General Disease/Conditions

Card Set Information

Author:
amills1
ID:
272904
Filename:
General Disease/Conditions
Updated:
2014-05-02 20:41:59
Tags:
General Disease Conditions
Folders:

Description:
Various diseases and conditions not covered well in the program with there dx, sns, etio, and prognosis
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user amills1 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. This disease is named for the way the person looks due to it presents with a rash on there face. It's an chronic immune disease.
    • SLE
    • Systemic Lupus Erthematosus
    • Lupus means "wolf" which is the look that the rash gives a person.
  2. SLE etio and pathophysiology
    • unclear etio
    • abnormal large numbers of circulating autoantibodies against DNA, platelets, erythrocytes, all are known as antinuclear antibodies (ANA)
    • Skin and body systems can be affected
  3. SLE SNS
    • multiple joints inflammed and painful w/o dmg
    • UV sensitivity, skin rashes, sometimes ulcers
    • renal damage and pleurisy
    • raynaud's and carditis
    • anemia, leukopenia
  4. tx approach to SLE
    • glucocorticoids for inflammation
    • NSAIDs
    • Avoid excessive fatigue
  5. general sns of AIDs
    • 1st phase fever, fatigue, arthalgia, sore throat that recover without intervention
    • 2nd phase no clear signs
    • final acute numerous serious complications; GI effects, neurological effects, malignancies
  6. Difference between benign and malignant tumors
    • benign is commonly encapsulated and expands but doesn't spread
    • malignant cells infiltrate and spread into surrounding tissues
  7. systemic effects of malignant tumors
    • weight loss and severe tissue wasting (cachexia)
    • anemia
    • severe fatigue
    • infections
    • bleeding
  8. With chemotherapy its risk to implement major procedures due to tendency for patient to
    hemorrhage or have a severe infection by coming across/into a more infectious surrounding and have poor healing capabilities
  9. JRA vs RA
    • in children
    • onset is more apparent
    • large joints affected ie knees, wrists, elbows
    • rheumatoid factor generally doesn't present in the bloo
  10. sns of dehydration
    • low BP
    • weak pulse
    • fatigue
    • decreased mental function
    • increased HR and body temp
    • pale and cool skin
  11. sns hyponatreima
    • anorexia, nausea, cramps
    • fatigue
    • HA, confusion, seizures
    • decreased BP
  12. sns hypokalemia
    • cardiac arrthymias/arrest
    • anorexia, nausea, constipation
    • fatigue, cramps,
    • shallow respiration
    • excessive urine
  13. sns hyperkalemia
    • arrhytmias, cardiac arrest
    • nausea, diarrhea
    • muscle weakness, LE paralysis initiates
    • paresthesias of fingers, toes, face, tongue
    • oliguria (low urine)
  14. sns hypocalcemia
    • tetany (involuntary muscle spasms)
    • tingling fingers
    • confusion, irritability
    • weak heart contractions, arrhythmia
  15. sns hypercalcemia
    • apathy, lethargy
    • anorexia, nausea, constipation
    • polyuria, thirst
    • kidney stones
    • increased BP
    • arrhythmias
    • prolonged strong cardiac contractions
  16. whats occuring with O2 and CO2 in respiratory acidosis? in alkalosis?
    • acidosis has increased CO2
    • -COPD
    • alkalosis has increased O2
    • -hyperventilation possibley due to head injuries, anxiety, overdose of aspirin
  17. define
    cardiac reserve
    preload
    afterload
    • cardiac reserve: ability of heart to increase output in response to increased demand
    • preload: amount of blood delivered to the heart by venous return
    • afterload: force required to eject blood from the ventricles, determine by peripheral resistance
  18. warning signs of an MI
    • feeling of pressure, heaviness, or burning in the chest especially with increased activity
    • sudden SOB, sweating, weakness, fatigue
    • nausea, indigestion
    • anxiety and fear

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview