Additional symptoms specific to Graves disease only:
Bulging or protruding eyes (exophthalmia)
levothyroxine (Synthroid) is what kind of drug?
a thyroid hormone replacement drug
methimazole (Tapazole) is what kind of drug?
How does methimazole affect warfarin?
Thyroid-suppressing drugs enhance the action of warfarin, increasing risk for excessive bruising and bleeding.
What is the action of glucagon?
Glucagon prevents hypoglycemia by raising blood glucose levels back up to normal.
What is an adverse effect of metformin (Glucophage XR)?
Metformin can cause lactic acidosis.
How does metformin work?
Metformin acts on the liver to reduce the release of glucose from stored glycogen. They also increase the sensitivity of the insulin receptor to the binding of naturally secreted insulin, thus improving the movement of glucose from the blood into the cells
What are side effects of rosiglitazone (Avandia)?
Side effects of thiazolidinediones are upper respiratory infections, headaches, muscle aches, fluid retention, weight gain, and anemia.
How does Avandia work?
Thiazolidinedione drugs (or glitazones) work with the patients own insulin to reduce blood glucose levels by making the insulin receptor more sensitive to insulin.