Delirium

Card Set Information

Author:
kimiko
ID:
272643
Filename:
Delirium
Updated:
2014-05-01 02:22:54
Tags:
delirium
Folders:

Description:
delirium
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kimiko on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. what does oriented 3 times mean?
    does he/she know person,place,time
  2. what is delirium?
    a SUDDEN and significant decline in mental functioning not better accounted for by a preexisting or evolving dementia
  3. symptoms of delirium
    disturbance of consciousness with reduced ability to focus, sustain and shift attention
  4. 4 Major causes of delirium
    • Underlying medical condition
    • Substance intoxication
    • Substance withdrawal
    • Combination of any or all of these
  5. Patients at highest risk
    • elderly
    • post cardiac surgery
    • burns
    • drug withdrawal
    • AIDS
  6. Clinical features of delirium
    • prodrome
    • fluctuating course
    • attentional deficits
    • arousal/psychomotoor disturbance
    • impaired cognition
    • sleep wake disturbance
    • altered perceptions
    • affective disturbances
  7. what are the features of prodrome
    • restlessness
    • anxiety
    • sleep disturbance
  8. Fluctuating Course
    • symptoms wax and wane:
    • levels of consciousness
    • orientation
    • agitaion
    • short term memory
    • hallucinations
  9. types of affective disturbances
    • anxiety / fear
    • depression
    • irritability
    • apathy
    • euphoria
    • lability
  10. how long does delirium last?
    10-12 days
  11. what happens to delirious patients that are untreated?
    stupor, coma, seizures, death, increased risk for postoperative complications, longer postoperative recuperation, longer hospital stays, long term disability
  12. chance of dying
    studies suggest that 25% of all patients with delirium die within 6 months
  13. Causes of delirium
    • I WATCH DEATH
    • Infections
    • withdrawl
    • acute metabolic
    • trama
    • CNS pathology
    • hypoxia
    • deficiencies
    • endocrinopthies
    • Acute vascular
    • toxins or drugs
    • Heavy metals
  14. if you suspect delirium, what do you check for first?
    UTI

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview