Ch. 15 Positive Schooling

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Ch. 15 Positive Schooling
2014-05-01 15:18:43
positive schooling
Positive Psychology
terms and concepts of positive schooling
Show Answers:

  1. What is calling?
    a strong motivation in which a person repeatedly takes a course of action that is intrinsically satisfying
  2. What is developmental discipline?
    an attempt, based on attachment theory, at socialization that involves building caring and trusting relationships with students who have insecure attachments with their primary caregivers
  3. What is positive schooling?
    an approach to education that consists of a foundation of care, trust, and respect for diversity, where teachers develop tailored goals for each student to engender learning and then work with him/her to develop the plans and motivation to reach their goals
  4. What are the factors associated with “bad teachers” and the consequences of bad teaching?
    • educational background and degrees are factors of bad teaching.
    • bad teaching can lead to students receiving psychological pain and damage in which they become susceptible to self-fulfilling prophecies causing downfalls in academic and interpersonal spheres
  5. What contributes to some teachers turning “bad”?
    Burnout (losing enthusiasm due to numerous blockages and lack of support for effort given)
  6. What historical and policy factors affected beliefs in the effectiveness of public schooling?
    The coleman report (Equality of Educational Opportunity Report) in 1966 showed that the effectiveness of the school system was failing
  7. How did “No Child Left Behind” impact teacher quality and disparities in access to quality teachers?
    teacher quality was improved due to emphasis being placed more on teacher and school systems accountability for reaching a specified minimum performance and learning targets
  8. What are the key components of positive schooling?
    a foundation of care, trust, and respect for diversity, goals created through plans and motivation and achieved through hope with the help of society contributions
  9. What are the examples of positive schooling?
    the strengthsquest program
  10. How does the research support the building blocks of positive schooling?
    social acceptance of teachers contributes to overall school satisfaction (related to more satisfaction with life), trust in classroom leads to both psychological and performance benefits for students, goals provide a means of targeting students' learning efforts, teacher enthusiasm for learning material plans and goals lead to student enthusiasm for learning the material, hope leads to students believing that he/she will continue to learn long after stepping outside of classroom, contributions are provided from the students to society once they learn the material (giving back to society what society has taught them)
  11. What is the StrengthsQuest Program, its stages, and the evidence presented in the chapter to support its usefulness in enhancing the values of positive schooling?
    • the program is set up to develop and engage high school and college students so that they can succeed in their academic pursuits in particular and in their lives in general
    • the stages include: 1) students identify their talents 2) they have revelations about integrating these areas of strengths into their self-conceptualizations 3) they thereafter make behavioral changes
  12. In what ways can teaching be considered a calling?
    when they demonstrate a profound and strong love for teaching
  13. How do teachers who have been recognized for their teaching describe what it means to teach as a calling?
    a chance to make a positive difference
  14. What are some of the ways that colleges have assessed educational success?
    through conferences professors provide strategies they use to assess education success such as: measures of content knowledge, skills, and willingness to use those skills; papers and group projects that are gathered into evaluative portfolios
  15. What has and hasn't changed in the realm of teaching according to leading experts’ perspectives?
    • Has changed: what we know about learning and memory, changes in cognitive goals, and changes in affective and behavioral goals
    • Hasn't changed: the importance of students' feeling that the teacher cares about their learning and about them as individuals, the value of getting students to participate in discussion, the role of testing and grading in student motivation and learning, and the value of getting feedback to improve a course