chemistry review

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Author:
RMalie
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272788
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chemistry review
Updated:
2014-05-01 23:04:47
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  1. Enzyme
    proteins that can regulate the speed of reactions.
  2. pH
    per Hydrogen
  3. normal blood pH?
    7.4
  4. Atom
    smallest unit of an element
  5. parts of an atom
    • protons(+)
    • electrons(-)
    • nueutrons(o)
  6. ionic bond
    when two atoms exchange or transfer electrons
  7. covalent bond
    when two or more atoms share an electron
  8. electrolyte
    a substance that carries a charge;breaks apart in h2o
  9. Electrolyte examples
    • KCI
    • NaCl
    • MgSO4;
    • sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium
  10. atom behavior
    determined by the number of electrons in the outer shell
  11. metabolism
    all chemical reactions that take place in the body
  12. Organic chemistry
    study of substances that contain carbon as component of a molecule
  13. Inorganic chemistry
    study of all types of molecules with that do not contain carbon atoms
  14. Na
    sodium
  15. Ca
    calcium
  16. K
    potassium
  17. I
    iodine
  18. Mg
    magnesium
  19. Fe
    iron
  20. Cu
    copper
  21. Zn
    zinc
  22. sodium
    transfer water between areas of body; fluid balance
  23. calcium
    component of bones and teeth;muscle movement
  24. iron
    carry O2; component of hemoglobin
  25. hydrogen
    acid base balance
  26. chloride
    heart health; balance water
  27. bicarbonate
    acid base regulation
  28. phosphate
    bones and teeth; ATP energy
  29. potassium
    • nerve
    •  muscle function
  30. TPN PARTS

    base ingredients
    • amino acids
    • dextrose
    • lipids
    • sterile water(H2O)
  31. TPN PARTS

    additives
    • electrolytes
    • regular insulin
    • trace metals
    • MVI (multivitamins)
  32. TPN PARTS

    Order of Operations
    • 1.any electrolyte
    • 2.all other additives(except calcium and magnesium)
    • 3. Any electrolyte containing calcium
    • 4. Multivitamin and/or additive with color

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