Chapter 38/JFK/LBJ

Card Set Information

Author:
anmott
ID:
272347
Filename:
Chapter 38/JFK/LBJ
Updated:
2014-04-29 00:40:30
Tags:
APUSH
Folders:
APUSH
Description:
APUSH
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user anmott on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. John F. Kennedy
    president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the Cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on TV and told the public about the crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet union to withdraw their missiles. other events, which were during his terms was the building of the Berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
  2. Robert F. Kennedy
    He ran for President in 1968; stirred a response from workers, African Americans, Hispanics, and younger Americans; would have captured Democratic nomination but was assassinated by Sirhan after victory speech during the California primary in June 1968.
  3. Walt Witman Rostow
    One of the most influential modernization theorists, charted the route from traditional society to 'the age of high mass consumption', The Stages of Economic Growth
  4. Robert McNamara
    The US Secretary of Defense during the battles in Vietnam. He was the architech for the Vietnam war and promptly resigned after the US lost badly
  5. Martin Luther King, Jr
    U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
  6. Lyndon B. Johnson
    signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
  7. Michael Harrington
    Author who wrote The Other American. He alerted those in the mainstream to what he saw in the run-down and hidden communities of the country.
  8. Barry Goldwater 1964;
    Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history
  9. Malcolm X
    militant civil rights leader (1925-1965)
  10. Stokely Carmichael
    head of the SNCC making a separatist philosophy of black power as the official objective of the organization
  11. J. William Fulbright
    along with journalist, this Senator and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, turned against the war and in January 1966 began to stage highly publicized and occasionally televised congressional hearings to air criticisms of it.
  12. Hubert Humphrey
    LBJ's vice president and McCarthy's opposition in 1968 primary after LBJ stepped down. won nomination; not presidency.
  13. Richard M. Nixon
    He was a committee member of the House of Representatives, Committee on Un-American Activities (to investigate "subversion"). He tried to catch Alger Hiss who was accused of being a communist agent in the 1930's. This brought Nixon to the attention of the American public. In 1956 he was Eisenhower's Vice-President.
  14. George Wallace
    Racist gov. of Alabama in 1962 ("segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"); runs for pres. In 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of racism and law and order, loses to Nixon; runs in 1972 but gets shot
  15. Flexible Response
    the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
  16. Modernization Theory
    a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations
  17. Credibility Gap
    The gap between the Johnson Administration and the American public support
  18. New Frontier
    The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
  19. Peace Corps
    a civilian organization sponsored by the United States government
  20. Bay of Pigs
    In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
  21. Cuban Missile Crisis
    An international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
  22. Alliance for progress
    a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems
  23. Freedom Rides
    a series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961
  24. March on Washington
    held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
  25. War on Poverty
    President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and elderly
  26. Great Society
    President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
  27. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
  28. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
  29. Voting Rights Act of 1965
    1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
  30. Black Power
    the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. it urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business.
  31. Six Day War
    tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967
  32. Operation Rolling Thunder
    bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
  33. Hawks and Doves Hawks
    are people who supported the war's goal. and Doves were people who opposed the war.
  34. Tet Offensive 1968;
    National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
  35. Beat Poets
    describes a group of authors who became famous in the 1950's. Composed of new experimentation with drugs and different types of sexuality. Followers were anti-war activists and peace promoters, similar to the hippie era
  36. Free Speech Movement
    led by Mario Savio it protested on behalf of students rights. It spread to colleges through out the country discussing unpopular faculty tenure decisions, dress codes, dormitory regulations, and appearances by Johnson administration officials.
  37. Students for a Democratic Society
    Founded in 1962, the SDS was a popular college student organization that protested shortcomings in American life, notably racial injustice and the Vietnam War. It led thousands of campus protests before it split apart at the end of the 1960s.
