World History Final

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World History Final
2014-04-29 21:36:41
World History Final
World History Final
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  1. Panama Canal
    The Panama Canal (Spanish: Canal de Panamá) is a 77.1-kilometre (48 mi) ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via theCaribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean. Panama emancipated from Colombia with the help of the U.S. Theodore Roosevelt administration and eventually the canal was financed through a deal with Pres. Roosevelt and J.P Morgan
  2. Caudillos
    Latin American military mercenary authoritarian power/leaders.
  3. Antonio López de Santa Anna
    Mexican military dictator, former caudillo. Led Mexican forces in the seizure of the Alamo. Also led Mexican forces in failed battles against France, Texan Army, and the United States.
  4. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
    North America Free Trade Agreement between Canada, Mexico, and United States. It is the largest trade bloc.
  5. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
    Founded by the U.N. to restore the monetary system in 1945 by post WW2 countries. The IMF is a self-described "organization of 188 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
  6. Alliance for Progress
    Govt assistance program by John F. Kennedy for Latin America. It aimed at addressing economic inequality in Latin America, while promoting capitalism and democracy.
  7. Jawaharlal Nehru
    Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindustani: [ˈdʒəʋaːɦərˈlaːl ˈneːɦru] ( listen); 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic.
  8. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto  was a Pakistani statesman and politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. Revered as Quaid-i-Awam (قا ئد عوام; lit. People's Leader),he was also the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979
  9. Cultural Revolution
    The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, commonly known as theCultural Revolution, was a social-political movement that took place in thePeople's Republic of China from 1966. Set into motion by Mao Zedong, thenChairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to enforcecommunism in the country by removing capitalist, traditional and cultural elements from Chinese society, and to impose Maoist orthodoxy within the Party. The Revolution marked the return of Mao Zedong to a position of power after the failed Great Leap Forward. The movement paralyzed China politically and significantly affected the country economically and socially.
  10. Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
    The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known as theJune Fourth Incident (六四事件) or more accurately '89 Democracy Movement (八九民运) in Chinese,[2] were student-led popular demonstrations in Beijing which took place in the spring of 1989 and received broad support from city residents, exposing deep splits withinChina's political leadership. The protests were forcibly suppressed by hardline leaders who ordered the military to enforce martial law in the country's capital.[3][4] The crackdown that initiated on June 3–4 became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June 4 Massacreas troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military's advance towards Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing, which student demonstrators had occupied for seven weeks. The scale of military mobilization and the resulting bloodshed were unprecedented in the history of Beijing, a city with a rich tradition of popular protests in the 20th century
  11. Khmer Rouge
    he Khmer Rouge as the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in Cambodia. It was formed in 1968 as an offshoot of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam. It was the ruling party in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979, led by Pol Pot,Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, and Khieu Samphan. Democratic Kampuchea was the name of the state as controlled by the government of the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979. It allied with North Vietnam, the Viet Cong, and Pathet Lao during the Vietnam War against the anti-Communist forces.
  12. Taliban
    The Taliban (Pashto: طالبان‎ ṭālibān "students"), alternative spelling Taleban, is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan. It spread throughout Afghanistan and formed a government, ruling as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan from September 1996 until December 2001, withKandahar as the capital. However, it gained diplomatic recognition from only three states: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Mohammed Omar has been serving as the spiritual leader of the Taliban since 1994
  13. Kashmir
  14. Afhganistan
  15. Pakistan
  16. India
  17. Cambodia
  18. Bangladesh
  19. Green Revolution
    The Green Revolution refers to a series of research, and development, andtechnology transfer initiatives, occurring between the 1940s and the late 1960s, that increased agriculture production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.[1] The initiatives, led by Norman Borlaug, the "Father of the Green Revolution" credited with saving over a billion people from starvation, involved the development of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains, expansion of irrigation infrastructure, modernization of management techniques, distribution of hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers.
  20. Globalization
    Globalisation (or globalization) is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.Advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the telegraph and its posterity the Internet, are major factors in globalization, generating further interdependence of economic and cultural activities
  21. Cultural imperialism
    Cultural imperialism is defined as the cultural aspects of imperialism. Imperialism, here, is referring to the creation and maintenance of unequal relationships between civilizations favoring the more powerful civilization.Therefore, it can be defined as the practice of promoting and imposing a culture, usually of politically powerful nations over less potent societies. It is the cultural hegemony of those industrialized or economically influential countries, which determine general cultural values and standardize civilizations throughout the world. Many scholars employ the term, especially those in the fields of history, cultural studies, and postcolonial theory. The term is usually used in a pejorative sense, often in conjunction with a call to reject such influence. Cultural imperialism can take various forms, such as an attitude, a formal policy, military action, so long as it reinforces cultural hegemony.
  22. World Trade Organization
    The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under theMarrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948.The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participant's adherence to WTO agreements, which are signed by representatives of member governments:fol.9–10 and ratified by their parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay Round(1986–1994).
  23. Outsourcing
    In business, outsourcing is the contracting out of a business process to a third-party. The term "outsourcing" became popular in the United States near the turn of the 21st century. Outsourcing sometimes involves transferring employees and assets from one firm to another, but not always. Outsourcing is also used to describe the practice of handing over control of public services to for-profit corporations
  24. Islamophobia
    Islamophobia is prejudice against, hatred towards, or fear of Muslims or of ethnic groups perceived to be Muslim. While the term is widely recognized and used, both the term and the underlying concept have been criticized.
  25. U.A.E
  26. Equatorial Guinea
  27. Botswana
  28. St. Kitts and Nevis
  29. Democratic Republic of Congo
  30. Sierra Leone
  31. French Guiana
  32. Falkland Islands
  33. Greenland
  34. Hudson Bay
  35. Patagonia
  36. Tibet