physical contact with another person, usually limited to "private" or genital parts.
  23. Child Pornography
    Movies, pictures, or drawings, that depict children in explicit sexual relations. Unlike adult pornography, child pornography need not be obscene to be criminal.
  24. Corroborative Evidence.
    Physical Evidence or witness testimony other than from the victim that supports the claim that the crime occurred.
  25. Incest
    Sexual relations between persons closely related.
  26. Megan's Laws
    Laws passed in many states requiring convicted sex offenders to register with a state or local registration office. Named after a young girl convicted by a sex offender.
  27. Pornography
    Movies, pictures, writings, and other expressions, that are intended to arouse sexual incitement and have no artistic merits or redeeming social value.
  28. Procuring, Promoting, and Pimping
    Actions taken to provide services of a prostitute
  29. Prostitution
    Providing sex for money or other value
  30. Rape
    Anal, vaginal, or oral penetration by force or threat of force.
  31. Rape Shield Laws
    Laws that by many states to limit the extent to which defense attorneys in a rape case can inquire into the victim's past sexual life.
  32. Sexual Assault
    The crime in most statutes that include the crime of rape, as well as other lesser degrees of assault.
  33. Sexual Harrassment
    Unwelcome sexual advances, with or without physical contact; in the workplace, creation of a "hostile environment," such as belittling or embarrassing an employee or coworker who has refused sexual advances, can be sexual harassment.
  34. Statutory Rape
    Sexual intercourse with a minor female under a certain age, usually 18. Consent and generally, mistake as to go age are not defenses to his crime.
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Criminal Law LAST Exam
2014-04-28 19:07:26
Material for the last exam for criminal law.
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