History of the Recording Industry Pt. 3.1
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Formed by Storm Thorgerson & Aubrey Powell in ____.
This production team designed many of rock’s most memorable and inventive album covers.
Graphic artist & designer of several album covers for the British progressive rock band Yes that was especially successful in the 1970s.
David Bowie’s _______ album (____) featured “...an androgynous Bowie-canine creature...soon yanked from the shelves of record stores and replaced with a tamer alternative.”
__________ debut album cover captured the group in a location reﬂecting the character of the music.
Crosby, Stills & Nash
Bands began using ______ to give their albums brand identity.
________ (Columbia) and _______ (Atlantic) are two of the better known 1970s examples.
What is the progression of reggae styles?
mento --> ska --> rock steady --> reggae --> dance hall
Reggae ﬁrst became popular in America following the release of the movie, _________, starring singer ________ in ____.
- The Harder They Come
- Jimmy Cliff
Bob Marley: Debut Island Records album, ________ (____), was commercially aimed at the rock audience.
Only two albums entered the U.S top 30: _________ (1976) & ______ (1977).
- Catch a Fire
- Rastaman Vibration
________ was Time Magazine’s Album of the Century
________'s “I Shot the Sheriff” (____) -First hit cover version of a Marley song by a rock artist.
A much more pop-oriented rhythm and sound than the original.
Reached #1 in America.
________ is the ﬁrst popular music style to consistently apply the concept of remixing.
____: The ﬁrst dub albums appeared in Jamaica.
____: The ﬁrst dub album released in the U.K. was _______ by Jamaican singer/producer ________.
- Pick a Dub
- Keith Hudson
Dub innovators included engineers/producers such as ________ and ________.
Punk had its origins in New York at the ________ club.
Punk Inﬂuences: _________, and __________.
Early Punk: ________, ________, ________, ________, and ________.
New York Dolls and Jonathan Richman & the Modern Lovers
Ramones, Television, Patti Smith, Talking Heads, and Blondie.
British band whose ﬁrst single was released in ____.
Chart-topping album in Britain, low sales in U.S.
Signed with EMI, then A&M, then Virgin.
Shifted the focus to producers & DJs.
__________ was one of the labels that introduced disco. _________ were the hit producers & songwriters.
- Philadelphia International
- Gamble & Huff
The massive 1977 ________ soundtrack album featured the Bee Gees.
Saturday Night Fever
Self-titled gold debut album released in ____ by Atlantic Records
Second album _______ (1978) yielded the platinum #1 single “Le Freak.”
The group’s best-known hit “________” was from the third LP, Risqué (1979)
- C’est Chic
- Good Times
_________’ co-writer/co-producer of Chic with bassist _________.
- Nile Rodgers
- Bernard Edwards
Irish rock group led by _______ (1951-1986).
Best known for 1978’s Live and Dangerous album.
________: Introduced in 1978, and one of the ﬁrst polyphonic synthesizers.
First appeared in 1979. Powerful sequencing capability, but very expensive.
________ was introduced in 1979 and is the first practical sampler.
Introduced in 1983. One of the ﬁrst completely digital synthesizers.
1979: The world’s ﬁrst programmable sound sampled drum machine.
A drum machine introduced in 1980 which increased its popularity in 1982 when singer ________ scored a global hit with the single “________.”
- Roland TR-808
- Marvin Gaye
- "Sexual Healing"
From the town of Shefﬁeld in England, which was also the home of electronic pop band Human League.
________ (1987) was the band’s best-selling album - 12 million copies in America.
Their previous LP ________ (1983) sold 10 million copies in America.
- Def Leppard
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