Microbiology exam 3

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estubenv
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272509
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Microbiology exam 3
Updated:
2014-04-30 08:52:04
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micro
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lots of illnesses
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  1. Escheriaceae coli
    • - UTI
    •  - Bacteremia
    •  - Neonatal meningitis
    •  - Gastroenteritis
  2. EHEC
    • Enterohemorrhagic E. coli
    •  - Caused by shiga toxins
    •  - Can lead to hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
    •  - Pathogenic variety of E. coli
  3. Shigella
    - Gastroenteritis
  4. Kelbsiella pneumoniae
    • - Pneumonia - severe, often fatal
    •  - Necrotic, hemorrhagic lesions in lungs
  5. Salmonella enteritidis
    • - Food poisoning
    •  - Usually self limiting, stay hydrated
  6. Salmonella typhi
    • - Typhoid Fever
    •  - resistance to cipro
    •  - Colonizes the gallbladder
  7. Proteae
    • - UTIs (esp. involving catheters)
    •  - Enhanced risk of kidney stones 
    •  - Antibiotic resistance often significant
    •  - Very infectious
  8. Yersinia pestis
    • - The black plague
    •  - Rats -> fleas -> you
    •  - very infectious
    •  - Mysterious V and W factors
  9. Yersinia enterocolitica
    • - Severe diarrhea
    •  - True pathogen
  10. Vibrio cholerae
    • - Curvy rod
    •  - Cholera
    •  - FLUID REPLACEMENT - IV
    •  - cholera toxin carried by a bacteriophage
    •  - prefer brackish water
  11. Vibrio vulnificus
    - Necrotic GI disease
  12. Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    - Necrotic GI disease
  13. Campylobacter
    • - Typically bad for newborns
    •  - prefers microaerophilic conditions
    •  - prefers 42 degrees C
  14. Helicobacter pylori
    • - Gastric and duodenal ulcers
    •  - Risk increases with age
    •  - Practically normal flora
  15. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • - Big hospital problem
    •  - EXTREMELY ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT
    •  - notorious in CF patients
    •  - Loves burned skin
  16. Burkholderia
    - Resembles pseudomonas
  17. Burkolderia pseudomallei
    - Glanders in equines
  18. Burkholderia pseudomallei
    • - Melioidosis
    •  - Pneumonia or wound infectious
  19. Chryseobacterium (now Elizabethkingia)
    - The only gram negative susceptible to vanco
  20. Chlamydia trachomatis
    • - Chlamydia
    •  - Trachoma
    •  - Takes a long time to treat
  21. Chalmydia pneumoniae
    • - Atypical pneumonias
    •  - Association with atherosclerosis
  22. Haemopnilus influenzae
    • - Upper and lower respiratory tract infections 
    •  - Third true meningitis agent
    •  - Require X and V factors
    •  - Type B most important
    •  - Vaccine
  23. Haemophilus ducreyi
    • - Cancroid
    •  - Require X factor
  24. Bordatella pertussis
    • - Whooping cough
    •  - Part of DPT shot
    •  - Contagious
    •  - doesn't kill you, but you eventually wear yourself out
  25. Bordatella bronchiseptica
    - Kennel cough
  26. Legionella pneumophilia
    • - Atypical pneumonia 
    •  - Legionnaire's Disease
    •  - Funny cell wall (don't used cell wall antibiotics) 
    •  - Macrophage dwellers
    •  - Air conditioner one
  27. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • - Unusual Cell wall (very lipid-rich)
    •  - TB in humans
    •  - Typically use a cocktail of three drugs for 6-9 months
    •  - latent period
  28. mycobacterium avium complex
    • - TB in birds, swine 
    •  - Chronic pulmonary disease
    •  - drug therapy may be needed lifelong
    •  - most common bacterial pathogen in AIDS
  29. Mycobacterium leprae
    • - Leprosy
    •  - tough to get rid of
  30. Nocardia
    • - cutaneous infections, esp. around face
    •  - rarely a problem outside of aids
  31. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    • - "walking pneumonia"
    •  - usually resolves without complications
  32. Mycoplasma genitalium
    • - men - non-gonococcal urethritis
    •  - Women - pelvic inflammatory disease
    •  - will probably spontaneously resolve before MD visit
  33. Ureaplasma ureolyticus
    • - neonate deaths due to meningitis 
    •  - gene shuffling of its adhesion gene to avoid immune response
  34. Francisella tularensis
