Vocabulary 1: Written Word
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A list, outline, or plan of things to be considered or done.
Since time was tight, the chairman insisted that the group only discuss matters on the agenda
A casual or direct reference to something
Hoping to impress the teacher, Hyacinth inserted an allusion to Shakespeare's Seven Ages of Man into her essay on Poe's The Masque of the Red Death.
Of questionable authenticity or authorship; erroneous; fake.
Although compelling, stories about alligators living in New York City sewers are more than likely apocryphal and fall under the heading of "urban legend."
False accusation of a crime or offense; malicious misrepresentation.
When ethical methods of campaigning falter, many politicians turn to strategic gossip and calumny.
Something or someone of no value or importance; a secret method of writing, writing down with such a method, or the key to decoding such writing.
Daisy thought the vase was an antique and expected hundreds of dollars for it, but then realized it was a cipher when she only received two dollars for it.
A trite or stereotyped sentence or phrase; anything that has become trite through overuse.
Simon criticizes the American Idol contestants so frequently that his barbs have become cliché.
Passing from one thing to another; tending to depart from the main point to cover a wide range of subjects; rambling.
Though Chelsea found the subject matter of the philosophy lecture interesting, she wasn't able to gain much insight because the digressive professor kept bringing up his recent divorce.
A formal spoken or written essay or treatise, especially one written by a PhD candidate.
Most of Athena's students wrote only enough to satisfy her instructions, but Adlai submitted a dissertation.
A principle, position, or policy held by a religion or government; a statement of such a policy.
The Magna Carta is considered one of the most important doctrines in the history of democracy and influenced the US Constitution and Bill of Rights.
A passage or a piece from a larger work or document.
An excerpt taken from Emma Lazarus' poem was printed on the program for the holiday festival.
Serving to explain or expound.
When a television show is broadcast in two parts, the second show is preceded by an expository statement or clip to let viewers know what took place in the first part.
An account of the author's personal experience.
Celebrity memoirs virtually always sell well, because everyone wants to know what they did and with whom.
Expressing a thing in terms normally denoting another.
The metaphorical description of falling stock prices as a "bear" market has more to do with certain selling practices than it does with the desire of investors to hibernate until things look better.
To restate text giving the same meaning in different words.
The teacher instructed the students to give credit to work the paraphrase, reminding them that just because they put another person's work in their own words does not make it theirs.
Overly concerned with details or formalities; pretentious in one's learning.
It is important for a wedding planner to be pedantic; attention to detail is crucial for a successful wedding.
An introduction to a written or spoken work; an introductory act.
Any prologue to the story of Beowulf must include a brief history of the Danes.
To rework old material into a new form.
- John Pizzarelli rehashed some of Frank Sinatra's work and created a CD of Sinatra songs sung in a more modern jazz form.
To withdraw a statement, opinion, or promise.
While in a rush, Kelly blurted out an "I love..." but quickly retracted her words to say she loves "sailboats."
Concise; brief; curt.
Ernest Hemingway is best known for his spare, terse prose; he rarely wrote more words than were necessary.
To make a written copy of; to translate into another language.
The law firm of McGillicuddy and MacHine always hires a stenographer to transcribe their depositions.
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