Substance Abuse

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Author:
brianklein
ID:
272302
Filename:
Substance Abuse
Updated:
2014-04-28 19:43:03
Tags:
treatment abnormal psychology
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no
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  1. Types of Professional Treatment
    • -psychodynamic¬†
    • -cognitive behavioral (modifying associations)
    • -in-patient and pharmacotherapy
    • ¬† -used to ease withdrawal symptoms
    • ¬† -using substances to treat substances
  2. overall effectiveness of treatment (professional):

    - __ of people drop out of treatment programs of all kind
    50%
  3. overall effectiveness of treatment (professional):

    - __ of the original group are abstinent after treatment
    15%
  4. overall effectiveness of treatment (non-professional):

    -often required by the ___ system
    legal
  5. overall effectiveness of treatment (non-professional):

    -based on the ____ model of addiction
    disease
  6. overall effectiveness of treatment (non-professional):

    individual is ____, which is deterministic (no responsibility)
    powerless
  7. 12 Step Effectiveness:

    ___ of people drop out of AA compared to ___ percent of professional treatment.
    80%, 50%. but zeitgeist supports the 12 step
  8. 12 Step Effectiveness:

    of the ___ that remain, it is considered effective for them
    20%
  9. 12 Step Effectiveness:

    at the end of 6 months, ___ are still abstinent
    15%
  10. good diagnosis? ---> good ____
    treatment
  11. Etiology of Substance Abuse:

    causes of disease?
    • -pathogens
    • -injuries
    • -toxins
    • -genetic abnormalities
  12. Genetic Etiology:

    ___ biological processes cause a vulnerability or ___ to ____ substances
    faulty; sensitivity; psychoactive
  13. Etiology of Substance Abuse:

    ___ to psychoactive substances activates the _____ or sensitivity. causes an inevitable progression to ___ use. implies no control
    exposure; vulnerability; increased
  14. Miller & Cesin 1983 on Substance Abuse:

    Inevitable progression hypothesis of substance abuse: use of ___ substance was related to ____ substance
    legal; illegal
  15. Miller & Cesin 1983 on Substance Abuse:

    Inevitable progression hypothesis of substance abuse: illegal substances are ____ to other illegal substances
    related
  16. Miller & Cesin 1983 on Substance Abuse:

    Inevitable progression hypothesis of substance abuse: ____ of people who smoked cigarettes used marijuana and most other illegal substances
    95%
  17. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    dopamine D2 receptors are determined by ___
    genes
  18. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    ____ is normally distributed in the population
    sensitivity
  19. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    ___ sensitivity is related to more ____ (and many other behavioral addictions). it is ___ specific to substances
    less; drinking; not
  20. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    low sensitivity is present in ___ of alcoholics vs ___ of non alcoholic men
    50%; 20%
  21. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    ___ of alcoholic women ___ have the low sensitivity gene variation
    low; dont
  22. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    ___ to be causal
    unlikely
  23. Etiology of Substance Abuse - Genetic Abnormality (Alcohol) :

    Neurotransmitters may be ___ by exposure to substances, producing tolerance withdrawal
    reset
  24. Advantages to the Disease Model: 

    -de-stigmatization
    -not a ___ feeling or ___ of willpower
    -may encourage ___ treatment
    personal; lack; more
  25. Limitations to the Disease Model:

    -Dualistic - only treats from ___ approach
    -Removes ___ responsibility
    biological; personal
  26. Medical diseases have signs:

    ___ diseases have ___
    infectious; pathogens
  27. Medical diseases have signs:

    genetic diseases have specific ____ genes
    defective
  28. Substance abuse as a Psychosomatic Disease:

    Doesn't mean its ___ in a persons head. If it were, it would be a ____
    all; somatoform
  29. Substance abuse as a Psychosomatic Disease:

    Psychosomatic diseases have ___ and are, at least partly, caused by ___ choices
    signs; behavioral
  30. examples of psychosomatic diseases:
    heart disease, stroke, skin, lung cancer
  31. Substance abuse as a Psychosomatic Disease:

    ____ place substance use/abuse in the psychosomatic category
    can not
  32. Substance abuse as a Psychosomatic Disease:

    psychosomatic disorders are not ____ behavior, though they are caused by behavior
    themselves. cancer, stroke, etc are not behaviors

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