    • - Tularemia
    •  - vaccine
    •  - invades macrophages
  35. Brucella
    • - Brucellosis
    •  - undulating fever
    •  - highly infectious 
    •  - invades macrophages
  36. Bartonella
    - Cat scratch fever (B. henselae)
  37. Rickettsia prowazekii
    • - epidemic typhus
    •  - Vaccine
  38. Tickettsia richettsii
    • - Rocky mountain spotted fever
    •  - continued through transovarian transmission
    •  - most common in the REC class
    •  - macular rash
  39. Erlichia chaffeensis
    • - human monocyte erlichiosis
    •  - spreads through the monocytes
  40. Coxsiella burnetti
    • - Q. fever
    •  - undulating fever pattern
  41. Anaplasmosis phagocytophilium
    • - human granulocytic anaplasmosis
    •  - No rash
    •  - resembles erlichia
  42. Treponema pallidum
    • - Syphilis
    •  - Goes into latent phase
    •  - can cross the placenta
  43. Borrelia burgdorferi
    • - Lyme disease
    •  - can be mistaken for rheumatoid arthritis because of symptoms
    •  - bullseye rash is diagnostic
    •  - hard ticks
  44. Leptospira interrogans
    • - Leptospirosis 
    •  - flu-symptoms
  45. Clostridium perfringens
    - Gas gangrene
  46. Clostridium tetani
    - Tetanus
  47. Clostridium botulinum
    • - Botulism
    •  - experimental antisera
  48. Clostridium difficile
    - Pseudomembranous collitis
  49. Bacteriodes fragilis
    • - Has some antibiotic resistance to penicillin
    •  - absdcesses on major organs
    •  - soft tissue damage
    •  - often the only anaerobe that physicians care about
  50. Peptostreptococcus
    • - normal flora
    •  - opportunists of sterile tissues
  51. Actinomyces
    • - Abscesses in mouth, lung, abdomen
    •  - opportunist where broken skin exists
  52. Propinobacterium propinocius
    • - Acne
    •  - Persistent infections on invasive devices
  53. Parvovirus - B19
    • - Fifth disease
    •  - "slapped cheek" rash
  54. Poxviruses
    • - Smallpox (variola)
    •  - Molluscum contagiousm
    •  - Replication takes place in the cytoplasm 
    •  - one serotype
  55. HHV-1
    • - Herpes simplex type 1
    •  - incorporates into your DNA
    •  - Fever sores
  56. HHV-2
    • - Herpes simplex type 2
    •  - Genital herpes
    •  - significant number of cases are actually caused by HHV-1
  57. HHV-3
    - Varicella zoster virus - chicken pox
  58. HHV-4
    • - Epstein-Barr virus - causative agent of MONO
    •  - targets B lymphocytes
  59. HHV-5
    • - Cytomegalovirus
    •  - a significant disease of neonates
    •  - latency in monocytes, lymphocytes, some bone marrow cells
  60. HHV-6
    - "sixth disease" or roseola infantum
  61. HHV-8
    • - Kaposi's sarcoma
    •  - only really comes out if you have full-blown AIDS
  62. Hepadnavirus
    • - Hepatitis B virus
    •  - only DNAA virus that causes hepatitis
  63. Adenovirus
    • - upper respiratory tract infection
    •  - not a latent one
  64. Papillomairus
    - Warts
  65. HPV - human papilloma virus
    - types 16 and 18 are responsible for cervical papillomas
  66. Polyoma
    • - BK virus - renal disease
    •  - JC virus - a slow neuropathy
    •  - Merkel cell virus - skin cancer
  67. Enterovirus
    • - Poliovirus - polio
    •  - most of the cases found today are caused by the vaccine itself
  68. Rhinovirus
    - cold virus (2/3)
  69. Heparnavirus
    • - Hepatitis A
    •  - usually self limiting
  70. Calicivirus
    • - Norovirus
    •  - HepE
    •  - Really really infections AND environmentally tough
  71. Flavivirus
    • - West Nile
    •  - HepC
    •  - products inhibit apoptosis and establish persistent infection
    •  - no vaccine
  72. coronavirus
    • - Number of common cold viruses (1/3)
    •  - envelope
  73. Coxsackie
    • - A and B types
    •  - both can cause a type of paralytic disease
  74. ECHO virus
    0 occasionally a case of aseptic meningitis
  75. Ribuivirus
    • - togavirus
    •   rubella - german measles
    •  - vaccine
    •  - one of the five
  76. ALphavirus
    • - the equine encephalitis's
    •  - typically treat with antisera
  77. orthomyxovirus
    • - Influenza A
    •  - influenza B
    •  - 8 segments
    •  - those segments can recombine
  78. Paramyxovirus
    • - Measles
    •  - Mumps
    •  - Respiratory Syncytial virus
    •  - Parainfluenza
  79. Hanta virus
    - Type of bunyavirus
  80. Rhabdovirus
    Rabies
  81. Fliovirus
    Ebola

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