Genetics Example

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Author:
jbason
ID:
272524
Filename:
Genetics Example
Updated:
2014-04-30 11:54:10
Tags:
Genetics
Folders:
Genetics
Description:
Genetics
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  1. Multiple Alleles
    • CF
    • ABO
    • Eye Colour
  2. Codominance
    • Sickle Cell
    • Patchy cows
  3. Incomplete Dominance
    • Tay Sachs (Hexosaminidase)
    • Starch in Mendel's peas
    • 4-o'clock plant (Red/White plants)
  4. Gene Interaction
    • Mice Coat Loci
    • Sex linkage (Autism, Baldness)
  5. Complementation
    • Foxgloves (Purple)
    • Deafness (Pathway is long)
  6. Lethal
    • Brachydactyly
    • Huntingdon's Disease
    • Yellow Mice
  7. Pleiotropy
    • Syndromic Deafness
    •  -Usher Syndrome
    •  -Waardenburg Syndrome
    •  -Albinism
    • Cat's (Tabby/Deaf white, blue eyes)
    • Sickle Cell
    • Drosophilla Eye Colour/Spermatazoa shape
  8. X Chromosome Inactivation
    • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy 
    • Tortoise Shell Cats
  9. Sex Linkage
    • Heamophillia
    • Q. Vic (Leopard affected)
    • Colour blindness
    • Leson Nyhan (Purine Metabolism)
  10. Translocation
    • SRY
    • Drosophilla White Eye (Position Effect Variegation)
  11. Inversions
    Fertility problems - No crossover
  12. Duplications
    • Huntingdon's Disease (CAG)
    • Bar Eye Drosophilla
  13. Deletions
    • Crit-Du-Chat (Tip of Chromosome 5)
    • Notch wing Drosophilla
  14. Aneuploidy
    • Down's (Trisomy 21)
    • Patau's (Trisomy 13)
    • Edward's (Trisomy 18)
    • XXX (Super Female)
    • XXY (Kleinfelter's, feminine male)
    • XYY (Super Male)
    • XO (Turner's, infertile female)
  15. Mapping Techniques
    • FISH 
    • Somatic Cell Hybridisation (Sendai Virus, HeLa Cells)
  16. Gene-Environment Interaction
    • FTO  + cheap food (Obesity)
    • Huntington's  + time (Age)
    • Monoamine Oxidase +poor upbringing (Crime)
    • Pophoria + Heamin (George III)
    • Phenylketonuria + Phenylalanine
  17. Twin Problems
    • Stresses of twin birth
    • Mosaicism - Chromosomal Disorders
    • Splitting time - Mirror image 
    • Monochorionic/Dichorionic
    • Emulation
  18. Inbreeding
    • Alfonso XIII (7 generations, 8 ancestors)
    • Diana and Charles -> Edward III C=3000, D=4000)
    • Finland Isolated communities - 33 new recessive disorders
    • 70% CF, >50% Garrod's Alkaptonuria
    • Sunny Bull
    • King Charles Spaniels (Syringomyelia) 
    • Bull Dogs, bulging eyes
  19. Matrilineal Inheritance
    • Variegated Plants
    • Poky (Neurospora)
    • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
    • Chlamydomonas
  20. Bottlenecks
    • Leaving africa
    • Pingelap (color blindness)
    • Tristan du  Cunha (High Retinoblastoma + Asthma)
  21. Natural Selection
    • Antibiotics
    • ACE
    • Pima Indians -Obesity 
    • Blondes (Vit D)
  22. Outbreeding
    • Tay Sach's (Dor Yoshim, Rabbi Ecklestein)
    • Bruce Effect
    • Skin Colour
  23. Somatic Mutations
    • Basis of Immune System
    • Proteus Syndrome
    • Different Eye colours
  24. Germ Line Mutations
    • Homeotic 
    • Apricot Eye Drosophilla
  25. Detecting Mutations
    • Strep-Sensitive Mutation 
    • Corn on the Cob (Maize)
    • Mice
    • Haldere counting Heamophilliacs
    • Neurofibromatosis
  26. Chemical Mutagenesis
    • Acridines (Dye, 2000x mutation rate)
    • Base Analauge (5-Bromouracil)
    • Mustard Gas
  27. Radiation
    • X-Ray and Gamma (Ionising Radiation)
    • UV (Thymine Dimers

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