Define and describe psychosocial risk factors for E&BD students.
Family socialization patterns that include attachment, discipline styles, disruptions to child rearing and the family, parent conflict, and parents with E&BD. Other considerations involve single parenting and child maltreatment.Peer relationships that are problematic. This is a common reason for school referral for consideration of E&BD.
Community demographics such as high population density, poverty, inferior nutrition, poor medical care and welfare.
Schooling can contribute to E&BD by causing or aggravating emotional and behavioral problems. Schooling can also improve a student's adjustment and reduce E&BD.