Exam #4 Kinesiology

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dvdromm
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272337
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Exam #4 Kinesiology
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2014-04-28 23:21:06
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Kinesiology
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Kinesiology
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  1. Bones Of pelvic girdle
    • Pelvic Bones
    • -Illium
    • -Ischium
    • -Pubis
    • Sacrum
  2. Label pelvic girdle
  3. Movements of the pelvis
    • Midposition
    • Backward rotation
    • Forward Rotation
    • lateral tilt
    • Rotation
  4. Hip Joint Structure
    • Ball-and-Socket joint
    • Articulation of spherical head of femur with deep cup-shaped acetabulum
    • Head of femur covered with hyaline cartilage except fovea capitis
  5. Ligamentous Reinforcements
    Teres femoris
    • “ties” head of femur to lower part of acetabulum
    • provide reinforcement from within
  6. Ligamentous Reinforcements (3)
    • Iliofemoral Ligament
    • Ischiofemoral ligament
    • Pubofemoral Ligament
  7. Movements of the Femur at the Hip Joint


  8. Hip Fexor Muscles (3)
    Iliopsoas
    • Iliopsoas
    • žPsoas minor & major, & iliacus
    • Function: žStrong hip flexor
  9. Hip Flexor
    Rectus Femoris
    • Function:
    • Flexes thigh at hip
    • Assists adduction
  10. Hip Flexor
    Sartorius
    • Function:
    • Flexes thigh at hip
    • Abduction & lateral rotation
  11. Hip Flexor
    Tensor Fasciae Latae
    • Function:
    • Flexes & abducts femur
    • Tenses fascia lata
  12. Hip Flexors
    Function: Extend Hip
    3
    • Biceps Femoris
    • Semimembranosus
    • Semitendinosus
  13. Hip Flexor
    Adductor Brevis
    • Function:
    • Adducts & aids in flexion
  14. Hip Flexor
    Adductor Longus
    • Function:
    • Adducts & flexes
  15. Hip Flexor
    Adductor Magnus
    • Function:
    • Adducts
    • Extends thigh
    • Lower portion assists medial rotation
  16. Hip Flexor
    Gracilis
    • Function:
    • Adducts & flexes
  17. Gluteus Maximus
    • Function:
    • Powerful hip extensor
    • Lower portion assists in adduction
    • Upper portion abducts against strong resistance
  18. Gluteus Medius
    Gluteus Minimus
    • Gluteus Medius Function:
    • Abducts
    • Anterior fibers medial rotation
    • Gluteus Minimus Function:
    • Medial rotation & abducts
  19. Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Thigh
    Flexion (5)
    • Tensor Fasciae Latae
    • Pectineus
    • Iliopsoas
    • Rectus Femoris
    • Sartorius
  20. Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Thigh
    Extenstion (1)
    Hamstring Muscles
  21. Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Thigh
    Abduction (2)
    Gluteus Medius & Minimus
  22. Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Thigh
    Adduction (4)
    • adductor longus is primary,
    • adductor magnus & brevis, and gracilis
  23. Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Thigh
    Lateral Rotation (3)
    • Sixdeep lateral rotators,
    • biceps femoris,
    • gluteus maximus
  24. Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Thigh
    Medial Rotation (2)
    Gluteus Medius & Minimus
  25. Know the deep 6 external rotator’s functions, origins, and insertions:
    Piriformis
    • External Rotation
    • Transverse Abduction
    • Internal rotation
    • Origin: Anterior Sacrum
    • Insertion: Superior/Medial Surface Of Greater Trochanter Of Femur
  26. Know the deep 6 external rotator’s functions, origins, and insertions:
    Quadratus Femoris
    • External Rotation
    • Origin: Obturator Foramen/ external Border of posterior Ishium
    • Insertion: Quadrate Tubercle of greater trochanter
  27. Know the deep 6 external rotator’s functions, origins, and insertions:
    Obturator Internus
    • External Rotation
    • Origin: Ischium and Pubis
    • Inside Surfaces and Obturator Membrane
    • Insertion: Medial Surface Of Greater Trochanter Of Femur
  28. Know the deep 6 external rotator’s functions, origins, and insertions:
    Gemellus Superior
    • External Rotation
    • Origin: Ischial Spine
    • Insertion: Medial Surface Of Greater Trochanter Of Femur
  29. Know the deep 6 external rotator’s functions, origins, and insertions:
    Gemellus Inferior
    • External Rotation
    • Origin: posterior portion of Ischial Tuberosity
    • Insertion: Medial Surface Of Greater Trochanter Of Femur
  30. Know the deep 6 external rotator’s functions, origins, and insertions:
    Obturator Externus
    • External Rotation
    • Transverse Abduction
    • Origin: Obturator Foramen Of Ishium
    • Insertion: Trochanteric Fassa of Greater Trochanter
  31. THE KNEE JOINT
    Structure
  32. Knee
    Menisci
    • Menisci are circular rims of fibrocartilage
    • žLateral – is an incomplete circle
    • Medial – “C” shaped
    • Thick peripheral borders & taper to a thin inner edge
  33. Ligaments of the Knee
    ACL PCL
    • The ACL resist’s anterior displacement and medial rotation of the knee
    • The PCL resists forces pushing the tibia posteriorly to the femur
  34. Knee movers
    • Flexion
    • Hamstrings (2 joint muscles) Muscles
    • Semimembranosus
    • Semitendinosus
    • Biceps Femoris
  35. Ligamentous Reinforcement
    Ankle
    • Lateral Collateral
    • ž-Anterior talofibular
    • -Calcaneofibular
    • -Posterior talofibular
    • Attaches lateral malleolus with upper lateral aspect of calcaneus and talus
  36. Dorsiflexion - very strong and stable
    •Supported by powerful ligaments
    •Several tendons cross and pass under a retinacula
    Plantarflexion - relatively unstable
    •Can be trained to become more stable
  37. Structure of the Foot
    2 archs
    • Longitudinal arch
    • •Heel to heads of five metatarsals
    • Transverse arch
    • •Side-to-side concavity
    • •Anterior tarsal bones & metatarsals
  38. Foot Joints
    Subtalar Joint
    • Underside of talus and upper & anterior aspects of calcaneus
    • Supported by 4 talocalcaneal ligaments
    • Plantar calcaneonavicular “Spring ligament” helps support talus (shock absorber)
  39. Foot Joints
    Subtalar Joint
    Movers
    • Inversion
    • •Tibialis Anterior
    • •Tibialis Posterior
    • Eversion
    • •Fibularis (Peroneus) Longus
    • •Fibularis (Peroneus) Brevis
    • •Fibularis (Peroneus) Tertius
  40. Dorsiflexion movers (4)
    • •Tibialis Anterior
    • •Extensor Digitorum Longus
    • •Extensor Hallucis Longus
    • •Peroneus Tertius
  41. Plantarflexion movers (6)
    • •Gastrocnemius
    • •Soleus
    • •Plantaris
    • •Tibialis Posterior
    • •Flexor Hallucis Longus
    • •Flexor Digitorum Longus
  42. Gastrocnemius
    function
    • powerful plantar flexor
    • Fast twitch
    • Dynamic plantar flexor
  43. Soleus
    • plantar flexes
    • Slow twitch
    • žPostural, static plantar flexion

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