Chapter 10

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Chapter 10
2014-04-30 03:46:43
abnormal psychology
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  1. ____ is one of the leading causes of death in the world
  2. suicide attempt that doesnt result in death
  3. ____ is not classified as a mental disorder by the DSM
  4. around half of all suicides result from other ___ ____
    mental disorders
  5. Death Seekers
    Death Initiators
    Death Ignorers
    Death Darers
    four types of people who intentionally end their lives
  6. clearly intend to end their lives at the time they attempt suicide.
    death seeker
  7. clearly intend to end their lives, but htey act out of a belief that the process of death is already under way and that they are simply hastening the process. ex: being mortally ill
    death initiators
  8. do not believe that their self inflicted death will mean the end of their existence
    death ignorers
  9. experience mixed feelings, or ambivalence, in their intent to die evan at the moment of their attempt, and they show this ambivalence in the act itself. they want to die but their risk taking behavior does not guarantee death
    death darers
  10. when individuals play indirect, covert, partial, or unconscious roles in their own deaths. clinicians have cited drugs, alcohol, or tobacco use this type of death
    subintentional death
  11. this type of behavior is more common than previously recognized, particularly among teenagers and young adults. it appears that the behavior is addictive in nature
    self injury, also considered non suicidal self injury (nssi)
  12. around ___ of all suicide victims have never been in psychotherapy, and less than ___ leave notes
    half; one third
  13. it is estimated that there are ___ to ____ nonfatal suicide attempts for every fatal suicide
    8; 20
  14. religious affliation and beliefs like christianity, Judaism, and islamic people tend to have ____ ____ rates
    low suicide
  15. some research suggests that any specific doctrine doesn't necessarily help, it is the ____ that is the determining factor in preventing suicide
  16. around __ of the people that committed suicide were found to have no ___ friends
    half; close
  17. divorced people have a ____ rate of suicide than married or cohabiting peoples
  18. the suicide rate of white americans is at least twice that of _____
    black people! indians have it worse though
  19. researchers have counted more ____ events in the recent lives of suicide attempters than in the lives of non attempters
  20. stressful events
    mood and thought changes
    alcohol and other drug use
    mental disorders
    and modeling
    things that trigger suicide
  21. many suicide attempts are ____ by a ___ in mood
    preceded; change
  22. suicide attempts may also be preceded by ___ in patterns of thinking
  23. some clinicians think that the single most likely indicator of suicidal intent is the feeling of ____
  24. many people who attempt suicide fall victim to ____ thinking, which is viewing problems and solutions in rigid either or terms
  25. studies indicate as much as ____ of the people who attempt suicide ____ just before the act. autopsies reveal that 1/4 of these people weer legally _____
    70%; drink; intoxicated
  26. research suggests that as many as ____ of all suicide victims had been experiencing severe ____, 20 % chronic ____, and ____ experienced schizophrenia
    70%;depression; alcoholism; 10%
  27. among those who are severely depressed, the risk of suicide may actually ___ as their mood _____ and they have more energy to act on suicidal wishes
    increase; improves
  28. suicide is the leading cause of ___ death among people with ____
    premature; schizophrenia
  29. recent _____ by family members or friends ____ the likelihood that individuals will attempt suicide
    suicides; increase
  30. action programs that take place in schools after a student commits suicide
  31. Many psychodynamic theorists believe that suicide results from ____ and from ____ at other that is redirected toward oneself
  32. Freud proposed that when people experience the loss of a loved one, they come to ____ the lost person, meaning they unconsciously _____ the person into their own identity and feel toward themselves as they had felt toward the other
    introject; incorporate
  33. in support of Freud; researchers have often found a relationship between ___ losses and later ____ behaviors
    childhood; suicidal
  34. According to Durkheim, the probability of suicide is determined by how ____ a person is to such ____ groups as the family, religious institutions and community. the more ____ a person belongs. the lower the risk of suicide
    attached, social, thoroughly
  35. Type of durkheim suicide:
    committed by people over whom society has little or not control. these people are not concerned with the norms or rules of society, nor are they integrated into the social fabric
    egoistic suicide
  36. Type of durkheim suicide:
    committed by people who are so well integrated into the social structure that they intentionally sacrifice their lives for its well-being
    altruistic suicides
  37. Type of durkheim suicide:
    those committed by people whose social environment fails to provide stable structures, such as family and religion, to support and give meaning to life
    anomic suicides
  38. the activity of this neurotransmitter has often been found to be low in people who commit suicide
  39. more than ___ of all deaths among children between the ages of 10 and 14 are caused by suicide. boys outnumber girls by as much as __ to 1
    6%; 5
  40. suicide attempts are commonly _____ by such ____ patterns such as running away from home, accident proneness, and ____
    preceded; behavioral; aggression
  41. kids who attempt suicide are considered ____ ignorers
  42. suicidal actions become much more common after the age of __
  43. as many as ___ of teenagers may make suicide attempts
  44. about half of teenage suicides have been tied to clinical _____, and these teens also appear to struggle with ____ and impulsiveness or also have serious ____ or alcohol problems
    depression; anger; drug