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AEIOU TIPS of AMS
- Acidosis, Alcohol
- Uremia (kidney failure)
- Trauma, Tumor, Toxin
- Insulin (hypoglycemia or DKA)
- Psychosis, poison
- Stroke, seizure
What is a reversible encephalopathy characterized by ataxia, eye muscle weakness and mental derangement?
What is an irreversible psychosis characterized by memory disorder usually associated with alcoholics?
What are the two main types of stroke?
- Occlusive -- blocked by a clot or other foreign matter
- Hemorrhage stroke
What are the two types of occlusive strokes?
Embolic -- a solid, liquid, or a gaseous mass carried to a blood vessel from a remote site. Occur suddenly and may be accompanied by severe headaches
Thrombotic -- caused by a cerebral thrombus. A clot formed in the brain. S/S develop gradually. Usually occur at night. Pt usually awakens with AMS.
What is hemiplegia?
Paralysis on one side.
What is hemiparesis?
Weakness on one side.
What is paresthesia?
Numbness and tingling
What is ataxia?
Uncoordinated muscle movements.
What is a seizure that is a brief, generalized seizure that present with a 10 to 30 second loss of consciousness or awareness?
What is a series of two or more generalized seizures without an intervening return to consciousness?
What are the four classifications of syncope?
Cardiovascular, Hypovolemia, Noncardiovascular, Idiopathic
A continuous throbbing headache with fever, confusion and nuchal rigidity (stiffness of the neck) are classic signs and symptoms of what?
What are the two most common cranial nerve disorders encountered?
Bells Palsy and trigeminal neuralgia
What is Bell's Palsy?
Sudden unilateral weakness or paralysis of the facial muscles. Due to a dysfunction of the seventh cranial nerve (facial nerve).
What is trigeminal neuralgia?
Painful electrical shock type spasms and pain on one side of the face. Often around the eyes, cheek, and lower part of the face.
What is a brain abscess?
A collection of pus localized in an area of the brain.
A progressive disease that affects the elderly and causes marked atrophy of the brain.
Characterized by progressive muscle weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscle.
An unpredictable disease of the CNS which involves the demyelination of the of nerve fibers
A serious disorder that occurs when the body's immune system attacks peripheral nerves, leading to inflammation of nerves. Causes muscle weakness or paralysis. Usually starts in the legs and progresses to the arms.
A group of disorders causing muscle contractions that cause twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures or freezing in the middle of an action.
A chronic and progressive disorder characterized by tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia (loss of normal movement), and postural instability.
Condition resulting from damage or injury to the brain, brain stem or spinal chord. Characterized by intense, steady pain described as burning, aching, tingling, or a "pins and needles" sensation.
Central Pain Syndrome
Progressive degeneration of nerve cells that control voluntary movement. Characterized by weakness, loss of motor control, difficulty speaking and cramping. Eventually weakens the diaphram.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig's disease. Pt's usually die within 3 to 5 years of diagnosis.
A term that refers to temporary, involuntary twitching or spasm of a muscle group. Not usually a diagnosis, but a symptom.
A neural defect that results from the failure of fetal vertebrea to close.
An infectious, inflammatory viral disease of the CNS that sometimes results in permanent paralysis.