Chapter 8 Book Notes

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Author:
brianklein
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272328
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Chapter 8 Book Notes
Updated:
2014-04-29 13:07:17
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abnormal
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  1. moods of people with mood disorders tend to ____ a long time
  2. _____ and mania are key emotions in mood disorders
    depression
  3. when people suffer from one mood disorder it is considered ____
    uniopolar
  4. unipolar mania is ____
    uncommon
  5. normal dejection in unipolar depression is seldom ____ enough to influence daily functioning significantly or ___ very long
    severe; persist
  6. ___ depression brings severe and long lasting psychological pain that may ____ as time goes by
    clinical; intensify
  7. about __ percent of adults in the US suffer from severe unipolar pattern of depression in any given year
    8 %
  8. around ____ of all adults experience an episode of severe unipolar depression at some point in their lives
    19%
  9. The rate of depression - mild or severe - is higher among ____ than wealthier people
    poor
  10. the median age for onset of unipolar depression is ___ in the US
    26
  11. women are at least ___ as likely as men to experience episodes of severe unipolar depression
    twice
  12. approximately ___ percent of people with unipolar depression recover. and around ___ percent of them have at least one other episode of depression in their lived
    85%; 40%
  13. Emotional symptoms of unipolar depression:

    most people feel ___ and dejected
    sad
  14. Emotional symptoms of unipolar depression:

    they tend to lose their sense of ___, report little ___ in anything, and in some cases cant displace pleasure at all.
    humor, pleasure
  15. Motivational Symptoms of Unipolar Depression:

    Usually lose the desire to ___ their usual activities. almost all people report a lack of ___, initiative and spontaneity
    pursue; drive
  16. It is estimated that between _ and _ percent of people who suffer from severe depression ____ themselves
    6-15; off
  17. Depressed people are usually ____ active and ___ productive
    less
  18. Depressed people hold extremely ____ views of themselves. They blame themselves for nearly every ____ event, even the things that have nothing to do with them.
    negative; unfortunate
  19. another cognitive symptom of depression is ____
    pessimism
  20. depressed individuals do perform ____ poorly than nondepressed persons on some tasks of memory, attention, and reasoning.
    more
  21. People who are depressed frequently have such ____ ailments such as headaches, indigestion, constipation and general pain. Disturbances in appetite and ___ are particularly common.
    physical; sleep
  22. According to the DSM, a major depressive disorder is a period marked by at least ___ symptoms of depression and lasting for ___ weeks or more
    5;2
  23. in ____ cases of depression, episodes can include ___ symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations
    extreme; psychotic
  24. a disorder may be ___ if it has been precede by previous episodes
    recurrent
  25. a disorder may be ___ if it changes with the seasons
    seasonal
  26. a disorder may be ____ if it is marked by either immobility or excessive activity
    catatonic
  27. a disorder is ____ if it occurs within four weeks of giving birth
    postpartum
  28. a disorder is ____ if the person is almost totally unaffected by pleasurable events
    melancholic
  29. people who display longer-lasting (at least ___ years) but less disabling pattern of unipolar depression may receive a diagnosis of ____ disorder
    2; dysthymic
  30. when dysthymic disorder leads to major depressive disorder, the sequence is called ____ depression (rainbow)
    double
  31. Episodes of unipolar depression often seem to be triggered by ____ events
    stressful
  32. depression that follows clear cut stressful events
    reactive (exogenous) depression
  33. depression that seems to be a response to internal factors
    endogenous depression
  34. monozygotic twins have a ___ chance of unipolar depression concordance
    46
  35. low activity of ____ and ___ is closely tied to depression
    serotonin; norepinephrine
  36. some researchers believe that serotonin is actually a ____, a chemical whose primary function is to increase or decrease the activity of other key neurotrans
    neuromodulator
  37. people with unipolar depression have been found to have abnormally high levels of ___
    cortisol
  38. hippocampal neurogenesis ____ dramatically when individuals become depressed
    decreases
  39. people with depression display lower ____ activity
    lymphocyte
  40. number of ____ people receive in life is related to the presence or absence of depression
    rewards

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