History of the Recording Industry Pt. 3
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______: A hippie-inspired countercultural revolution centered in ______ took place during _____
- The Summer of Love
- San Fransisco
“The most original, inventive, and inﬂuential guitarist of the rock era.”
“The most prominent African American rock musician of the late 1960s.”
Although Jimi Hendrix died in ____ at the age of ___, his albums still sell around ______ copies a year.
Jimi Hendrix performed as sideman with acts such as the ______ and ______ among others before going solo.
- The Isley Brothers
- Little Richard
Scored his ﬁrst Jimi Hendrix Experience hit with “______” in ____ after moving to England
In _____: Formed the Jimi Hendrix Experience. In _____: Disbanded the Experience and formed the all-black Band of Gypsys.
Experience bassist _______ died in _____, while the group’s drummer, ________ died in ____. ______, the Band of Gypsys drummer also died in _____.
- Noel Redding
- Mitch Mitchell
- Buddy Miles
Folk singer ______ is usually credited as the song’s writer, but evidence suggests that “Hey Joe” was based on girlfriend _______'s “Baby, Don’t Go Downtown” recorded in ____.
- Billy Roberts
- Niela Miller
Early Versions of “Hey Joe”:
_____: Released 14th April, 1966 on the group’s debut album.
_____: Single released 30th July, 1966, peaking at #31. The ﬁrst hit version.
_____: Released 27th August, 1966 on their third album, Fifth Dimension, which peaked at #24.
_____: Released as a single in 1966. Issued on an LP in 1967. No chart impact, but heard by Hendrix.
- The Leaves
- The Byrds
- Tim Rose
Hendrix’s performance at the _______ (____) launched the Experience in America.
- Monterey Pop Festival
The Band of Gypsys album (____) was recorded to meet legal obligations resulting from a contract signed by Hendrix in ____ for one dollar from PPX Enterprises.
A British trio featuring _______, and the ﬁrst supergroup...
Cream's albums include:
- Fresh Cream
- Disraeli Gears
- Wheels of Fire
After initially disbanding in ____, Cream reformed in ____ for a series of sold-out concerts.
Formed in England
Their ﬁrst two albums were released in ____.
Featured the blues inﬂuenced guitar of Jimmy Page.
Led Zeppelin was successfully sued by ______ for plagiarizing his song “You Need Love” on “Whole Lotta Love” (from their second album). Settled out of court in 1985.
James Brown's first hit: “________” (____).
- Please, Please, Please
The creator of funk and the most sampled artist in popular music.
His first hit that was considered funk was "______"
West coast style of funk.
Also described as “interracial psychedelic soul.” Band also included women.
Developed both black and white audiences.
Sly and the Family Stone
Sly and the Family Band included bass thumping and plucking innovations of _______.
Sly and the Family Stone's hits include “________” (1968) & “_______” (1969).
- "Dance To The Music"
- "Everyday People"
Parliament/Funkadelic album: _______ (____) - A fusion of black rock & funk.
Funkadelic guitarist, _______ - b.1950-d.1992
- Maggot Brain
- EDDIE HAZEL
Major Rock Festivals
____: ________ - Featured mainly West Coast artists. “The ﬁrst huge rock festival.” Acts included The Byrds, Jefferson Airplane, Otis Redding, The Who, Jimi Hendrix Experience, The Mamas & the Papas.
____: _______ – The major 60s pop music festival. Acts included Richie Havens, Santana, Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, Sly & the Family Stone, The Who, Crosby, Stills & Nash, Jimi Hendrix.
____: _______ – A concert featuring the Rolling Stones at this speedway resulted in a violent death. Other acts included Santana, Jefferson Airplane and Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young.
- 1967: Monterey Pop
- 1969: Woodstock
- 1969: Altamont
Name that record label:
Success & decline in the early 1970s. Singer/songwriter _______ scored a gold #1 single with “theme from Shaft” in 1971.
