Bio 210 Final

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Bio 210 Final
2014-04-30 11:51:36
Bio 210 Final
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  1. different types of tissue join together
  2. Includes related organs with a common function
  3. Electrons are found where?
    Outside the nucleus
  4. Number of protons in an atom
    Atomic number
  5. Number of protons and neutrons together (add together)
    Atomic weight
  6. Define Ions.
    When atoms gain or lose electrons
  7. Covalent Bonding
    Sharing electrons
  8. Inorganic substances
    Do not have carbon and hydrogen
  9. Organic Substances
    Carbon and hydrogen combined together
  10. Nucleolus
    Produces ribosomes
  11. Lysosomes
    Suicide sacs.  Capable of digesting cellular parts.
  12. Ribosomes
    Produce proteins
  13. Golgi apparatus
    Refines proteins
  14. Diffusion
    Higher to lower concentration.
  15. Hypotonic solution
    lower pressure, less outside than inside, cells burst
  16. Hypertonic solution
    higher pressure, more solid particles outside than inside, cell shrinks.
  17. Facilitated diffusion
    Needs a helper
  18. Active transport System
    Needs energy and a helper from lower to higher.
  19. Endocytosis
  20. Exocytosis
  21. Anaphase
    Splitting - away
  22. What happens at the end of Telophase?
    2 daughter cells
  23. Glycolysis
    Is anaerobic - splitting of sugars
  24. Electron Transport Chain
    Net gain of 34 ATP's.  Aerobic
  25. DNA Nucleotides
    Involved in DNA replication
  26. RNA consists of:
    A. Phosphate B. Ribose sugar C. A,U,C,G

    Pairings A=U, U=A, C-G, G=C
  27. Transcription
    Starts with DNA ends with M-RNA
  28. Messenger RNA
    Traveling to the cytoplasm
  29. Translation
    Carrying amino acids to the ribosomes.
  30. DNA Replication
    Several enzymes: polymerase, helicase, primase and DNA ligase..... Enzymes end with ASE.
  31. Dehydrocholesterol
    Produced by small intestines
  32. Epidermis is composed of:
    Stratified squamous epithelium. Lacks blood vessels.
  33. Keratinocytes
    Waterproof substance
  34. Melanocytes
    Produces pigment
  35. Dermal Papillae
    Ridges makes up our fingertips and footprints
  36. Apocrine Sweat Glands
    Responds to emotional stress
  37. Eccrine Sweat Glands
    Responds to body temperatures
  38. Pseudostratified
    Only one layer appears to be more. Lines Respiratory passageways
  39. Simple columnar Epithelium
    Lines digestive tract - one layer, elongated
  40. Transitional Epithelium
    Found in the urinary bladder
  41. Hyaline Cartilage
    Found in the nose
  42. Fibrocartilage
    Shock absorber
  43. Bone tissue
    Stores inorganic sales
  44. Where is keratinization found?
    Epidermal cells
  45. Sebum
    Moisturize the skin
  46. Hematopoiesis?
    formation of blood cells
  47. Examples of short bones
  48. Sesamoid Bones
  49. Epiphysis
    Ends of a long bone
  50. Periosteum
    Surrounding the entire bone
  51. osteoblasts
    Bone forming, building up.
  52. Osteoclasts
    Destroying, breaking down
  53. Secondary ossification appears?
    In the epiphyses
  54. Which tissue has intercalated disks?
  55. Fascicles
    "Bundles" of skeletal muscle fibers
  56. Endomysium
    Surrounding each muscle fiber
  57. Sarcolemma
    Cell membrane
  58. Part of the sarcoplasmic reticulum?
  59. Transverse tubules
    Open to the sarcolemma
  60. A-Band
    Overlapping of actin and myosin
  61. Acetylcholine
    Attaches to the sarcolemma
  62. Calcium diffuses from?
    Sarcoplasmic reticulum
  63. Tropomyosin is exposed during?
    muscle contraction
  64. Acetylcholinesterase is?
    Decomposes acetylcholine
  65. Calcium ions are actively transported to?
    Sarcoplasmic reticulum
  66. Isotonic contractions:
    Appear in movement
  67. Isometric contractions:
    Occur with no movement
  68. Flight or fight happens?
  69. What carries out phagocytosis?
    Microglial cells
  70. Acetylcholine depolarizes or repolarizes?
  71. Knee-jerk reflex
    Sensory and motor
  72. Sulcus
    Shallow grooves
  73. Fissure
    Deep grooves
  74. In the frontal lobe, what coordinates speech?
    Broca's area
  75. Which lobe is the auditory area?
    Temporal lobe
  76. Which lobe is the visual area?
    Occipital lobe
  77. Short-term memory is held where?
    Frontal lobe
  78. Recent memory is held where?
    Temporal lobe
  79. Cerebellum
    Coordinates muscle movement
  80. Thalamus
    Relay station for incoming impulses except.... Sense of smell
  81. Hypothalamus
    Regulates heart rate, hunger, body temps
  82. Limbic system
    Emotional experience and expression
  83. Midbrain
    Center for visual and auditory reflexes
  84. Types of receptors
    Touch, pressure, heat, cold, stretch, pain
  85. Referred pain
    feel it somewhere else than where it is.
  86. Can olfactory cells be regenerated?
  87. Can taste cells be replaced?
  88. What are four taste sensations:
    sweet, sour, salty, bitter
  89. Retina receives image:
    upside down
  90. optic nerve
    flips and reverses the image