Fluid and electrolytes

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Fluid and electrolytes
2014-05-01 22:38:58
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  1. Aldosterone
    A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. Function in regulation of metabolism or sodium and potassium. secreted of aldosterone causes Na to be retained and K to be lost in the urine
  2. anabolism
    the building up of the body substance, a process by which  cell takes from the blood and substances require for repair and growth, building it into a cytoplasm
  3. Ascites
    accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity in amounts that are clinically detectable. sometimes seen as a result of cirrhosis of the liver, kidney disease, severe chf introabdominal cancer
  4. catabolism
    the destructive phase of metabolism the opposite of anabolism. usually there is a release of energy with the process of catabolism
  5. dependent edema
    edema affecting most severely the lowermost parts of the body
  6. Diffusion
    the movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
  7. ECF
    extracellular fluid, or fluid outside the cell
  8. Hyperkalemia
    potassium level of 5 meq/l in the blood stream
  9. Hypernatremia
    a sodium level above above 142 meg/l in the blood stream
  10. hypertonic
    a solution more concentrated than that with which it is compared
  11. Hypokalemia
    extreme potassium depletion in the circulation blood, commonly manifested by episodes of muscular weakness or paralysis, tetany and postural hypotension
  12. hyponatremia
    decreased concentration of sodium in the blood.
  13. hypotonic
    a solution of lower osmotic pressure than another. will cause water to move by osmosis to a solution of greater concentration of perticles
  14. icf
    intracellular fluid
  15. interstitial
    pertaining to spaces between the cells. a subcompartment of ecf
  16. intracellular
    fluid inside the cell
  17. intravascular
    within the blood vessels
  18. isotonic
    having the same osmotic pressure as the solution to which it is compared.
  19. mEq
  20. Oncotic pressure
    is the osmotic pressure exerted by proteins
  21. osmolarity
    the number of dissolved particle within a unit of fluid determines the osmolality of a solution. osmolality influences the movement of fluid between compartments
  22. osmotic pressure
    determined by the concentration of solutes, is the amount of hydrostatic pressure needed to stop the flow of water by osmosis
  23. osmosis
    the movement of water from an area of lower concentration of particles to an area of lower concentration of particles
  24. periorbital
    surrounding the socket of the eye
  25. plasma
    the liquid part of the blood
  26. selectively permeable membrane
    a membrane that allows selected substances, molecules, and ions to diffuse through
  27. specific gravity
    weight of a substances compared with an equal volume or water
  28. Tonicity
    in body fluid physiology, this refers to the effective osmotic pressure equivalency and relates to the concentration of particles in a solution
  29. Tubular reabsorption
    the process whereby useful substances such as water, glucose, sodium chloride etc. are returned to the blood as it flows through the peritubular capillaries