  38. John F. Kennedy
    Democratic president 1960-1963 (assassinated in '63 by Oswald)
  39. Robert F. Kennedy
    brother of JFK, served as his attorney general then ran in '68 himself before being shot by an Arab immigrant who didn't like his pro-Israel views
  40. Robert S. McNamara
    was the secretary of defense under Kennedy. He helped develop the flexible response policy; opposed the war in Vietnam and was removed from office
  41. Medgar Evers
    Director of the NAACP in Mississippi and a lawyer who defended accused Blacks, he was murdered in his driveway by a member of the Ku Klux Klan.
  42. Lee Harvey Oswald
    shot JFK
  43. Lyndon B. Johnson
    VP under Kennedy, president once Kennedy was assassinated, passed civil rights legislation; Great Society; demise was not getting out of Vietnam
  44. Barry Goldwater
    unsuccessful presidential candidate against Lyndon Johnson in 1964; many see him as the grandfather of the conservative movement of the 1980s
  45. Stokely Carmichael
    head of the SNCC making a separatist philosophy of black power as the official objective of the organization
  46. J. William Fulbright
    this Senator and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, turned against the war and in January 1966 began to stage highly publicized and occasionally televised congressional hearings to air criticisms of it.
  47. Eugene McCarthy
    Democratic Senator from Minnesota; represented the Democratic party in the 1968 presidential election; devout Catholic and a soft-spoken, sometimes poet; with the help of his "Childrens Crusade" got 42% of the democratic votes
  48. Hubert H. Humphrey
    The democratic nominee for the presidency in the election of 1968. He was LBJ's vice president, and was supportive of his Vietnam policies. This support split the Democratic party, allowing Nixon to win the election for the Republicans
  49. Richard M. Nixon
    won presidency for Republicans in 1968
  50. George Wallace
    Racist gov. of Alabama in 1962 ("segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"); runs for pres. In 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of racism and law and order, loses to Nixon; runs in 1972 but gets shot
  51. flexible response
    the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons; adopted by JFK
  52. peaceful coexistence
    Term used by Khrushchev in 1963 to describe a situation in which the United States and Soviet Union would continue to compete economically and politically without launching a thermonuclear war.
  53. "nuclear chicken"
    characterized cuban missile crisis
  54. Peace Corps (JFK),
    volunteers who help third world nations and prevent the spread of communism by getting rid of poverty, Africa, Asia, and Latin America
  55. Viet Cong
    a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam.
  56. Alliance for Progress (JFK) 1961
    a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems to counter spread of communism
  57. Bay of Pigs April 1961
    , a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro
  58. domino theory
    the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
  59. Great Society
    President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society; including Medicare, civil rights legislation, immigration reform, and federal aid to education,
  60. Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    president can take all necessary measures to rebel armed attacks against US and prevent further aggression; basically gave LBJ a blank check in Vietnam
  61. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places
  62. Cuban Missile Crisis
    October 1962, the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later
  63. 24th amendment (1964)
    eliminated the poll tax as a prerequisite to vote in national elections.
  64. Voting Rights Act of 1965
    federal law that increased government supervision of local election practices, suspended the use of literacy tests to prevent people (usually African Americans) from voting, and expanded government efforts to register voters
  65. Operation Rolling Thunder
    bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
  66. Pueblo incident
    In January 1968 during the Vietnam War the North Koreans seized the "Pueblo", a U.S. intelligence ship, evidently in international waters. They imprisoned the crew of some eighty men for eleven months. This episode stirred American anger, but provoked no military response.
  67. Tet offensive
    1968, during Tet, the Vietnam lunar new year, Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army raiding forces attacked provincial capitals throughout Vietnam, U.S. opinion began turning against the war.
  68. counterculture
    Young americans in 60s who rejected conventional customs & mainstream culture
  69. Berlin Wall
    In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany
  70. Atlantic Community
    foreign policy between America and West Germany with America as the dominant partner. Ensured prosperity to West Germany
  71. EEOC
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission-enforces laws to prevent unfair treatment on the job due to sex, race, color, religion, national origin, disability, or age.