___ corporations sold ___% of records sold by the end of the 1970s.
____: Prerecorded tapes = almost ____ of all U.S. music sales.
The energy crisis especially affected smaller record companies.
Radio formatting was introduced.
Brought country rock to the mainstream.
_______ from ____ is one of the decade’s most popular albums.
- Hotel California
- The Eagles.
________ was the ﬁrst album certiﬁed platinum by the RIAA.
The Eagles Greatest Hits 1971-1975
The ﬁrst rock band to play the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville.
Scored their ﬁrst hit in ____ with “Horse With No Name.”
Began his solo career in ____ with the reggae hit single, “Mother & Child Reunion.”
First album released in ____. The single, “Ain’t No Sunshine” went gold.
A side project featuring Byrds members.
Flying Burrito Bros
His self-titled 1968 debut, _______, was released on the Beatles’ Apple Records.
________ (1970)- his second album.
- James Taylor
- Sweet Baby James
Tapestry (A&M Records, 1971), by ________ spent nearly six years on the charts and has now sold over 10 million copies.
The only 20th century album by a female solo artist to spend ___ consecutive weeks at #1.
It won four Grammys.
______ (Reprise Records, 1971), by _______. “...a cycle of songs about the complexities of love”
Elton John: The ____ album _________ was his biggest selling studio release: 7 million copies. It’s considered by many to be his best LP.
- Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
SantanaPerformed at Woodstock
First album released in ____.Second album, _______, topped the album charts in ____.
The jazz rock fusion era began in ____ with ________’ ________ album.It became the best selling jazz album in history at that time: 400,000 copies in less than a year.
- Miles Davis
- Bitches Brew
Birds of Fire (1973) by ________, a fusion album by guitarist ________ sold over 500,000 copies and reached #15 on the Billboard album chart.
- The Mahavishnu Orchestra
- John McLaughlin
Became a major multi-instrumentalist, artist and songwriter in the 1970s
Innovative use of ________ when very few pop artists used them.
- Stevie Wonder
- Songs in the Key of Life
Began the 70s with a rock & soul fusion featuring lead guitar inﬂuenced by former member Jimi Hendrix.
Also covered songs by rock artists.
A studio-based outﬁt by the mid-70s.
Known for sophisticated jazz/pop stylings and studio production.
Their sixth album, _______ (1977), is a prime example.
The Moog Synthesizer invented by ________. Monophonic electronic device ﬁrst manufactured in ____.The ﬁrst synthesizer widely used by recording artists, especially in progressive rock. Examples: Keith Emerson (Emerson, Lake & Palmer) & Rick Wakeman (Yes).
- Robert (Bob) Moog (1934-2005)
_______ (____) by _______ -A major hit album which introduced the musical mainstream to the Moog.
- Switched-On Bach
- Wendy Carlos
Pink Floyd's _______ (___)The album has spent more than 850 weeks on Billboard’s Top 200 album chart.
One of the most successful albums in history.
Engineered by _______.
- Dark Side of the Moon
- Alan Parsons
Pink Floyd's follow-up album was _________ (___), a concept album based on founding member ________ whose LSD addiction led to him being ﬁred from the group in 1968.
- Wish You Were Here
- Syd Barrett
The stereo aspect of the Pink Floyd's second album’s sound is often compared to another British progressive rock album released in that year: _______ by _______.
- Tubular Bells
- Mike Oldﬁeld
Rumours (1977) by _______: 31 weeks at #1 in the U.S.
19 million copies sold in America.
One of the biggest selling albums of the decade.
A deluxe edition of the album was released in 2013.
First album (self-titled) released in 1971.
Signed to Columbia by _______ in 1972.
One of the ﬁrst African American acts to tour with theatre sets and special effects.
- Earth, Wind & Fire
- Clive Davis
Earth, Wind & Fire's best-selling albums (All triple platinum)
- That’s the Way of the World
- All ‘N All
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