Chapter 1 Final Exam Review
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TRUE OR FALSE-Scholars who have studied the orgins of alcohol abuse agree that the American pattern of prohibiting exposure to alcohol until 21 is the MOST EFFECTIVE way to prevent alcohol abuse?
FALSE- Experts agree the the Italian way of systematicaly introducing children to diluted wine at a young age, and a general societal dissaproval of drunkenness is the most effective way.
TRUE OR FALSE- In the Ancient Meditteranean civiliazations, wine was the first drink of the common citizen?
FALSE- In the earliest ancient Mediterranean civilizations, wine was the drink of the WEALTHY and the PRIESTS.
TRUE OR FALSE- Demographic studies have shown that wine drinkers are better educated and earn more than non-wine drinkers?
At what blood alcohol concentration do most people perceive the maximum relaxation?
0.05%. Most people feel maximum relaxation when their blood alcohol content is 0.05%
Wine provides about how many calories per four ounce serving?
Wine provides about 100 calories for each 4 ounce serving
TRUE OR FALSE- Although wine has a 4000 year history of therapeutic use, it is not considered useful in today's hospital setting in the US?
FALSE- A survey of U.S urban hospitals found that wine was used as an appetite stimulant, for its general therapeutic value, and as a sleed aid.
TRUE OR FALSE-The people who should be most concerned about sulfites in wines are sulfite-sensitive, steroid-dependent asthmatics?
TRUE- If an individual is sensitive to sulfites, and relies on steroids to heal their asthma, that person should be careful about how many sulfites are in their wine.
Medical researchers define MODERATE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION as about how many four ounce glasses of wine daily?
Moderate alcohol consumption is defined by researchers as 1-2 four ounce glasses of wine per day.
TRUE OR FALSE- The research reviewed by Dr. Keith Marton showed that cardiovascular mortality increased with heavy alcohol use, and that moderate drinkers have a reduced risk of cardiovascular mortality compared to non-drinkers?
TRUE- heavy alcohol consumers have a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality, whereas moderate alcohol consumers have a lesser rate of mortality than non-drinkers
TRUE OR FALSE- Boffetta's and Garfinkel's study showed that at three or more drinks per day there is an increased risk of death for drinkers compared to non-drinkers?
TRUE- If an individual consumes 3 or more alcoholic beverages per day, there is an increased risk of death, particularly liver cirrhosis.
TRUE OR FALSE- Although Marton's review of the research literature showed a 50% increase in breast cancer for MODERATE DRINKERS, there are a number of reasons why our understanding of the relationship between moderate drinking and breast cancer is less certain than for cardiovascular?
TRUE- The research conducted by Dr Marton did in fact show a 50% increase in breast cancer for moderate drinkers, however this research is not as set in stone as the research conducted regarding cardiovascular disease.
TRUE OR FALSE- About 90% of women who are active alcoholics during pregnancy will deliver a child who clearly suffers from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
FALSE- although drinking while pregnant is NOT ADVISED, only 10% of women who are active alcoholics during pregnancy will deliver a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome.
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