  72. Freedom Summer
    a campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi
  73. entitlements
    A claim for government funds that cannot be abridged without violating the rights of the claimant; for example, social security benefits or payments on a contract
  74. Nation of Islam
    a group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religious beliefs and advocate independence for Black Americans
  75. "Black Power"
    A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community.
  76. Six Day War (1967)
    Short conflict between Egypt and her allies against Israel won by Israel; Israel took over the Golan Heights , The West Bank of the Jordan River; and the Sanai Peninsula
  77. Kennedy Round the sixth round of trade
    talks under which across-the-board trade negotiations took place, reducing tariffs by an average of 35 percent
  78. Charles de Gaulle
    withdrew France from NATO
  79. European Union International organization
    comprised of Western European countries to promote free trade among members
  80. Common Market
    a group of countries that acts as a single market, without trade barriers between member countries (EU)
  81. Laos
    a mountainous landlocked communist state in southeastern Asia
  82. "brushfire wars"
    small wars in Africa and southeast Asia often aided by the Soviet Union. convinced the Kennedy administration to adopt a policy of "flexible response"
  83. military advisors
    teams of us soldiers sent in to help South Vietnam strengthen its army and organize anti-guerrilla/anti-communist programs
  84. "modernization theory"
    the belief that the more industrialized, urban, and modern a society became, the more social change and economic improvements were possible
  85. Walt Rostow
    One of the most influential modernization theorists, charted the route from traditional society to 'the age of high mass consumption' in The Stages of Economic Growth
  86. d├ętente
    relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
  87. Freedom Riders
    civil rights activists who rode buses through the south in the early 1960s to challenge segregation
  88. James Meredith
    United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi
  89. Title VII part of 1964 Civil Rights Act
    prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin; also prohibits discrimination against an individual because of his or her association with another individual of a particular race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
  90. HUD
    The United States federal department that administers federal programs dealing with better housing and urban renewal (Housing and Urban Development)
  91. National Endowment for Arts
    Federally funded program that offers support and funding for projects that exhibit artistic excellence; founded in 1965
  92. Medicare/Medicaid
    Great Society programs to have the government provide medical aid to the elderly (Medicare) and the poor (Medicaid)
  93. Project Head Start
    a U.S. federal program that provides poverty-stricken children with a year or two of preschool along with nutritional and health services and that encourages parent involvement in program planning and children's learning
  94. Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
    Group that sent its own delegates to the Democratic National Convention in 1964 to protest discrimination against black voters in Mississippi; denied a seat at the convention
  95. SNCC Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee,
    college kids participate in Civil Rights, stage sit-ins and such
  96. Black Panther Party
    A group formed in 1966, inspired by the idea of Black Power, that provided aid to black neighborhoods; often thought of as radical or violent; Oakland, California; militant
  97. PLO
    a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine (Palestinian Liberation Organization)
  98. "credibility gap"
    the gap between the Johnson Administration and the American public support
  99. hawks/doves
    Hawks supported the Vietnam war, where doves opposed it. Most doves were college students who were afraid of being drafted.
  100. Cointelpro
    An FBI program begun in 1956 and continued until 1971 that sought to expose, disrupt, and discredit groups considered to be radical political organizations: Targeted antiwar groups during the Vietnam War.
  101. American Independent Party
    headed by George Wallace who entered the 1968 election and called for the continuation of segregation of blacks
  102. Mattachine Society
    the first gay rights organization
  103. The Pill
    gave women greater freedom to be sexually active without the risk of pregnancy
  104. Ngo Dinh Diem
    first president of South Vietnam, where he took power following the Geneva Accords in 1954. He was propped up by the United States unti lhe was overthrown and assassinated by a coup in 1963
  105. affirmative action
    program designed to redress historic racial and gender imbalances in jobs and education, the term grew from an executive order issued by JFK in 1961 mandating that projects paid for with federal funds could not discriminate based on race in their hiring practices. In the 1960s, President Nixon's Philadelphia Plan changed the meaning of addirmative action to require attention to certain groups, rather protect indivudals against discrimination

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview