Comm 100 Chapter 3 Vocab: Listening and Perception
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the process of receiving, constructing, meaning from, and responding to spoken and/or nonverbal messages.
a physiological process that occurs when sound waves are translated into electrical impulses then processed my the central nervous system.
the process of selectively focusing on certain events in the environment
putting pictures and sounds into words
what you can view a situation from multiple points of view without becoming disoriented
when you can identify characters and guess what will happen next
identify and organize incoming information
idealized representations of a certain kind of person
characteristics that we notice on a daily basis about others
chronically accessible constructs
constructs that are important to us and that we frequently use, regardless of circumstances.
occurs when in individual has a large, rich, and varied set of personal constructs.
interpret sequence of events and tells us what comes next
schematic default options
- details that are supplied when actual info is missing
- all schema have them
mindless (automatic) processing
when we rely on old routines and mental habits to give us info about the world
- a state of alert and lively awareness.
- actively thinking about the world
is a response that allows you to state you interpretation and ask your partner weather or not that interpretation was correct.
God and Devil terms
- God terms are so positive they go unchallenged
- Devil terms express negative values and repel the listener
observation of a state of affairs
a personal interpretation of the meaning behind the behavior being described.
adding positive or negative judgememnt
- responding in a way that lets the speaker know you are listening
- nodding head, eye contact, "mhm"s ect.
repeating the sender's message in our own words
memory is faulty. Sometimes we can't remember things that happened and sometimes we remember things that never happened.
- when new learning interferes with earlier stored material.
- remember PORN acronym.
cognitive response theorists
point out that people accept messages not on the basis of what the speaker says but on the basis of their own responses to the speaker's message.
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