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The motif of Shakespeare's Macbeth
The reality of the situation must be investigated; the outward appearance may be different than reality which is not revealed
What is a foil
A character who, through similarity and contrast, further delineates the characterization of the protagonist. Must discuss the tragic flaw.
If you shall cleave to my consent, when ’tis,It shall make honor for you.
After this point Macbeth can't trust Banquo, it foreshadows Macbeth 'dealing with' Banquo.
A Soliloquy must reveal ____
What does the hallucination of the dagger before Duncan's murder reveal?
- It reveals Macbeth's inner psychology, the torment of choosing one dagger is a dilemma.
- It shows that Macbeth is looking for validation in his actions of immorality.
Whiles I threat, he lives.Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives.
Shows Macbeth's final choice to kill Duncan and act on excessive ambition
The essential part of the Act 2 Scene 2(after Duncan's murder) is
the guilt of Macbeth and his reaction
The guilt of Macbeth shows that he is
a moral person(which changes by the end of the play)
Where do we see Macbeth will never have psychological peace?
- But wherefore could not I pronounce “Amen”?I had most need of blessing, and “Amen”Stuck in my throat.
- Methought I heard a voice cry, “Sleep no more!Macbeth does murder sleep”—the innocent sleep,
After the murder Lady Macbeth is more predatory than Macbeth because
- Macbeth can't replace the bloody daggers.
- Immoral Lady Macbeth believes all can be washed away by washing your hands; however Macbeth believes the guilt is deeper than the surface of his conscience.
- Why, worthy thane,You do unbend your noble strength to thinkSo brainsickly of things. Go get some water,And wash this filthy witness from your hand.
How do we see Macbeth as originally moral
Macbeth is able to see the consequences of his action immediately after he kills Duncan.
What is the function of the GateKeeper?
the gatekeeper provides comic relief and releases the tension built up.
LENNOX The night has been unruly. Where we lay,Our chimneys were blown down and, as they say,Lamentings heard i' th' air, strange screams of death,And prophesying with accents terribleOf dire combustion and confused eventsNew hatched to the woeful time. The obscure birdClamored the livelong night. Some say the EarthWas feverous and did shake.
Shakespeare's idea that the imbalance of nature is accompanied by a unnatural event, which dis-harmonizes nature and humanity.
Had I but died an hour before this chance,I had lived a blessèd time, for from this instantThere’s nothing serious in mortality.All is but toys. Renown and grace is dead.The wine of life is drawn, and the mere leesIs left this vault to brag of.
Dramatic Irony because Macbeth shows sorrow for the death of Duncan yet he is not sad.
Malcolm and Donaldbain are smart to elude the _____ _____ ______; however, the suspicion is placed on them.
perversion of Scotland
Act 2 Scene 4(Old man and Ross) functions to
show the anomalous nature of Duncan's murder, also gives a foreshadow that reinforces the motif.(God’s benison go with you and with those That would make good of bad and friends of foes.)
Act 3 Scene 1 is essential becuse
It shows a change in Macbeth's characterization, from a character dependent on the motivation of Lady Macbeth to a character that supplies his own motivation from excessive ambitions
Act 3 Foil Function
Banquo pushes the excessive ambitions from his mind before he can act on them but Macbeth dwells on the ambition and allows it to control his actions.
To be thus is nothing, Macbeth soliloquy conclusion.
Rather than so, come fate into the list,And champion me to th' utterance. Manifests Macbeth's change in character, once he let fate enter but now he wants to create his own fate.
Macbeth's emotional argument to the murders(shows the complete collapse of Macbeth's moral center)
- 1) Explains who they are inferior to(you should know that it was Banquo who made your lives hell for so long, which you always thought was my fault.)
- 2) Why they are inferior(Their lives are worthless because of banquo)
- 3) gives them a chance to correct their inferiority(Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men,As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs,Shoughs, water-rugs, and demi-wolves are cleptAll by the name of dogs. The valued fileDistinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle,The housekeeper, the hunter, every oneAccording to the gift which bounteous natureHath in him closed, whereby he does receiveParticular addition, from the billThat writes them all alike. And so of men.Now, if you have a station in the file,Not i' th' worst rank of manhood, say ’t,And I will put that business in your bosoms,Whose execution takes your enemy off,Grapples you to the heart and love of us,Who wear our health but sickly in his life,Which in his death were perfect.)
Evolution of Malcolm
- Malcolm's knowledge of Macbeth's influence
- Malcolm's fear of Macduff
- Malcolm reveals his faults(lust, greed, comit crimes)
- Malcolm reveals his use of irony and gets Macduff to swear vengence
Doctor is the choragos
In Act 5 Scene 1, the doctor is used as a choral figure when he says,"Unnatural deeds Do breed unnatural troubles. Infected minds To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets." Shakespeare wants to remind the audience not to have pity on Lady Macbeth because of her psychological torment. She is still a woman guilty of ambitious drive and who acted with ignobility. Lady Macbeth's guilt is ironic considering her determination to persuade Macbeth's evil acts. Shakespeare does not want us to see a woman who has been healed but rather emotionally scarred because of a lack of morality
words to know
- pernicious- detrimental
- redress- atone
- perturbation- agitation